2 Samuel Chapter 23  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 23
 
The Last Words of David

1Now these are the last words of David. David the son of Jesse says, the man who was raised on high says, the anointed of the God of Jacob, the sweet psalmist of Israel:
  2“The spirit of Yahweh spoke by me. His word was on my tongue.
  3The God of Israel said; the Rock of Israel spoke to me, ‘One who rules over people righteously, who rules in the fear of God,
  4is like the light of the morning when the sun rises, a morning without clouds, when through bright shining after a rain, the tender vegetation springs out of the earth.
 

5Is it not so with my house before God? For he has made an everlasting covenant with me, arranged and secured in all its details, for it is all my salvation and all my desire. Will he not make it grow?
  6But all the sons of Belial will be as thorns to be thrust away, because they cannot be taken with the hand,
  7But the man who touches them must be armed with iron and the staff of a spear. They will be burned, yes, burned with fire completely.”
 

David’s Mighty Men

8These are the names of the mighty men whom David had: Josheb Basshebeth, a Tahchemonite, head of the Three. He wielded his speara against 800 slain at one time.
 

9After him was Eleazar the son of Dodai the son of an Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the Philistines who were there gathered together to battle and the men of Israel had withdrawn.
  10He arose and struck down the Philistines until his hand was weary and his hand clung to the sword. And Yahweh worked a great victory that day, and the people returned, following after him only to take spoil.
 

11After him was Shammah the son of Agee a Hararite. The Philistines were gathered together into a troop where there was a plot of ground full of lentils, and the people fled from the Philistines,
  12but he took a stand in the middle of the plot and defended it, and struck down the Philistines; and Yahweh worked a great victory.
 

13And three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David at the harvest time to the cave of Adullam, and the troop of the Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.
  14Now David was then in the stronghold and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
  15And David longed and said, “Oh that one would give me water to drink of the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!”
  16The three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate, and carried it and brought it to David, but he would not drink it, but poured it out to Yahweh.
  17He said, “Be it far from me, Yahweh, that I should do this! Is it not the blood of the men who went out at the risk of their lives?” So he would not drink it. The three mighty men did these things.
 

18Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was head of the three.b He lifted up his spear against 300 and killed them, and so he had a name among the three.
  19Was he not honored among the three? So he was made their commander, even though he was not one of the three.
 

20Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel who had done mighty deeds, he struck down the two sons of Ariel of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in the middle of a pit in time of snow.
  21He struck down an Egyptian, an impressive–looking man, and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand but he went down to him with a staff and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear.
  22Benaiah the son of Jehoiada did these things and had a name among the three mighty men.
  23He was honored among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.
 

24Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,
  25Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
  26Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
  27Abiezer the Anathothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,
  28Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,
  29Heleb the son of Baanah the Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,
  30Benaiah a Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash;
  31Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,
  32Eliahba the Shaalbonite, the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,
  33Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Ararite,
  34Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maacathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,
  35Hezro the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,
  36Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,
  37Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, armor–bearers to Joab the son of Zeruiah,
  38Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,
  39Uriah the Hittite: 37 in all.
 


a[8]
As per some Heb. MSS and some LXX MSS.
b[18]
Some MSS read “thirty”

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