The Book of 2 Samuel  PDF  MSWord
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2 Samuel Chapter 1  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 1
David Hears of Saul's Death

1It came to pass after the death of Saul, when David had returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, David stayed in Ziklag for two days.
  2And it came to pass on the third day, that behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. And it came to pass that when he came to David that he fell to the ground and showed respect.
  3David said to him, “Where have you come from?”

He said to him, “I have escaped out of the camp of Israel.”

4David said to him, “How did things go? Now tell me!”

He answered, “The people have fled from the battle, and many of the people also have fallen and are dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.”

5David said to the young man who told him, “How do you know that Saul and Jonathan his son are dead?”

6The young man who told him said, “I happened, yes, happened to be on Mount Gilboa, and behold, Saul was leaning on his spear; and behold, the chariots and the horsemen were closing in on him.
  7When he turned around, he saw me and called to me. I answered, ‘Here I am.’
  8And he said to me, ‘Who are you?’ I answered him, ‘I am an Amalekite.’
  9He said to me, ‘Please stand beside me and kill me, for dizziness has seized me because my life is yet whole in me.’
  10So I stood beside him, and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he had fallen. I took the crown that was on his head and the bracelet that was on his arm and have brought them here to my lord.”

11Then David took hold on his clothes and tore them, and likewise all the men who were with him.
  12They mourned and wept and fasted until evening, for Saul and for Jonathan his son and for the people of Yahweh and for the house of Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.

13David said to the young man who told him, “Where are you from?”

He answered, “I am the son of a foreigner, an Amalekite.”

14David said to him, “How were you not afraid to put forth your hand to destroy Yahweh’s anointed?”
  15And David called one of the young men and said, “Go near and fall on him!” And he struck him so that he died.
  16David said to him, “Your blood be on your head, for your mouth has testified against you, saying, ‘I have slain Yahweh’s anointed.’”

David’s Lament for Saul and Jonathan

17David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son
  18(and he commanded them to teach the children of Judah the song of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jashar):

 19 “Your glory, Israel, is slain on your high places!

 How the mighty have fallen!


 20 Do not tell it in Gath.

 Do not proclaim it on the streets of Ashkelon,

 lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice,

 lest the daughters of the uncircumcised exult.


 21 You mountains of Gilboa,

 let there be no dew nor rain on you, nor fields of offerings;

 For there the shield of the mighty was vilely cast away,

 The shield of Saul, no longer anointed with oil.


 22 From the blood of the slain,

 from the fat of the mighty,

 Jonathan’s bow did not turn back.

 Saul’s sword did not return empty.


 23 Saul and Jonathan—those beloved and delightful ones—

 in their lives and in their death they were not divided.

 They were swifter than eagles;

 they were stronger than lions.


 24 You daughters of Israel, weep over Saul,

 who clothed you in scarlet and with other delights,

 who put ornaments of gold on your clothing.


 25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle!

 Jonathan, slain on your high places!


 26 I am distraught over you, my brother Jonathan.

 You have been very pleasant to me.

 Your love to me was wonderful,

 surpassing the love of women.


 27 How the mighty have fallen,

 and the weapons of war perished!”


2 Samuel Chapter 2  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 2
David Anointed King Over Judah

1It came to pass after this that David inquired of Yahweh, saying, “Should I go up into any of the cities of Judah?”

Yahweh said to him, “Go up!”

David said, “Where should I go up?”

He said, “To Hebron.”

2So David went up there, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
  3David brought up his men who were with him, each man with his household, and they lived in the cities of Hebron.
  4The men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the House of Judah. And they told David, saying, “The men of Jabesh Gilead were those who buried Saul.”

5So David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh Gilead and said to them, “Blessed are you of Yahweh, that you have shown this kindness to your lord, even to Saul, and have buried him.
  6Now may Yahweh show covenant faithfulness and truth to you. And I also will do good to you for this kindness, because you have done this thing.
  7Now therefore let your hands be strong, and be valiant; for your lord Saul is dead, and also the House of Judah has anointed me king over them.”

Ishbosheth Made King of Israel

8But Abner the son of Ner, commander of Saul’s army, had taken Ish-bosheth the son of Saul and brought him over the Jordan to Mahanaim,
  9and made him king over Gilead and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin and over all Israel.
  10Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and he reigned two years. But the House of Judah followed David.
  11And the length of time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

The Battle of Gibeon

12Now Abner the son of Ner and the servants of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.
  13And Joab the son of Zeruiah and the servants of David went out and met them by the pool of Gibeon, and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool and the other on the other side of the pool.

14Abner said to Joab, “Please let the young men arise and play before us!”

Joab said, “Let them arise!”

15Then they arose and went over by number: 12 for Benjamin and for Ish-bosheth the son of Saul, and 12 of the servants of David.
  16And each one of them seized his opponent by the head, and thrust his sword in his opponent’s side; so they fell down together. Therefore that place was called Helkath Hazzurim; it is in Gibeon.

17And the battle was very severe that day, and Abner and the men of Israel were defeated before the servants of David.
  18Now the three sons of Zeruiah were there, Joab and Abishai and Asahel, and Asahel was as light of foot as one of the wild gazelles in the open field.
  19And Asahel pursued after Abner, and as he went he did not turn to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.
  20Then Abner looked behind him, and said, “Is that you, Asahel?”

And he answered, “It is I.”

21Abner said to him, “Turn aside to your right hand or to your left and seize one of the young men for yourself and take his armor!” But Asahel would not turn aside from following him.
  22And Abner said again to Asahel, “Turn aside from following me. Why should I strike you to the ground? How then could I hold up my face to your brother Joab?”

23But he refused to turn aside. So Abner struck him in the belly with the back end of the spear so that the spear came out through his back. And he fell down there and died right there. And it came to pass that as many as came to the place where Asahel had fallen down and died, stood still.
  24But Joab and Abishai pursued after Abner. And as the sun was going down they came to the hill of Ammah that lies before Giah on the road to the wilderness of Gibeon.

25And the sons of Benjamin gathered themselves together behind Abner and became one band, and they stood on the top of a hill.
  26Then Abner called to Joab and said, “Must the sword devour forever? Do you not know that the end will be bitterness? How long will it be then, before you tell the people to turn back from pursuing their brothers?”

27Joab said, “As God lives, if you had not spoken, surely the men would not have given up the pursuit of their brothers until the morning.”
  28So Joab blew the shofar and all the people stood still and no longer pursued after Israel, nor did they fight any more.
  29And Abner and his men went through the Arabah all that night, and they crossed over the Jordan River and walked all morning and came to Mahanaim.

30And Joab returned from following Abner. And when he had gathered all the people together, there were missing from David’s servants, 19 men and Asahel.
  31But the servants of David had struck down of Benjamin, even of Abner’s men, 360 men who died.
  32And they took up Asahel and buried him in the tomb of his father, which was in Bethlehem. Then Joab and his men went all night, and the day broke upon them at Hebron.

2 Samuel Chapter 3  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 3
Civil War

1And the war between the house of Saul and the house of David was long-lasting, and David grew steadily stronger, but the house of Saul grew steadily weaker.

2To David were sons born in Hebron:

 and his firstborn was Amnon,

 of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;

 3 and his second, Chileab,

 of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite;

 and the third, Absalom,

 the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

 4 and the fourth, Adonijah,

 the son of Haggith;

 and the fifth, Shephatiah,

 the son of Abital;

 5 and the sixth, Ithream,

 of Eglah, David’s wife.

These were born to David in Hebron.

Abner Goes Over to David

6Now it came to pass as the war continued between the house of Saul and the house of David that Abner was gaining strength in the house of Saul.
  7Now Saul had a concubine whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah; and Ish-bosheth said to Abner, “Why did you go into my father’s concubine?”

8Then was Abner very angry because of the words of Ish-bosheth, and he said, “Am I a dog’s head that belongs to Judah? Today I show loyalty to the house of Saul your father, to his brothers and to his friends, and have not given you into the hand of David; and yet you charge me this day with a fault concerning this woman!
  9God do so to Abner, and more also if, just as Yahweh has sworn to David, I do not accomplish that for him;
  10to transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beer-sheba.”
  11And Ish-bosheth could not answer Abner another word, because he was afraid of him.

12And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, “Whose is the land?” Also saying, “Cut a covenant with me, and behold, my hand will be with you to bring all Israel around to you!”

13And he said, “Good, I will cut a covenant with you. But there is one thing I require of you. That is, you will not see my face unless you first bring Michal, Saul’s daughter, when you come to see my face.”

14Then David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, saying, “Give me my wife Michal, to whom I was betrothed for 100 foreskins of the Philistines.”

15Ish-bosheth sent and took her from her husband, even from Paltiel the son of Laish.
  16But her husband went with her, weeping as he went, and followed her to Bahurim. Then Abner said to him, “Go! Return!” And he returned.

17Now Abner conferred with the elders of Israel,a saying, “Even yesterday, even before, you were seeking for David to be king over you.
  18Now then do it. For Yahweh has spoken concerning David, saying, ‘By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines and out of the hand of all their enemies.’”

19And Abner also spoke in the ears of Benjamin. Then Abner went also to speak in the ears of David in Hebron all that was good in the eyes of Israel and in the eyes of the whole house of Benjamin.
  20So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men were with him. David made a banquet for Abner and the men who were with him.

21Abner said to David, “I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel to my lord the king, that they may cut a covenant with you and that you may reign over all that your soul desires.” So David sent Abner away, and he went in peace.

Joab Murders Abner

22Just then the servants of David and Joab came from a raid and brought in a large amount of plundered goods with them. But Abner was not with David in Hebron, for he had sent him away, and he had gone in peace.
  23When Joab and all the army who was with him had come, it was told to Joab, saying, “Abner the son of Ner came to the king, but he has sent him away, and he has gone in peace.”

24Then Joab came to the king and said, “What have you done? Behold, Abner came to you. Why is it that you have sent him away and he is gone, yes, gone?
  25You know Abner the son of Ner, that he came to deceive you and to know your going out and your coming in and to know all that you are doing.”

26When Joab came out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from the well of Sirah, but David did not know it.
  27And when Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside into the middle of the gateway to speak with him privately, and struck him there in the abdomen, and he died on account of the blood of Asahel his brother.

28And afterward when David heard it, he said, “I and my kingdom are guiltless before Yahweh forever from the blood of Abner the son of Ner.
  29May it alight on the head of Joab and on all his father’s house! Let there not fail from the house of Joab one who has a bodily discharge, or who is a leper, or who holds a crutch, or who falls by the sword, or who lacks bread.”
  30So Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner because he had killed their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.

David Mourns Abner

31And David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, “Tear your clothes and clothe yourselves with sackcloth, and lament in mourning in front of Abner.” And king David walked behind the bier.

32They buried Abner in Hebron, and the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept.

 33 The king lamented for Abner and said,

 “Should Abner have died as a godless fool dies?

 34 Your hands were not bound,

 nor your feet put into fetters.

 As a man falls before the children of iniquity, so you fell.”

All the people wept again over him.

35Then all the people came to persuade David to eat bread while it was still day, but David swore, saying, “God do so to me, and more also, if I taste bread or anything else until the sun goes down.”
  36And all the people took notice of it and it was good in their eyes, just as whatever the king did was good in the eyes of all the people.
  37So all the people and all Israel understood that day that it had not been the will of the king to kill Abner the son of Ner.

38The king said to his servants, “Do you not know that a leader and a great man has fallen this day in Israel?
  39And this day I am weak, though anointed king; and these men, the sons of Zeruiah, are too hard for me. May Yahweh reward the evildoer according to his wickedness.”

Lit. “the word of Abner was with the elders of Israel”

2 Samuel Chapter 4  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 4
Ishbosheth Murdered

1When Saul’s son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands became feeble and all Israel was terrified.
  2Saul’s son had two men who were captains of raiding bands; the name of the one was Baanah and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite of the children of Benjamin (for Beeroth also is reckoned to Benjamin,
  3even though the original Beerothites fled to Gittaim and have lived as foreigners there until this day).

4(Now Jonathan, Saul’s son, had a son who was crippled in his feet. He was five years old when the news came from Jezreel about Saul and Jonathan, and his nurse took him up and fled. But it happened that as she hurried to flee that he fell and became lame. His name was Mephibosheth.)

5Now the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, set out, and about the heat of the day arrived at the house of Ish-bosheth as he took his rest at noon.
  6And they came there into the midst of the house as if to get wheat and they struck him in the belly; then Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.
  7Now they had come into the house while he was lying on his bed in his bedroom, and they struck him and killed him and beheaded him and took his head and traveled on the Arabah road all night.
  8And they brought the head of Ish-bosheth to David at Hebron and said to the king, “Look! The head of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul your enemy, who sought your life! Yahweh has granted vengeance to my lord the king this day against Saul and against his seed.”

9And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said to them, “As Yahweh lives who has redeemed my soul out of every adversity,
  10when someone told me, ‘Behold, Saul is dead,’ and thought he was bringing good news, I took hold of him and killed him in Ziklag. That was the ‘reward’ I gave him.
  11How much more, when wicked men have killed a righteous person in his own house on his bed. So now should I not require his blood of your hand and remove you from the earth?”

12David commanded his young men, and they killed them and cut off their hands and their feet and hung them up beside the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ish-bosheth and buried it in the grave of Abner in Hebron.

2 Samuel Chapter 5  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 5
David Becomes King Over Israel

1Then all the tribes of Israel came to David to Hebron and spoke, saying, “Behold, we are your bone and your flesh.
  2In times past, when Saul was king over us, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. Yahweh said to you, ‘You will be shepherd of my people Israel and you will be ruler over Israel.’”

3So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron, and king David cut a covenant with them in Hebron before Yahweh; and they anointed David king over Israel.

4David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
  5In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned 33 years over all Israel and Judah.

David Conquers Jerusalem

6The king and his men went to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land who spoke to David, saying, “Unless you take away the blind and the lame, you will not come in here,” thinking, “David cannot come in here.”

7Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion; the same is the city of David.
  8David said on that day, “Whoever strikes the Jebusites, let him get up to the water shaft and strike the lame and the blind who are hated by David’s soul.” Therefore they say, “The blind and the lame cannot come into the house.”

9David lived in the stronghold and called it the city of David. And David built the city all around from the Millo and inward.
  10David grew greater and greater, for Yahweh, the God of Armies, was with him.
  11Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees and carpenters and masons, and they built David a house.
  12And David knew that Yahweh had established him king over Israel and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel’s sake.

13And David took more concubines and wives from Jerusalem after he had come from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to David.
  14These are the names of those who were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
  15and Ibhar, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
  16and Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet.

David Defeats the Philistines

17When the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines went up to search for David, but David heard about it and went down to the stronghold.
  18Now the Philistines had come and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.

19David inquired of Yahweh, saying, “Should I go up against the Philistines? Will you deliver them into my hand?”

Yahweh said to David, “Go up, for I will certainly deliver the Philistines into your hand.”

20David came to Baal Perazim, and David struck them there, and he said, “Yahweh has broken my enemies before me like the breach of waters.” Therefore he called the name of that place Baal Perazim.
  21And they abandoned their idols there, and David and his men carried them away.

22And the Philistines came up yet again and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.
  23And when David inquired of Yahweh, he said, “Do not go directly up. Circle around behind them and come against them in front of the balsam trees.
  24When you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the balsam trees, then you are to move quickly; for then Yahweh has gone out before you to strike the army of the Philistines.”

25And David did so, just as Yahweh commanded him, and struck the Philistines from Geba all the way to Gezer.

2 Samuel Chapter 6  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 6
The Ark Brought to Jerusalem

1David again gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, 30,000.
  2And David arose and went with all the people who were with him to Baale Judah to bring up from there the ark of God that is called by the Name, even the name of Yahweh of Armies who sits enthroned above the cherubim.
  3They set the ark of God on a new cart and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was on the hill. And Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drove the new cart,
  4and they brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was on the hill with the ark of God on it; and Ahio went before the ark.
  5David and all the house of Israel played before Yahweh with all kinds of instruments made of fir wood, and with harps and with stringed instruments and with tambourines and with castanets and with cymbals.

Uzzah and the Ark

6When they came to the threshing floor of Nacon, Uzzah reached for the ark of God and took hold of it because the cattle stumbled.
  7The anger of Yahweh was kindled against Uzzah, and God struck him there for his error; and he died there by the ark of God.
  8And David became angry because Yahweh had broken out against Uzzah, and he called that place Perez Uzzah, to this day.
  9David was afraid of Yahweh that day and he said, “How can the ark of Yahweh come to me?”
  10So David would not move the ark of Yahweh to be with him in the city of David; but David carried it aside into the house of Obed–Edom the Gittite.
  11The ark of Yahweh remained in the house of Obed–Edom the Gittite three months, and Yahweh blessed Obed–Edom and all his house.

12It was told king David, saying, “Yahweh has blessed the house of Obed–Edom and everything he has because of the ark of God.” So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obed–Edom into the city of David with rejoicing.
  13And so it was that when those who carried the ark of Yahweh had gone six paces, he sacrificed an ox and a fattened calf.
  14David danced before Yahweh with all his might, and David was clothed in a linen ephod.
  15So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of Yahweh with shouting and with the sound of the shofar.

David and Michal

16And it happened that as the ark of Yahweh came into the city of David, Michal the daughter of Saul looked out from the window and saw king David leaping and dancing before Yahweh; and she despised him in her heart.

17They brought in the ark of Yahweh and set it in its place in the middle of the tent that David had pitched for it, and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before Yahweh.
  18When David had made an end of offering the burnt offering and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of Yahweh of Armies.
  19And he gave to all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, to both men and women, a portion of bread, dates, and raisins. So all the people departed everyone to his house.

20Then David returned to bless his household, but Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David and said, “How glorious the king of Israel was today, who uncovered himself today in the eyes of the slave girls of his servants as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovers himself!”

21David said to Michal, “It was before Yahweh, who chose me above your father and above all his house to appoint me ruler over the people of Yahweh, over Israel. Therefore will I celebrate before Yahweh.
  22I will be yet more vile than this and will be base in my own sight. But of the slave girls of whom you have spoken, they will honor me.”
  23Michal the daughter of Saul had no child to the day of her death.

2 Samuel Chapter 7  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 7
Yahweh's Covenant with David

1It came to pass when the king lived in his house and Yahweh had given him rest from all his enemies all around,
  2that the king said to Nathan the prophet, “See now, I dwell in a house of cedar, but the ark of God dwells inside curtains.”

3Nathan said to the king, “Go, do all that is in your heart, for Yahweh is with you.”

4It came to pass the same night that the word of Yahweh came to Nathan, saying,
  5“Go and tell my servant David, ‘This is what Yahweh says: “Are you to build me a house for me to dwell in?
  6For I have not lived in a house since the day that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt even to this day, but have moved around in a tent, even in a tabernacle.
  7In all places in which I have walked with all the children of Israel, did I say a word to any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to be shepherd of my people Israel, saying, ‘Why have you not built me a house of cedar?’”

8“Now therefore you are to tell my servant David this, ‘This is what Yahweh of Armies says: “I took you from the sheep pen, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel.
  9I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. I will make you a great name like the name of the great ones who are in the earth.
  10I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, that they may dwell in their own place and be moved no more; nor will the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as at the first,
  11even as from the day that I appointed judges to be over my people Israel. I will cause you to rest from all your enemies.”’

“Moreover Yahweh tells you ‘Yahweh will make you a house.
  12When your days are fulfilled and you will sleep with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you who will proceed out of your bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
  13He will build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.
  14I will be his father, and he will be my son. If he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men and with the strokes of the children of men;
  15but my covenant faithfulness will not depart from him as when I took it from Saul whom I removed before you.
  16Your house and your kingdom will be made sure forever before you. Your throne will be established forever.’”

17According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David.

David’s Prayer of Thanksgiving

18Then David the king went in and sat before Yahweh. And he said, “Who am I, Lord Yahweh, and what is my house, that you have brought me thus far?
  19This was yet a small thing in your eyes, Lord Yahweh, but you have spoken also of your servant’s house for a great while to come; and this according to the way of men, Lord Yahweh!
  20What more can David say to you? For you know your servant, Lord Yahweh.
  21For your word’s sake and according to your own heart, you have worked all this greatness, to make your servant know it.

22“Therefore you are great, Yahweh God. For there is none like you, nor is there any God besides you, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
  23What one nation on the earth is like your people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem to himself for a people and to make himself a name, and to do great things for you and awesome things for your land, before your people, whom you redeem to yourself out of Egypt from the nations and their gods?
  24You established for yourself your people Israel to be a people to you forever; and you, Yahweh, became their God.

25“Now, Yahweh God, the word that you have spoken concerning your servant and concerning his house, confirm it forever, and do as you have spoken.
  26Let your name be magnified forever, saying, ‘Yahweh of Armies is God over Israel; and the house of your servant David will be established before you.’
  27For you, Yahweh of Armies, the God of Israel, have revealed to your servant, saying, ‘I will build you a house.’ Therefore your servant has found in his heart to pray this prayer to you.
  28Now, O Lord Yahweh, you are God, and your words are truth, and you have promised this good thing to your servant.
  29Now therefore let it please you to bless the house of your servant, that it may continue forever before you; for you, Lord Yahweh, have spoken it. Let the house of your servant be blessed forever with your blessing.”

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 8
David’s Victories

1After this it came to pass that David struck the Philistines and subdued them, and David took the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.
  2He struck Moab and measured them with the line, making them to lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to put to death, and one full line to keep alive. The Moabites became servants to David and brought tribute.

3David also defeated Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion at the Euphrates River.
  4David took from him 1,700 horsemen and 20,000 footmen, and David hamstrung all the chariot horses but reserved enough of them for 100 chariots.

5When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck of the Syrians 220,000 men.
  6Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus, and the Syrians became servants to David and brought tribute. Yahweh gave victory to David wherever he went.

7David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem.
  8From Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much bronze.

9When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,
  10then Toi sent Joram his son to king David, to greet him and to bless him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. Joram brought with him vessels of silver and vessels of gold and vessels of bronze;
  11King David also dedicated these to Yahweh with the silver and gold that he dedicated from all the nations that he subdued;
  12of Syria and of Moab and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines and of Amalek and of the spoil of Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13David earned a reputation when he returned from striking down the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even 18,000 men.
  14He put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all the Edomites became servants to David. Yahweh gave victory to David wherever he went.

David’s Officials

15David reigned over all Israel, and David executed justice and righteousness to all his people.

 16 Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army

 and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder,

 17 and Zadok the son of Ahitub

 and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were priests,

 and Seraiah was scribe

 18 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada

 was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites,

 and David’s sons were chief ministers.


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David's Kindness to Mephibosheth

1And David said, “Is there anyone who is still left of the house of Saul, that I may show him kindness for Jonathan’s sake?”
  2There was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba, and they called him to David; and the king said to him, “Are you Ziba?”

He said, “Your servant is he.”

3The king said, “Is there not still someone of the house of Saul, that I may show the kindness of God to him?”

Ziba said to the king, “There is still a son of Jonathan; he is crippled in both his feet.”

4The king said to him, “Where is he?” Ziba said to the king, “Behold, he is in Lo Debar, in the house of Machir the son of Ammiel.”
  5Then king David sent and brought him out of the house of Machir the son of Ammiel, from Lo Debar.

6Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, came to David and fell on his face and showed respect. David said, “Mephibosheth.”

He answered, “Behold, your servant!”

7David said to him, “Do not be afraid, for I will surely show you kindness for Jonathan your father’s sake, and will restore to you all the land of Saul your father. You will eat bread at my table continually.”

8He bowed down and said, “What is your servant, that you should look on such a dead dog as I am?”

9Then the king called to Ziba, Saul’s servant, and said to him, “All that pertained to Saul and to all his house I have given to your master’s son.
  10You are to till the land for him, you and your sons and your servants; and you are to bring in the harvest so that your master’s son may have bread to eat; but Mephibosheth, your master’s son, is to always eat bread at my table.” Now Ziba had 15 sons and twenty servants.

11Then Ziba said to the king, “According to all that my lord the king commands his servant, so your servant will do.”

So Mephibosheth ate at the king’s table like one of the king’s sons.
  12Mephibosheth had a young son whose name was Mica. All that lived in the house of Ziba were servants to Mephibosheth.
  13So Mephibosheth lived in Jerusalem, for he ate at the king’s table continually. And he was lame in both his feet.

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David Defeats the Ammonites

1It came to pass after this that the king of the children of Ammon died and Hanun his son reigned in his place.
  2David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash just as his father showed kindness to me.”

So David sent by his servants to comfort him concerning his father. David’s servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.
  3But the officials of the children of Ammon said to Hanun their lord, “Do you think that David honors your father in that he has sent comforters to you? Hasn’t David sent his servants to you to search the city, and to spy it out and to overthrow it?”
  4So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved off the one half of their beards and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

5When they told it to David, he sent to meet them, for the men were greatly ashamed. The king said, “Wait at Jericho until your beards have grown, and then return.”

6When the children of Ammon saw that they Had become a stench to David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Beth Rehob and the Syrians of Zobah, 20,000 footmen, and the king of Maacah with 1,000 men, and the men of Tob 12,000 men.

7When David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army of the mighty men.
  8The children of Ammon came out and drew up in battle formation at the entrance of the gate, and the Syrians of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the open country.
  9Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he chose some of all the best men of Israel and set them in battle formation against the Syrians.
  10The rest of the people he committed into the hand of Abishai his brother, and he set them in battle formation against the children of Ammon.

11He said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you will help me; but if the children of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come and help you.
  12Be courageous and let us be strong for our people and for the cities of our God, and Yahweh will do what seems good to him.”

13So Joab and the people who were with him drew near to the battle against the Syrians, and they fled before him.
  14And when the sons of Ammon saw that the Syrians had fled, they likewise fled before Abishai, and entered into the city. Then Joab returned from the children of Ammon and came to Jerusalem.

15When the Syrians saw that they were defeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together.
  16And Hadadezer sent and brought out the Syrians who were beyond the Euphrates River, and they came to Helam with Shobach the captain of the army of Hadadezer at their head.

17And when it was told to David, and he gathered all Israel together and passed over the Jordan and came to Helam. The Syrians set themselves in battle formation against David and fought with him.
  18The Syrians fled before Israel, and David killed of the Syrians 700 charioteers and 40,000 horsemen and struck Shobach the captain of their army so that he died there.
  19When all the kings who were servants to Hadadezer saw that they were defeated before Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.

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David and Bathsheba

1It came to pass in the spring of the year, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel, and they destroyed the children of Ammon and besieged Rabbah. But David stayed at Jerusalem.

2It came to pass at evening that David arose from off his bed and walked on the roof of the king’s house; and from the roof he saw a woman bathing, and the woman was very beautiful to look on.
  3David sent and inquired after the woman. One said, “Is this not Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?”

4David sent messengers and took her, and she came in to him and he lay with her (now she had just been purifying herself from her uncleanness); and she returned to her house.
  5The woman conceived; and she sent and told David and said, “I am with child.”

6David sent to Joab, “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” Joab sent Uriah to David.
  7When Uriah had come to him, David asked him how Joab was doing and how the people were doing and how the war was going.
  8David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” Uriah departed out of the king’s house and a gift from the king was sent after him.
  9But Uriah slept at the door of the king’s house with all the servants of his lord and did not go down to his house.

10When they had told David, saying, “Uriah did not go down to his house,” David said to Uriah, “Have you not come from a journey? Why did you not go down to your house?”

11Uriah said to David, “The ark, Israel and Judah are staying in tents, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are encamped in the open field. How can I then go into my house to eat and to drink and to lie with my wife? As you live and as your soul lives I will not do this thing!”

12David said to Uriah, “Stay here today also, and tomorrow I will let you depart.” So Uriah stayed in Jerusalem that day and the next day.
  13When David had called him, he ate and drank before him, and he made him drunk. At evening, he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but did not go down to his house.

Uriah’s Death Arranged

14It came to pass in the morning that David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.
  15He wrote in the letter, saying,

“Send Uriah to the forefront of the hottest battle and retreat from him, that he may be struck and die.”

16It came to pass when Joab kept watch on the city that he assigned Uriah to the place where he knew that valiant men were.
  17The men of the city went out and fought with Joab. Some of the people fell, even of the servants of David, and Uriah the Hittite died also.

18Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war;
  19and he commanded the messenger, saying, “When you have finished telling all the things concerning the war to the king,
  20it will be that if the king’s wrath arise and he asks you, ‘Why did you go so near to the city to fight? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall?
  21Who struck Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? Did not a woman cast an upper millstone on him from the wall, so that he died at Thebez? Why did you go so near the wall?’ then you are to say, ‘Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.’”

22So the messenger went and came and told David all that Joab had sent him for.
  23The messenger said to David, “The men prevailed against us and came out to us into the field, but we drove them back even to the entrance of the gate.
  24The shooters shot at your servants from off the wall, and some of the king’s servants are dead, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.”

25Then David said to the messenger, “Thus you are to tell Joab, ‘Do not let this thing displease you, for the sword devours one as well as another. Make your battle stronger against the city and overthrow it.’ Encourage him.”

26When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she made lamentation for her husband.
  27When the time of mourning was past, David sent and took her home to his house, and she became his wife and bore him a son. But the thing that David had done was evil in the eyes of Yahweh.

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 12
Nathan Rebukes David

1And Yahweh sent Nathan to David. He came to him and said to him,

“There were two men in one city, the one rich, and the other poor.
  2The rich man had very many flocks and herds,
  3but the poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and raised. It grew up together with him and with his children. It ate of his own food, drank of his own cup and lay in his bosom, and was like a daughter to him.
  4Now a traveler came to the rich man, and he refrained from taking from his own flock and of his own herd to prepare for the wayfaring man who had come to him, but took the poor man’s lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.”

5David’s anger was greatly kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As Yahweh lives, the man who has done this deserves to die!
  6He must restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing and because he had no pity!”

7Nathan said to David, “You are the man. This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you out of the hand of Saul.
  8I gave you your master’s house and your master’s wives into your bosom, and gave you the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that would have been too little, I would have added to you many more such things.
  9Why have you despised the word of Yahweh to do what is evil in his eyes? You have struck Uriah the Hittite with the sword and have taken his wife to be your wife, and have slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
  10Now therefore the sword will never depart from your house, because you have despised me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’

11“This is what Yahweh says: ‘Behold, I will raise up evil against you out of your own house, and I will take your wives before your eyes and give them to your neighbor, and he will lie with your wives in the sight of this sun.
  12For you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel and before the sun.’”

13David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against Yahweh.”

Nathan said to David, “Yahweh also has put away your sin. You will not die.
  14However, because by this deed you have shown contempt, yes, contempt for Yahweh, the child also who is born to you will die, yes, die.”
  15Nathan departed to his house.

David's Child Dies

Yahweh struck the child that Uriah’s wife bore to David, and it was very sick.
  16David therefore begged God for the child, and David fasted and went in and lay all night on the earth.
  17The elders of his house arose beside him to raise him up from the earth, but he would not, nor did he eat bread with them.

18It came to pass on the seventh day that the child died. The servants of David were afraid to tell him that the child was dead, for they said, “Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spoke to him and he did not listen to our voice. How can we tell him the child is dead? He may do some harm!

19But when David saw that his servants were whispering together, David perceived that the child was dead; and David said to his servants, “Is the child dead?”

They said, “He is dead.”

20Then David arose from the earth and washed and anointed himself and changed his clothing, and he came into the house of Yahweh and worshiped. Then he came to his own house, and when he requested, they set bread before him and he ate.

21Then his servants said to him, “What is this that you have done? You fasted and wept for the child while he was alive, but now that the child is dead, you get up and eat bread.”

22He said, “While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept, for I said, ‘Who knows? Yahweh may be gracious to me and the child may live?’
  23But now he is dead. Why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I will go to him, but he will not return to me.”

The Birth of Solomon

24And David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and went in to her and lay with her. And she bore a son and he called his name Solomon. And Yahweh loved him,
  25and he sent a message by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he named him Jedidiah, for Yahweh’s sake.

The City of Rabbah Is Captured

26Now Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon and took the royal city.
  27And Joab sent messengers to David and said, “I have fought against Rabbah. Yes, I have taken the city of waters.
  28Now therefore gather the rest of the people together and encamp against the city and take it, lest I take the city and it be called by my name.”
  29So David gathered all the people together and went to Rabbah, and fought against it and took it.
  30He took the crown of their king from off his head, and its weight was a talent of gold, and in it were precious stones; and it was set on David’s head. He brought out the spoil of the city, exceeding much.
  31He brought out the people who were in it and set them to labor with saws and with iron picks and with axes of iron, and made them toil at the brick kiln; and he did so to all the cities of the children of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 13
Amnon and Tamar

1It came to pass after this that Absalom the son of David had a beautiful sister whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her.
  2Amnon was so tormented that he made himself sick because of his sister Tamar, for she was a virgin and it seemed hard in the eyes of Amnon to do anything to her.
  3But Amnon had a friend whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David’s brother; and Jonadab was a very shrewd man.
  4He said to him, “O son of the king, why are you so depressed morning after morning? Will you not tell me?”

Amnon said to him, “I love Tamar, my brother Absalom’s sister.”

5Jonadab said to him, “Lay down on your bed and pretend to be sick. When your father comes to see you, tell him, ‘Please let my sister Tamar come and give me bread to eat and prepare the food in my sight, that I may see it and eat it from her hand.’”

6So Amnon lay down and pretended to be sick. When the king came to see him, Amnon said to the king, “Please let my sister Tamar come and make me a couple of heartcakes in my sight, that I may eat from her hand.”

7Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, “Please go to your brother Amnon’s house and prepare food for him.”

8So Tamar went to her brother Amnon’s house; and he was lying down. She took dough and kneaded it and made cakes in his sight, and baked the heartcakes.
  9She took the pan and poured them out before him, but he refused to eat. Amnon said, “Have all men leave me.” So every man went out from him.
  10Amnon said to Tamar, “Bring the food into the inner room, that I may eat from your hand.” So Tamar took the cakes that she had made and brought them into the inner room to Amnon her brother.
  11But when she had brought them close to him to eat, he took hold of her and said to her, “Come! Lie with me, my sister!”

12But she answered him, “No, my brother! Do not humiliate me! For such a thing should never be done in Israel. Do not do this disgraceful thing!
  13And I, where would I carry my shame? And as for you, you will be as one of the godless fools in Israel. Now therefore, please speak to the king, for he will not withhold me from you.”
  14However he would not listen to her voice; but being stronger than she, he humiliated her and lay with her.

15Then Amnon hated her with very great hatred, so that the hatred with which he hated her was greater than the love with which he had loved her. Amnon said to her, “Get up! Go!”

16But she said to him, “No. Because this wrong…is more than the other that you did to me…sending me away!”

But he would not listen to her.
  17Then he called his young man who served him and said, “Put this one out from me, and bolt the door after her.”
  18So his servant took her out and bolted the door after her. Now she was wearing a long robe with sleeves, for with such robes the king’s daughters who were virgins were dressed.
  19Tamar put ashes on her head and tore the long robe that was on her. And she laid her hand on her head and went away, crying aloud as she went.

20And Absalom her brother said to her, “Has Amnon your brother been with you? But now hold your peace, my sister. He is your brother. Do not take this thing to heart.” So Tamar remained—but desolate—in her brother Absalom’s house.

21But when king David heard of all these things, he was very angry.
  22Absalom spoke to Amnon neither good nor bad because Absalom hated Amnon, because he had humiliated his sister Tamar.

Absalom Murders Amnon

23It came to pass after two full years that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baal Hazor, which is beside Ephraim, and Absalom invited all the king’s sons.
  24Absalom came to the king and said, “See now, your servant has sheepshearers. Please let the king and his servants go with your servant.”

25The king said to Absalom, “No, my son, let us not all go, lest we be burdensome to you.” He pressed him; however he would not go, but blessed him.

26Then Absalom said, “If not, please let my brother Amnon go with us.”

The king said to him, “Why should he go with you?”
  27But Absalom pressed him, and he let Amnon and all the king’s sons go with him. [So Absalom made a banquet like a king’s banquet.]

28Absalom commanded his servants, saying, “Mark now when Amnon’s heart is merry with wine; and when I tell you, ‘Strike Amnon,’ then kill him. Do not be afraid. Have not I myself commanded you? Be courageous and be valiant!”
  29The servants of Absalom did to Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king’s sons arose, and every man got up on his mule and fled.

30It came to pass while they were on the road that the news came to David, saying, “Absalom has slain all the king’s sons, and there is not one of them left!”
  31Then the king arose and tore his garments and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes torn.

32Jonadab the son of David’s brother Shimeah, answered, “Do not let my lord suppose that they have killed all the young men the king’s sons, for Amnon only is dead; for by the appointment of Absalom this has been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.
  33Now therefore do not let my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king’s sons are dead; for Amnon only is dead.”

Absalom Flees to Geshur

34But Absalom fled. And the young man who was standing watch lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, many people were coming on the road behind him on the side of the hill.
  35Jonadab said to the king, “Behold, the king’s sons are coming! It is as your servant said.”
  36It came to pass as soon as he had finished speaking, that behold, the king’s sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept. The king also and all his servants wept bitterly.

37But Absalom fled and went to Talmai the son of Ammihur, king of Geshur. David mourned for his son every day.
  38So Absalom fled and went to Geshur, and was there three years,
  39and King David longed to go out to Absalom, for he was comforted concerning Amnon, since he was dead.

2 Samuel Chapter 14  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 14
Absalom Returns to Jerusalem

1Now Joab the son of Zeruiah knew that the king’s heart was toward Absalom.
  2So Joab sent to Tekoa and fetched from there a wise woman and said to her, “Please act like a mourner and put on, please, mourning clothing and do not anoint yourself with oil, but be as a woman who has mourned a long time for the dead.
  3Then go to the king and speak like this to him.” So Joab put the words in her mouth.

4So the woman of Tekoa spoke to the king. She fell on her face to the ground, showed respect, and said, “Deliver me, O king!”

5The king said to her, “What is your trouble?”

She answered, “Truly I am a widow and my husband is dead.
  6Your servant had two sons and they both fought together in the field, and there was no one to part them, and the one struck the other and killed him.
  7Now, behold, the whole family has risen against your servant, and they say, ‘Give up the man who struck his brother, so that we may kill him for the life of his brother whom he killed, and so we will destroy the heir also!’ And so they would destroy the heir also. Thus they would quench my coal that is left and would leave to my husband neither name nor remnant on the face of the earth.”

8The king said to the woman, “Go to your house, and I myself will give a command concerning you.”

9The woman of Tekoa said to the king, “On me be the guilt, my lord the king, and on my father’s house, and let the king and his throne be guiltless.”

10And the king said, “If anyone says anything to you, bring him to me, and he will not touch you anymore.”

11Then she said, “Please let the king invoke Yahweh your God that the avenger of blood does not destroy any more, lest they destroy my son.”

He said, “As Yahweh lives, not one hair of your son will fall to the earth.”

12Then the woman said, “Please let your servant speak a word to my lord the king.”

He said, “Speak.”

13The woman said, “Why then have you devised such a thing against the people of God? For in speaking this word the king is as one who is guilty, in that the king does not bring home again his banished one.
  14For we will all die, yes, die, and are like water spilled on the ground that cannot be gathered up again. But God does not take away life, but plans plans so that he who is banished not be banished from him.

15“Now I have come to speak this word to my lord the king because the people have made me afraid. So your servant said to herself, ‘I will now speak to the king; it may be that the king will perform the request of his slavegirl.’
  16For the king will hear and deliver his slavegirl out of the hand of the man who would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.
  17Then your servant said, ‘Please let the word of my lord the king bring rest; for like an angel of God, so is my lord the king to discern good and bad. May Yahweh your God be with you.’”

18Then the king answered the woman, “Do not hide anything from me that I ask you!”

The woman said, “Let my lord the king now speak.”

19The king said, “Is the hand of Joab with you in all this?”

The woman answered, “As your soul lives, my lord the king, no one can turn to the right hand or to the left from anything that my lord the king has spoken; for your servant Joab, he urged me, and he put all these words in the mouth of your servant.
  20Your servant Joab did this thing in order to change the face of the situation. My lord is wise according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth.”

21The king said to Joab, “Behold now, I have done this thing. Go therefore, bring back the young man Absalom.”

22Joab fell to the ground on his face, showed respect, and blessed the king. Joab said, “Today your servant knows that I have found favor in your eyes, my lord king, in that the king has performed the request of his servant.”

23So Joab arose and went to Geshur and brought Absalom to Jerusalem.
  24The king said, “Let him return to his own house, but he is not to see my face!” So Absalom returned to his own house but did not see the king’s face.

25Now in all Israel there was none to be so highly praised for his beauty as Absalom; from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him.
  26When he cut the hair of his head (and it was at the end of the year every year that he cut it; because it was heavy on him, so he cut it) he weighed the hair of his head at 200 shekels according to the king’s weight.

27To Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter whose name was Tamar; she was a woman who was beautiful in appearance.
  28Absalom lived two full years in Jerusalem, but he did not see the king’s face.
  29Then Absalom sent for Joab to send him to the king, but he would not come to him; and he sent again a second time, but he would not come.
  30Then he said to his servants, “Behold, Joab’s field is near mine, and he has barley there. Go and set it on fire.” So Absalom’s servants set the field on fire.

31Then Joab arose and went to Absalom at his house, and said to him, “Why did your servants set my field on fire?”

32Absalom answered Joab, “Behold, I sent to you, saying, ‘Come here, so that I may send you to the king to say, “Why have I come from Geshur? It would be better for me if I were still there. So now, let me see the king’s face; and if there is iniquity in me, let him put me to death.”’”

33So Joab came to the king and told him; and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king, and the king kissed Absalom.

2 Samuel Chapter 15  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 15
Absalom's Conspiracy

1It came to pass after this that Absalom prepared a chariot and horses for himself, and 50 men to run before him.
  2And Absalom rose up early and stood beside the road leading to the gate. It was so that when any man had a dispute to bring before the king for judgment, then Absalom would call to him and say, “What city are you from?” And he would say, “Your servant is of such-and-such a tribe in Israel.”
  3Then Absalom would say to him, “Behold, your matters are good and right, but there is no man appointed by the king to listen to you.”
  4And Absalom would say, “Oh that I were made judge in the land. Then every man with a dispute or cause might come to me, and I would give him justice!”
  5And it was so that when any man came near to bow low before him, he put out his hand and took hold of him and kissed him.
  6And Absalom acted in this manner to all Israel who came to the king for judgment. So Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.

7And it came to pass at the end of four years that Absalom said to the king, “Please let me go and fulfill my vow that I have vowed to Yahweh in Hebron.
  8For your servant vowed a vow while I stayed at Geshur in Syria, saying, ‘If Yahweh will indeed bring me again to Jerusalem, then I will serve Yahweh.’”

9And the king said to him, “Go in peace.” So he arose and went to Hebron.

10But Absalom sent secret messengers throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, “As soon as you hear the sound of the shofar, then you are to say, ‘Absalom is king in Hebron!’”

11Now with Absalom went 200 men out of Jerusalem who were invited guests, and went in their simplicity; but they did not know anything.
  12Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David’s counselor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he was offering the sacrifices. The conspiracy was strong, for the people increased continually with Absalom.

David Flees Jerusalem

13A messenger came to David, saying, “The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom.”

14David said to all his servants who were with him at Jerusalem, “Arise and let us flee; for otherwise none of us will escape from Absalom. Make speed to depart, lest he overtake us quickly and bring down evil on us, and strike the city with the mouth of the sword.”

15The king’s servants said to the king, “Behold, your servants are ready to do whatever my lord the king chooses.”
  16The king went out, and all his household after him. The king left ten women who were concubines to keep the house.
  17The king went out, and all the people after him, and they stayed in Beth Merhak.
  18All his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites and all the Pelethites and all the Gittites, 600 men who came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.

19Then the king said to Ittai the Gittite, “Why do you also go with us? Return and stay with the king, for you are a foreigner, and also an exile. Return to your own place.
  20Whereas you came but yesterday, should I this day make you go up and down with us, since I go wherever I can? Return and take back your brothers. Mercy and truth be with you.”

21Ittai answered the king and said, “As Yahweh lives, and as my lord the king lives, surely in whatever place my lord the king is, whether for death or for life, even there also will your servant be.”

22David said to Ittai, “Go and pass over.” Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men and all the little ones who were with him.
  23All the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over; the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over toward the road of the wilderness.

24Behold, Zadok also came, and all the Levites with him, carrying the ark of the covenant of God, and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up until all the people finished passing out of the city.
  25The king said to Zadok, “Carry back the ark of God into the city. If I find favor in the eyes of Yahweh, he will bring me again and show me both it and his dwelling place;
  26but if he says thus, ‘I have no delight in you,’ behold, here I am. Let him do to me as seems good to him.”

27The king said also to Zadok the priest, “Are you not a seer? Return into the city in peace and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz your son and Jonathan the son of Abiathar.
  28Behold, I will stay at the fords of the wilderness until word comes from you to inform me.”
  29Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem, and they stayed there.

30And David went up by the ascent of the Mount of Olives and wept as he went up; and he had his head covered and went barefoot, and all the people who were with him covered his head—every man—and they went up, weeping as they went up.

31Someone told David, saying, “Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom.”

David said, “Yahweh, please turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.”

32It came to pass that when David had come to the top where God was worshiped, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat torn and earth on his head.
  33David said to him, “If you pass on with me, then you will be a burden to me;
  34but if you return to the city and tell Absalom, ‘I will be your servant, O king. As I have been your father’s servant in time past, so will I now be your servant,’ then will you defeat for me the counsel of Ahithophel.
  35Do you not have Zadok and Abiathar the priests there with you? Therefore it will be that whatever thing you will hear out of the king’s house, you will tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.
  36Behold, they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok’s son and Jonathan Abiathar’s son, and by them you are to send to me everything that you will hear.”
  37So Hushai, David’s friend, came into the city; and Absalom came into Jerusalem.

2 Samuel Chapter 16  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 16
Ziba Helps David

1When David was a little past the top, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him with a couple of donkeys saddled, and on them 200 loaves of bread and 100 clusters of raisins and 100 summer fruits, and a skin-bottle of wine.
  2The king said to Ziba, “What do you mean by these?”

Ziba said, “The donkeys are for the king’s household to ride on and the bread and summer fruit for the young men to eat, and the wine that such as are faint in the wilderness may drink.”

3The king said, “Where is your master’s son?”

Ziba said to the king, “Behold, he is staying in Jerusalem, for he said, ‘Today the house of Israel will restore to me the kingdom of my father.’”

4Then the king said to Ziba, “Behold, all that pertains to Mephibosheth is yours.”

Ziba said, “I prostrate myself. Let me find favor in your eyes, my lord, O king.”

Shimei Curses David

5When king David came to Bahurim, behold, a man of the family of the house of Saul came out whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera. He came out and cursed still as he came.
  6He cast stones at David and at all the servants of king David and all the people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left.
  7Shimei said when he cursed, “Be gone, be gone, you man of blood, you man of Belial!
  8Yahweh has returned on you all the blood of the house of Saul in whose place you have reigned! Yahweh has given the kingdom into the hand of Absalom your son! Behold, you are caught by your own evil because you are a man of blood!”

9Then Abishai the son of Zeruiah said to the king, “Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? Please let me go over and take off his head.”

10The king said, “What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah? Because he curses, and because Yahweh has said to him, ‘Curse David,’ who then can say, ‘Why have you done so?’”
  11David said to Abishai and to all his servants, “Behold, my son, who came out from my bowels, seeks my life. How much more this Benjamite now? Leave him alone, and let him curse; for Yahweh has invited him.
  12It may be that Yahweh will look on the wrong done to me and that Yahweh will repay me good for the cursing of me today.”
  13So David and his men went by the way, and Shimei went along on the hillside opposite him and cursed as he went, threw stones at him and threw dust.
  14The king and all the people who were with him came weary, and he refreshed himself there.

Absalom Enters Jerusalem

15Absalom and all the people, the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him.
  16It came to pass when Hushai the Archite, David’s friend, had come to Absalom, that Hushai said to Absalom, “Long live the king! Long live the king!”

17Absalom said to Hushai, “Is this your kindness to your friend? Why did you not go with your friend?”

The Advice of Hushai and Ahithophel

18Hushai said to Absalom, “No, but whomever Yahweh and this people and all the men of Israel have chosen, his will I be, and with him I will stay.
  19Again, whom should I serve? Should I not serve in the presence of his son? As I have served in your father’s presence, so will I be in your presence.”

20Then Absalom said to Ahithophel, “Give your counsel what we should do.”

21Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Go in to your father’s concubines that he has left to keep the house. Then all Israel will hear that you are abhorred by your father. Then the hands of all who are with you will be strong.”
  22So they spread Absalom a tent on the top of the house, and Absalom went in to his father’s concubines in the sight of all Israel.

23The counsel of Ahithophel that he gave in those days was as if a man inquired at the oracle of God; so was all the counsel of Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom.

2 Samuel Chapter 17  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 17
The Advice of Hushai and Ahithophel

1Moreover Ahithophel said to Absalom, “Let me now choose 12,000 men, and I will arise and pursue after David tonight.
  2I will come on him while he is weary and exhausted and will make him afraid. All the people who are with him will flee. I will strike the king only,
  3and I will bring back all the people to you. The man whom you seek is as if all returned. All the people will be in peace.”
  4The saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.

5Then Absalom said, “Now call Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he says.”

6When Hushai had come to Absalom, Absalom spoke to him, saying, “Ahithophel has spoken like this. Should we do what he says? If not, speak up.”

7Hushai said to Absalom, “The counsel that Ahithophel has given this time is not good.”
  8Hushai said moreover, “You know your father and his men, that they are mighty men and they are fierce in their minds like a bear robbed of her cubs in the field. Your father is a man of war and will not lodge with the people.
  9Behold, he is now hidden in some pit, or in some other place. It will happen, when some of them have fallen at the first, that whoever hears it will say, ‘There is a slaughter among the people who follow Absalom!’
  10Even he who is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, will utterly melt; for all Israel knows that your father is a mighty man and those who are with him are valiant men.
  11But I counsel that all Israel be gathered together to you, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude, and that you go to battle in your own person.
  12So will we come on him in some place where he will be found, and we will light on him as the dew falls on the ground, and of him and of all the men who are with him we will not leave so much as one.
  13Moreover, if he be gone into a city, then will all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river until there is not one small stone found there.”
  14Absalom and all the men of Israel said, “The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel.” For Yahweh had ordained to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel to the intent that Yahweh might bring evil on Absalom.”

David Informed of Absalom’s Plans

15Then Hushai said to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, “Ahithophel counseled Absalom and the elders of Israel that way; and I have counseled this way.
  16Now therefore send quickly and tell David, saying, ‘Do not lodge this night at the fords of the wilderness, but by all means pass over, lest the king be swallowed up and all the people who are with him.’”

17Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz were staying by En Rogel, and a female servant used to go and tell them; and they went and told king David. For they might not be seen to come into the city.
  18But a boy saw them and told Absalom. Then they both went away quickly, and came to the house of a man in Bahurim who had a well in his court, and they went down there.
  19The woman took and spread the covering over the well’s mouth and spread out bruised grain on it; and nothing was known.

20Absalom’s servants came to the woman to the house and they said, “Where are Ahimaaz and Jonathan?”

The woman said to them, “They have gone over the brook of water.” When they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.

21It came to pass after they had departed that they came up out of the well and went and told king David; and they said to David, “Arise and pass quickly over the water; for thus has Ahithophel counseled against you.”
  22Then David arose, and all the people who were with him, and they passed over the Jordan. By the morning light there lacked not one of them who had not gone over the Jordan.
  23When Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his donkey and arose, and went home to his city and set his house in order, and hanged himself; and he died and was buried in the tomb of his father.

24Then David came to Mahanaim. Absalom passed over the Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
  25Absalom set Amasa over the army instead of Joab. Now Amasa was the son of a man whose name was Ithra the Israelite, who went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah, Joab’s mother.
  26Israel and Absalom encamped in the land of Gilead.
  27It came to pass when David had come to Mahanaim that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
  28brought beds, basins, earthen vessels, wheat, barley, flour, parched grain, beans, lentils, roasted grain,
  29honey, butter, sheep and cheese of the herd for David and for the people who were with him to eat: for they said, “The people are hungry and weary, and thirsty in the wilderness.”

2 Samuel Chapter 18  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 18
The Death of Absalom

1David counted the people who were with him and set captains of thousands and captains of hundreds over them.
  2David sent forth the people, a third part under the hand of Joab and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab’s brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. The king said to the people, “I will surely go out with you myself also.”

3But the people said, “You must not go out; for if we flee away, they will not care for us, neither if half of us die will they care for us. But you are worth 10,000 of us. Therefore now it is better that you are ready to help us out of the city.”

4The king said to them, “I will do what seems best to you.” The king stood beside the gate and all the people went out by hundreds and by thousands.
  5The king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, “Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom.” All the people heard when the king commanded all the captains concerning Absalom.

6So the people went out into the field against Israel, and the battle was in the forest of Ephraim.
  7The people of Israel were struck there before the servants of David, and there was a great slaughter there that day of 20,000 men.
  8For the battle was there spread over the surface of all the country, and the forest devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.

9Absalom happened to meet the servants of David. Absalom was riding on his mule and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak and he was taken up between the sky and earth and the mule that was under him went on.
  10A certain man saw it and told Joab and said, “Behold, I saw Absalom hanging in an oak.”

11Joab said to the man who told him, “Behold, you saw it, and why did you not strike him there to the ground? I would have given you ten pieces of silver and a sash.”

12The man said to Joab, “Though I should receive 1,000 pieces of silver in my hand, I still would not put forth my hand against the king’s son; for in our hearing the king commanded you and Abishai and Ittai, saying, ‘Beware that none touch the young man Absalom.’
  13Otherwise if I had dealt falsely against his life (and there is no matter hidden from the king), then you yourself would have set yourself against me.”

14Then Joab said, “I‘m not going to wait like this with you.” He took three darts in his hand and thrust them through the heart of Absalom while he was still alive in the heart of the oak.
  15Ten young men who carried Joab’s armor surrounded and struck Absalom and killed him.

16Joab blew the shofar and the people returned from pursuing after Israel, for Joab held back the people.
  17They took Absalom and cast him into the great pit in the forest, and raised over him a very great heap of stones. Then all Israel fled everyone to his tent.

18Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and set up for himself the pillar that is in the King’s Valley, for he said, “I have no son to keep my name in memory.” He called the pillar after his own name and it is called Absalom’s monument to this day.

David Hears of Absalom's Death

19Then Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said, “Let me now run and carry news to the king, how that Yahweh has avenged him of his enemies.”

20Joab said to him, “You are not to be the one to carry news this day, but you may bear news another day. But today you are not to carry news, because the king’s son is dead.”
  21Then Joab said to the Cushite, “Go, tell the king what you have seen!” The Cushite bowed himself to Joab and ran.

22Then Ahimaaz the son of Zadok said yet again to Joab, “But come what may, please let me also run after the Cushite.”

Joab said, “Why do you want to run, my son, since that you will have no reward for the news?”

23“But come what may,” he said, “I will run.”

He said to him, “Run!” Then Ahimaaz ran by the way of the Plain and outran the Cushite.

24Now David was sitting between the two gates, and the watchman went up to the roof of the gate to the wall and lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, a man running alone.
  25The watchman cried out and told the king.

The king said, “If he is alone, there is news in his mouth.” He came closer and closer.
  26The watchman saw another man running, and the watchman called to the gatekeeper and said, “Behold, a man running alone!”

The king said, “He also brings news.”

27The watchman said, “I think the running of the first one is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok.”

The king said, “He is a good man and comes with good news.”

28Ahimaaz called and said to the king, “All is well.” He bowed himself before the king with his face to the earth and said, “Blessed is Yahweh your God who has given over the men who lifted up their hand against my lord the king!”

29The king said, “Is it well with the young man Absalom?”

Ahimaaz answered, “When Joab sent the king’s servant, even me your servant, I saw a great tumult, but I do not know what it was.”

30The king said, “Turn aside and stand here.” He turned aside and stood still.

David Mourns for Absalom

31Behold, the Cushite came. The Cushite said, “News for my lord the king, for Yahweh has avenged you this day of all those who rose up against you.”

32The king said to the Cushite, “Is it well with the young man Absalom?”

The Cushite answered, “May the enemies of my lord the king and all who rise up against you to do you harm be as that young man is.”

33The king was much moved and went up to the room over the gate and wept. As he went, he said, “My son Absalom! My son, my son Absalom! I wish I had died for you, Absalom, my son, my son!”

2 Samuel Chapter 19  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 19
Joab Rebukes David

1It was told Joab, “Behold, the king weeps and mourns for Absalom.”
  2The victory that day was turned into mourning to all the people, for the people heard it said that day, “The king grieves for his son.”
  3The people sneaked into the city that day as people who are ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.
  4The king covered his face, and the king cried out with a loud voice, “My son Absalom, Absalom, my son, my son!”

5Joab came into the house to the king and said, “You have shamed this day the faces of all your servants who this day have saved your life and the lives of your sons and of your daughters and the lives of your wives and the lives of your concubines,
  6in that you love those who hate you and hate those who love you. For you have declared this day that officials and servants are nothing to you. For today I perceive that if Absalom had lived and all we had died this day, then it would have pleased you well.

7“Now therefore arise, go out and speak to comfort your servants; for I swear by Yahweh, if you do not go out, not a man will stay with you this night. That would be worse to you than all the evil that has happened to you from your youth until now.”

8Then the king arose and sat in the gate. They told to all the people, saying, “Behold, the king is sitting in the gate.” All the people came before the king.

David Returns to Jerusalem

Now Israel had fled every man to his tent.
  9All the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, “The king delivered us out of the hand of our enemies and he saved us out of the hand of the Philistines, and now he has fled out of the land from Absalom.
  10Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why do not you speak a word of bringing the king back?”

11King David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, “Speak to the elders of Judah, saying, ‘Why are you the last to bring the king back to his house? Since the speech of all Israel has come to the king to return him to his house.
  12You are my brothers you are my bone and my flesh. Why then are you the last to bring back the king?’
  13Say to Amasa, ‘Are you not my bone and my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if you are not captain of the army before me continually in place of Joab.’”

14He bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as one man, so that they sent to the king, saying, “Return, you and all your servants.”
  15So the king returned and came to the Jordan. Judah came to Gilgal to go to meet the king, to bring the king over the Jordan.

David Pardons His Enemies

16Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite who was of Bahurim, hurried and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.
  17There were 1,000 men of Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of the house of Saul, and his 15 sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went through the Jordan in the presence of the king.
  18A ferry boat went to bring over the king’s household and to do what he thought good.

Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, when he had come over the Jordan.
  19He said to the king, “Do not let my lord impute iniquity to me, nor remember that which your servant did perversely the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart.
  20For your servant knows that I have sinned. Therefore behold, I have come this day the first of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.”

21But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered, “Should Shimei not be put to death for this, because he cursed Yahweh’s anointed?”

22David said, “What have I to do with you, you sons of Zeruiah, that you should this day be adversaries to me? Should there any man be put to death this day in Israel? For do not I know that I am this day king over Israel?”
  23The king said to Shimei, “You will not die.” The king swore to him.

24Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and he had neither groomed his feet nor trimmed his beard nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came home in peace.
  25It came to pass when he had come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said to him, “Why did you not go with me, Mephibosheth?”

26He answered, “My lord, O king, my servant deceived me. For your servant said, I will saddle me a donkey, that I may ride on it, and go with the king; because your servant is lame.
  27He has slandered your servant to my lord the king, but my lord the king is as an angel of God. Do therefore what is good in your eyes.
  28For all my father’s house were but dead men before my lord the king, yet you set your servant among those who ate at your own table. What right therefore have I yet that I should cry out any more to the king?”

29The king said to him, “Why do you speak any more of your matters? I say, you and Ziba divide the land.”

30Mephibosheth said to the king, “Yes, let him take all, because my lord the king has come in peace to his own house.”

31Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and he went over the Jordan with the king to conduct him over the Jordan.
  32Now Barzillai was a very aged man, even eighty years old, and he had provided the king with sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim, for he was a very great man.

33The king said to Barzillai, “Come over with me and I will sustain you with me in Jerusalem.”

34Barzillai said to the king, “How many are the days of the years of my life, that I should go up with the king to Jerusalem?
  35I am this day eighty years old. Can I discern between good and bad? Can your servant taste what I eat or what I drink? Can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? Why then should your servant be yet a burden to my lord the king?
  36Your servant would but just go over the Jordan with the king. Why should the king repay me with such a reward?
  37Please let your servant turn back again, that I may die in my own city by the grave of my father and my mother. But behold, your servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king, and do to him what will seem good to you.”

38The king answered, “Chimham will go over with me, and I will do to him what will seem good to you. Whatever you require of me, that I will do for you.”
  39All the people went over the Jordan, and the king went over. Then the king kissed Barzillai and blessed him, and he returned to his own place.

40So the king went over to Gilgal and Chimham went over with him. All the people of Judah brought the king over, and also half the people of Israel.
  41Behold, all the men of Israel came to the king and said to the king, “Why have our brothers the men of Judah stolen you away and brought the king and his household over the Jordan, and all David’s men with him?”

42All the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, “Because the king is a close relative to us. Why then are you angry about this matter? Have we eaten at all at the king’s cost? Or has he given us any gift?”

43The men of Israel answered the men of Judah and said, “We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more claim to David than you. Why then did you treat us with contempt? Were we not the first to speak of bringing back our king?” But the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.

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Sheba Rebels Against David

1There happened to be there a son of Belial whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite, and he blew the shofar and said,

 “We have no portion in David,

 neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse.

 Every man to his tents, Israel!”


2So all the men of Israel went up from following David and followed Sheba the son of Bichri, but the men of Judah joined with their king, from the Jordan even to Jerusalem.

3David came to his house at Jerusalem, and the king took the ten women his concubines whom he had left to keep the house and put them in custody and provided them with sustenance, but did not go into them. So they were shut up to the day of their death, living in widowhood.

4Then the king said to Amasa, “Call me the men of Judah together within three days, and be here present.”
  5So Amasa went to call the men of Judah together, but he stayed longer than the set time that he had appointed him.
  6David said to Abishai, “Now Sheba the son of Bichri will do us more harm than Absalom did. Take your lord’s servants and pursue after him, lest he get himself fortified cities and escape out of our sight.”

7There went out after him Joab’s men and the Cherethites and the Pelethites and all the mighty men; and they went out of Jerusalem to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
  8When they were at the great stone that is in Gibeon, Amasa came to meet them. Joab was clothed in his apparel of war that he had put on, and on it was a sash with a sword fastened on his waist in its sheath, and as he went out it fell out.
  9Joab said to Amasa, “Is it well with you, my brother?” Joab took Amasa by the beard with his right hand to kiss him.
  10But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab’s hand. So he struck him with it in the body and shed out his bowels to the ground, and did not strike him again; and he died. Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.

11There stood by him one of Joab’s young men, and said, “He who favors Joab and he who is for David, let him follow Joab!”
  12Amasa lay wallowing in his blood in the middle of the highway. When the man saw that all the people stood still, he carried Amasa out of the highway into the field and cast a garment over him, when he saw that everyone who came by him stood still.
  13When he was removed out of the highway, all the people went on after Joab to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.

14He went through all the tribes of Israel to Abel and to Beth-maacah, and all the Berites; and they were gathered together and went also after him.
  15They came and besieged him in Abel of Beth-maacah, and they cast up a mound against the city, and it stood against the rampart; and all the people who were with Joab battered the wall to throw it down.
  16Then a wise woman cried out of the city, “Hear, hear! Please say to Joab, ‘Come near here, that I may speak with you.’”

17He came near to her; and the woman said, “Are you Joab?”

He answered, “I am.”

Then she said to him, “Hear the words of your slavegirl.”

He answered, “I am listening.”

18Then she spoke, saying, “They used to say in former times, ‘Let them seek counsel at Abel;’ and so they settled the matter.
  19I am among those who are peaceable and faithful in Israel. You seek to destroy a city and a mother in Israel. Why will you swallow up the inheritance of Yahweh?”

20Joab answered, “Far be it, far be it from me that I should swallow up or destroy.
  21The matter is not so. But a man of the hill country of Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, has lifted up his hand against the king, even against David. Deliver him only, and I will depart from the city.”

The woman said to Joab, “Behold, his head will be thrown to you over the wall.”
  22Then the woman went to all the people in her wisdom. They cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri and threw it out to Joab. He blew the shofar and they dispersed from the city, every man to his tent. Joab returned to Jerusalem to the king.

David’s Officials

23Now Joab was over all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;
  24and Adoram was over the men subject to forced labor; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;
  25and Sheva was scribe; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests,
  26and also Ira the Jairite was chief minister to David.

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 21
David Avenges the Gibeonites

1Now there was a famine in the days of David for three years, year after year. And David sought the face of Yahweh. Yahweh said, “It is because of Saul and because of the House of Blood-guilt; because he put to death the Gibeonites.”

2The king called the Gibeonites and said to them (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites. And the children of Israel had sworn an oath to them, but Saul had sought to strike them down in his zeal for the children of Israel and Judah);
  3and David said to the Gibeonites, “What should I do for you? And in what way can I make atonement, so that you will bless the inheritance of Yahweh?”

4The Gibeonites said to him, “It is not a matter of silver or gold between us and Saul or his house; nor is it for us to put any man to death in Israel.”

And he said, “Whatever you say, that will I do for you.”

5They said to the king, “The man who destroyed us and who intended for us to be wiped out from remaining in any of the territory of Israel,
  6let seven men of his sons be given to us, and we will impale them in the presence of Yahweh in Gibeah of Saul, the chosen of Yahweh.”

And the king said, “I will give them.”

7But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the oath of Yahweh that was between them; between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.
  8But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth, and the five sons of Merab the daughter of Saul whom she bore to Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite.
  9And he gave them into the hands of the Gibeonites and they impaled them on the mountain in the presence of Yahweh, and all seven of them fell together. They were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days at the beginning of barley harvest.

The Burial of Saul’s Family

10And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth and spread it for herself on a rock from the beginning of harvest until water was poured on them from heaven. She did not allow the birds of the air to rest on them by day or the animals of the field by night.

11And David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
  12So David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh Gilead, who had stolen them from the public square of Beth Shan where the Philistines had hung them up on in the day that the Philistines killed Saul on Mount Gilboa;
  13and he brought up from there the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son, and they gathered the bones of those men who had been impaled.
  14Then they buried the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son at Zela in the land of Benjamin, in the tomb of Kish his father. And when they had done all that the king had commanded them, then God allowed Himself to be entreated for the land.

War with the Philistines

15The Philistines had war again with Israel, and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines. David grew faint,
  16and Ishbibenob, who was one of the descendants of Rapha, whose spear weighed 300 shekels of bronze, he being armed with a new sword, intended to kill David.
  17But Abishai the son of Zeruiah helped him and struck the Philistine and killed him. Then the men of David swore to him, saying, “You must go no more out with us to battle, that you do not quench the lamp of Israel.”

18It came to pass after this that there was again war with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbecai the Hushathite killed Saph who was a descendant of Rapha.

19There was again war with the Philistines at Gob; and Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite’s brother, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.

20There was again war at Gath, where there was a man of great size who had on every hand six fingers and on every foot six toes, 24 in number; and he also was a descendant of Rapha.
  21When he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David’s brother, killed him.

22These four were descendants of Rapha in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 22
David's Song of Deliverance

1David spoke to Yahweh the words of this song in the day that Yahweh delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul,
  2and he said,

 “Yahweh is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer, even mine;


 3 God, my rock, in him I will take refuge;

 my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge.

 My savior, you save me from violence.


 4 I will call on Yahweh who is worthy to be praised:

 So will I be saved from my enemies.


 5 For the waves of death surrounded me.

 The floods of ungodliness made me afraid.


 6 The cords of Sheol were around me.

 The snares of death caught me.


In my distress I called on Yahweh.

 Yes, I called to my God.

 He heard my voice out of his temple.

 My cry came into his ears.


 8 Then the earth shook and trembled.

 The foundations of heaven quaked

 and were shaken because he was angry.


 9 Smoke went up out of his nostrils.

 Fire out of his mouth devoured.

 Coals were kindled by it.


 10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down.

 Thick darkness was under his feet.


 11 He rode on a cherub and flew.

 Yes, he was seen on the wings of the wind.


 12 He made darkness pavilions around himself;

 gathering of waters, and thick clouds of the skies.


 13 At the brightness before him

 coals of fire were kindled.


 14 Yahweh thundered from heaven.

 The Most High uttered his voice.


 15 He sent out arrows and scattered them;

 lightning, and confused them.


 16 Then the channels of the sea appeared.

 The foundations of the world were laid bare by the rebuke of Yahweh,

 At the blast of the breath of his nostrils.


He sent from on high

 and he took me.

 He drew me out of many waters.


 18 He delivered me from my strong enemy,

 from those who hated me,

 for they were too mighty for me.


 19 They came on me in the day of my calamity,

 but Yahweh was my support.


 20 He also brought me out into a large place.

 He delivered me because he delighted in me.


Yahweh rewarded me

 according to my righteousness.

 He rewarded me

 according to the cleanness of my hands.


 22 For I have kept the ways of Yahweh

 and have not wickedly departed from my God.


 23 For all his ordinances were before me.

 As for his statutes, I did not depart from them.


 24 I was also perfect toward him.

 I kept myself from my iniquity.


 25 Therefore Yahweh has rewarded me according to my righteousness,

 according to my cleanness in his eyes.


With the merciful

 you will show yourself merciful.

 With the perfect man

 you will show yourself perfect.


 27 With the pure

 you will show yourself pure.

 With the crooked

 you will show yourself shrewd.


 28 You will save the afflicted people,

 But your eyes are on the haughty,

 that you may bring them down.


 29 For you are my lamp, Yahweh.

 Yahweh will light up my darkness.


 30 For by you I run against a troop.

 By my God, I leap over a wall.


 31 As for God, his way is perfect.

 The word of Yahweh is tested.

 He is a shield to all those who take refuge in him.


For who is God besides Yahweh?

 Who is a rock besides our God?


 33 God is my strong fortress.

 He makes my way perfect.


 34 He makes his feet like hinds’ feet,

 and sets me on my high places.


 35 He teaches my hands to war

 so that my arms bend a bow of bronze.


 36 You have also given me the shield of your salvation.

 Your gentleness has made me great.


 37 You have enlarged my steps under me.

 My feet have not slipped.


 38 I have pursued my enemies and destroyed them.

 I didn’t turn again until they were consumed.


 39 I have consumed them and struck them through

 so that they cannot arise.

 Yes, they have fallen under my feet.


 40 For you have armed me with strength for the battle.

 You have subdued under me those who rose up against me.


 41 You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me

 that I might cut off those who hate me.


 42 They looked, but there was none to save;

 even to Yahweh, but he didn’t answer them.


 43 Then I beat them as small as the dust of the earth.

 I crushed them as the mire of the streets and spread them abroad.


You also have delivered me from the strivings of my people.

 You have kept me to be the head of the nations.

 A people whom I have not known will serve me.


 45 The foreigners will submit themselves to me.

 As soon as they hear of me, they will obey me.


 46 The foreigners will fade away

 and will come trembling out of their close places.


Yahweh lives! Blessed be my rock!

 Exalted be God, the rock of my salvation,


 48 even the God who executes vengeance for me,

 who brings down peoples under me,


 49 who brings me away from my enemies.

 Yes, you lift me up above those who rise up against me.

 You deliver me from the violent man.


Therefore I will give thanks to you, Yahweh, among the nations.

 I will sing praises to your name.


 51 He gives great deliverance to his king

 and shows loving kindness to his anointed,

 to David and to his seed, forevermore.”


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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 23
The Last Words of David

1Now these are the last words of David.

 David the son of Jesse says,

 the man who was raised on high says,

 the anointed of the God of Jacob,

 the sweet psalmist of Israel:


 2 “The spirit of Yahweh spoke by me.

 His word was on my tongue.


 3 The God of Israel said,

 the Rock of Israel spoke to me,

 ‘One who rules over men righteously,

 who rules in the fear of God,


 4 will be as the light of the morning, when the sun rises,

 a morning without clouds,

 when the tender vegetation springs out of the earth,

 through clear shining after rain.’


Most certainly my house is not so with God,

 yet he has made with me an everlasting covenant,

 ordered in all things and sure,

 for it is all my salvation and all my desire,

 although he doesn’t make it grow.


 6 But all the sons of Belial will be as thorns to be thrust away,

 because they cannot be taken with the hand,


 7 But the man who touches them must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear.

 They will be utterly burned with fire in their place.”

  David’s Mighty Men

8These are the names of the mighty men whom David had:

Josheb Basshebeth, a Tahchemonite, chief of the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite, against 800 slain at one time.

9After him was Eleazar the son of Dodai the son of an Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines who were there gathered together to battle and the men of Israel were gone away.
  10He arose and struck the Philistines until his hand was weary and his hand froze to the sword; and Yahweh worked a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to take spoil.

11After him was Shammah the son of Agee a Hararite. The Philistines were gathered together into a troop where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the people fled from the Philistines.
  12But he stood in the middle of the plot and defended it, and killed the Philistines; and Yahweh worked a great victory.

13Three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam, and the troop of the Philistines was encamped in the valley of Rephaim.
  14David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
  15David longed and said, “Oh that one would give me water to drink of the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!”
  16The three mighty men broke through the army of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate, and took it and brought it to David: but he would not drink of it, but poured it out to Yahweh.
  17He said, “Be it far from me, Yahweh, that I should do this! Isn’t it the blood of the men who went in jeopardy of their lives?” Therefore he would not drink it. The three mighty men did these things.

18Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief of the three. He lifted up his spear against 300 and killed them, and had a name among the three.
  19Wasn’t he most honorable of the three? Therefore he was made their captain; however he didn’t attain to the three.

20Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel who had done mighty deeds, he killed the two sons of Ariel of Moab; he went down also and killed a lion in the middle of a pit in time of snow.
  21He killed an Egyptian, an impressive–looking man, and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand but he went down to him with a staff and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear.
  22Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did these things and had a name among the three mighty men.
  23He was more honorable than the thirty, but he didn’t attain to the three. David set him over his guard.

24Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty;
Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,

25Shammah the Harodite,
Elika the Harodite,

26Helez the Paltite,
Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,

27Abiezer the Anathothite,
Mebunnai the Hushathite,

28Zalmon the Ahohite,
Maharai the Netophathite,

29Heleb the son of Baanah the Netophathite,
Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,

30Benaiah a Pirathonite,
Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash;

31Abialbon the Arbathite,
Azmaveth the Barhumite,

32Eliahba the Shaalbonite,
the sons of Jashen,
Jonathan, 33Shammah the Hararite,
Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,

34Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maacathite,
Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

35Hezro the Carmelite,
Paarai the Arbite,

36Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah,
Bani the Gadite,

37Zelek the Ammonite,
Naharai the Beerothite, armor–bearers to Joab the son of Zeruiah,

38Ira the Ithrite,
Gareb the Ithrite,

39Uriah the Hittite:

37 in all.

2 Samuel Chapter 24  top  PDF  MSWord

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David's Census

1Again the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them, saying, “Go, number Israel and Judah.”

2The king said to Joab the captain of the army who was with him, “Now go back and forth through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, and number the people, that I may know the sum of the people.”

3Joab said to the king, “Now may Yahweh your God add to the people, however many they may be, 100 times, and may the eyes of my lord the king see it. But why does my lord the king delight in this thing?”

4Notwithstanding, the king’s word prevailed against Joab and against the captains of the army. Joab and the captains of the army went out from the presence of the king to number the people of Israel.

5They passed over the Jordan and encamped in Aroer on the right side of the city that is in the middle of the valley of Gad, and to Jazer;
  6then they came to Gilead and to the land of Tahtim-hodshi, and they came to Dan-jaan and around to Sidon,
  7and came to the stronghold of Tyre and to all the cities of the Hivites and of the Canaanites; and they went out to the south of Judah at Beer-sheba.

8So when they had gone back and forth through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.
  9Joab gave up the sum of the numbering of the people to the king, and there were in Israel 800,000 valiant men who drew the sword, and the men of Judah were 500,000 men.

Yahweh's Judgment of David's Sin

10David’s heart struck him after that he had numbered the people. David said to Yahweh, “I have sinned greatly in what I have done. But now, Yahweh, put away, I beg you, the iniquity of your servant; for I have done very foolishly.”

11When David rose up in the morning, the word of Yahweh came to the prophet Gad, David’s seer, saying,
  12“Go and speak to David, ‘This is what Yahweh says: “I offer you three things. Choose one of them, that I may do it to you.”’”

13So Gad came to David and told him, and said to him, “Should seven years of famine come to you in your land? Or will you flee three months before your foes while they pursue you? Or will there be three days’ pestilence in your land? Now answer, and consider what answer I should return to him who sent me.”

14David said to Gad, “I am in distress. Let us fall now into the hand of Yahweh, for his mercies are great. Let me not fall into the hand of man.”

15So Yahweh sent a pestilence on Israel from the morning even to the appointed time; and there died of the people from Dan even to Beer-sheba 70,000 men.
  16When the angel stretched out his hand toward Jerusalem to destroy it, Yahweh relented of the disaster, and said to the angel who destroyed the people, “It is enough. Now stay your hand.” The angel of Yahweh was by the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.

17David spoke to Yahweh when he saw the angel who struck the people, and said, “Behold, I have sinned and I have done perversely; but these sheep, what have they done? Please let your hand be against me and against my father’s house.”

David Builds an Altar

18Gad came that day to David, and said to him, “Go up, build an altar to Yahweh on the threshing floor of Araunah the Jebusite.”
  19David went up according to the saying of Gad, as Yahweh commanded.
  20Araunah looked out and saw the king and his servants coming on toward him. Then Araunah went out and bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground.

21Araunah said, “Why has my lord the king come to his servant?”

David said, “To buy your threshing floor to build an altar to Yahweh, that the plague may be stopped from afflicting the people.”

22Araunah said to David, “Let my lord the king take and offer up what seems good to him. Behold, the cattle for the burnt offering and the threshing instruments and the yokes of the oxen for the wood;
  23all this, king, does Araunah give to the king.” Araunah said to the king, “May Yahweh your God accept you.”

24The king said to Araunah, “No, but I will most certainly buy it from you for a price. I will not offer burnt offerings to Yahweh my God that cost me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver.
  25David built an altar to Yahweh there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So Yahweh was entreated for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.

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