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Then will stand up in his place one who will cause a tax collector to pass through the kingdom to maintain its glory; but within few days he will be destroyed, yet not in anger nor in battle. Bible

“Then will stand up in his place one who will cause a tax collector to pass through the kingdom.” After Antiochus III the Great was killed in 187 BC, Seleucus IV Philopater (187-175 BC) took over the Seleucid kingdom. The kingdom was still in desperate need of money to pay the heavy tribute exacted by Rome, so Seleucus IV sent a tax collector, Heliodorus, around the kingdom to get money. This would be of interest to Daniel because Heliodorus got some of the money by passing the oppressive tribute to Rome onto the Jews in the form of oppressive taxes. As Daniel’s prophecy says, Seleucus IV did not die in battle, or by an angry mob like his father died, but instead was poisoned as part of a plot by his tax collector, who was most likely trying to take over the kingdom for himself (Stephen Miller, The New American Commentary: Daniel).


Commentary for: Daniel 11:20