Deuteronomy Chapter 19  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on Deut 19
Cities of Refuge

1When Yahweh your God will cut off the nations whose land Yahweh your God gives you, and you succeed them and dwell in their cities and in their houses;
  2you are to set apart three cities for you in the midst of your land that Yahweh your God gives you to possess it.
  3You are to prepare you the way and divide the borders of your land that Yahweh your God causes you to inherit into three parts, that every manslayer may flee there.

4“This is the case of the killer who will flee there and live: whoever kills his neighbor unintentionally and did not hate him in time past,
  5as when a man goes into the forest with his neighbor to chop wood, and his hand fetches a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slips from the handle and lights on his neighbor so that he dies, he may flee to one of these cities and live,
  6lest the avenger of blood pursue the killer while his heart is hot, and overtake him because the road is long, and strike him mortally; whereas he was not worthy of death inasmuch as he did not hate him in time past.
  7Therefore I command you, saying: You are to set apart three cities for yourselves.
  8If Yahweh your God enlarges your border as he has sworn to your fathers, and gives you all the land that he promised to give to your fathers,
  9if you keep all this commandment to do it that I command you this day, to love Yahweh your God, and to walk ever in his ways, then you are to add three cities more for yourselves besides these three,
  10that innocent blood not be shed in the midst of your land that Yahweh your God gives you for an inheritance, and so blood be on you.
  11But if any man hates his neighbor and lies in wait for him and rises up against him, and strikes him mortally so that he dies, and he flees into one of these cities,
  12then the elders of his city are to send and bring him back there and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood so that he dies.
  13Your eye must not pity him, but you must put away the innocent blood from Israel that it may go well with you.

Property Boundaries

14“You must not remove your neighbor’s landmark that they of old time have set in your inheritance that you will inherit, in the land that Yahweh your God gives you to possess it.

Laws Concerning Witnesses

15“One witness cannot rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins; at the mouth of two witnesses or at the mouth of three witnesses must a matter be established.

16“If an unrighteous witness rise up against any man to testify against him of wrongdoing,
  17then both the men between whom the controversy is must stand before Yahweh, before the priests and the judges who will be in those days,
  18and the judges are to make diligent inquisition; and behold, if the witness is a false witness and has testified falsely against his brother,
  19then you must do to him as he had thought to do to his brother; so you must put away the evil from the midst of you.
  20Those who remain will hear and fear, and will henceforth commit no more any such evil in the midst of you.
  21Your eyes must not pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.”

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