“four kingdoms.” Alexander the Great had two sons, but both of them were murdered, so it happened that after Alexander the Great died, his kingdom was divided up between four generals, who each started kingdoms. The four were: Cassander, who ruled over Macedonia and Greece, the traditional homeland of Greece. Lysimachus who ruled over Thrace, Bithynia, and most of Asia Minor (mostly todays Turkey). Seleucus who controlled Syria and the lands east of it including Babylonia; and Ptolemy, who took control of Egypt. He also controlled Palestine and some of south-eastern Arabia, but those areas were not firmly in his control and they were fought over and went back and forth between being under Seleucid control and Ptolemaic control.