The Book of Esther  PDF  MSWord

Esther Chapter 1  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Est 1
Vashti Angers the King

1Now it came to pass in the days of Ahasuerus (this is Ahasuerus who reigned from India even to Ethiopia, over 127 provinces),
  2that in those days, when the King Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom in the palace-fortress in Susa,
  3in the third year of his reign, he made a feast for all his officials and his servants. The army officers of Persia and Media, and the nobles and leaders of the provinces were before him.
  4He displayed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even 180 days.

5When those days were completed, the king made a seven-day feast for all the people who were present in Susa the palace-fortress, both great and small, in the court of the garden of the king’s palace.
  6There were hangings of white, green, and blue material, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and marble pillars. The couches were of gold and silver on a mosaic pavement of porphyry, marble, mother-of-pearl, and other precious stones.

7Drinks were served in golden vessels of various kinds, including royal wine in abundance according to the bounty of the king.
  8And the drinking was according to this command: no one was to be compelled. For the king had instructed all the officials of his house to do as every man desired.
  9Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house that belonged to King Ahasuerus.

10On the seventh day, when the heart of the king was merry with wine, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcass, the seven eunuchs who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king,
  11to bring Vashti the queen before the king with the royal crown, in order to show the people and the officials her beauty; for she was beautiful.
  12But Queen Vashti refused to come at the king’s command delivered by the eunuchs. Then the king was very angry, and his anger burned in him.

The King’s Decree

13Then the king said to the wise men who knew the times (for it was the king’s custom to consult those who knew law and justice;
  14and the next to him were Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, and Memucan, the seven officials of Persia and Media Who See The Kings Face and sat first in the kingdom),
  15“According to law, what is to be done with Queen Vashti, because she has not obeyed the command of King Ahasuerus delivered by the eunuchs?”

16Then Memucan said in the presence of the king and the officials, “Vashti the queen has not done wrong to just the king, but also to all the leaders and to all the people who are in all the provinces of the King Ahasuerus.
  17For this deed of the queen will become known to all women, causing them to look upon their husbands with contempt, since they will say, ‘King Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she didn’t come.’
  18This very day the noble women of Persia and Media who have heard of the queen’s deed will say the same thing to all the king’s officials, which will bring about no end of contempt and wrath.

19“If it please the king, let a royal command go out from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes so that it cannot be altered, that Vashti may never again come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal position to another who is better than she.
  20So when the king’s decree that he will make is proclaimed throughout all his kingdom, though it is vast, all the wives will give their husbands honor, from the greatest to the least.”

21This advice was good in the eyes of the king and the officials, and the king did according to the word of Memucan;
  22for he sent letters into all the king’s provinces, into every province in its own script and to every people in their own language, that every man should be a governor in his own house and speak the language of his own people.

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