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This is what Yahweh says:
“For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, yes, for four,
I will not turn away its punishment;
because they have ripped open
the pregnant women of Gilead,
in order to enlarge their territory. Bible

“For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, yes, for four.” The poetic expression “three…four” is an idiom for “many.” The Ammonites were a rather constant adversary to Israel, in spite of being descendants of Abraham’s nephew Lot. Nahash the Ammonite tried to take territory from Israel and humiliate God’s people (1 Sam. 11:1-2). Hanun the Ammonite humiliated David’s ambassadors (2 Sam. 10:1-4). And the trouble continued after the time of Amos. For example, Tobiah the Ammonite was an adversary to Israel in the time of Nehemiah (Neh. 2:10, 19; 4:3, 7; 6:12-14), and Baalis the king of Ammon hired a man to kill the Babylonian provisional governor of Judah after the Babylonian destruction of the country (Jer. 40:14).


Commentary for: Amos 1:13