Deuteronomy Chapter 3  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Deut 3
Defeat of Og King of Bashan

1“Then we turned and went up the way to Bashan, and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei.
  2Yahweh said to me, ‘Do not fear him, for I have given him and all his people and his land into your hand; and you will do to him as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites who lived at Heshbon.’
  3So Yahweh our God gave into our hand Og also, the king of Bashan, and all his people; and we struck him until none was left remaining to him.
  4We took all his cities at that time; there was not a city that we did not take from them, 60 cities, all the region of Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan.
  5All these were cities fortified with high walls, gates, and bars, besides the unwalled towns a great many.
  6We utterly destroyed them as we did to Sihon king of Heshbon, utterly destroying every inhabited city with the women and the little ones.
  7But all the livestock and the spoil of the cities we took for a prey to ourselves.

8“We took the land at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, from the valley of the Arnon to Mount Hermon.
  9(The Sidonians call Hermon Sirion and the Amorites call it Senir.)
  10We took all the cities of the plain, and all Gilead and all Bashan to Salecah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan.
  11(For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the Rephaim; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbah of the children of Ammon? Nine cubits was its length and four cubits its breadth, according to the cubit of a man.)

Division of the Land

12“This land we took in possession at that time: from Aroer, which is by the valley of the Arnon, and half the hill country of Gilead and its cities I gave to the Reubenites and to the Gadites;
  13and the rest of Gilead and all Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to the half-tribe of Manasseh; all the region of Argob, even all Bashan. (The same is called the land of Rephaim.
  14Jair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argo, to the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites and called them, even Bashan, after his own name, Havvoth Jair, to this day.)
  15I gave Gilead to Machir.
  16To the Reubenites and to the Gadites I gave from Gilead even to the valley of the Arnon, the middle of the valley, and its border even to the river Jabbok that is the border of the children of Ammon;
  17the Arabah also and the Jordan and its border, from the Sea of Chinnereth even to the sea of the Arabah, the Salt Sea, under the slopes of Pisgah eastward.

18“I commanded you at that time, saying, ‘Yahweh your God has given you this land to possess it; you will pass over armed before your brothers the children of Israel, all the men of valor.
  19But your wives and your little ones and your livestock (I know that you have much livestock) will live in your cities that I have given to you
  20until Yahweh gives rest to your brothers as to you, and they also possess the land that Yahweh your God gives them beyond the Jordan; then you may return every man to his possession that I have given to you.’

Moses Forbidden to Cross the Jordan

21“I commanded Joshua at that time, saying, ‘Your eyes have seen all that Yahweh your God has done to these two kings; so will Yahweh do to all the kingdoms where you go over.
  22You are not to fear them, for Yahweh your God, he it is who fights for you.’

23“I begged Yahweh at that time, saying,
  24‘Lord Yahweh, you have begun to show your servant your greatness and your strong hand; for what god is there in heaven or in earth that can do according to your works and according to your mighty acts?
  25Please let me go over and see the good land that is beyond the Jordan, that good hill country, and Lebanon.’

Joshua is Commissioned

26“But Yahweh was angry with me for your sakes, and did not listen to me; and Yahweh said to me, ‘Let it suffice you; speak no more to me of this matter.
  27Go up to the top of Pisgah and lift up your eyes westward, and northward, and southward, and eastward, and see with your eyes; for you will not go over this Jordan.
  28But commission Joshua, and encourage him and strengthen him; for he will go over before this people and he will cause them to inherit the land that you will see.’
  29So we stayed in the valley over against Beth Peor.”

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