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Solomon’s Request for Wisdom

1Solomon the son of David was strengthened in his kingdom, and Yahweh his God was with him and magnified him exceedingly.
  2Solomon spoke to all Israel, to the captains of thousands and of hundreds and to the judges and to every ruler in all Israel, the heads of the fathers’ households.
  3So Solomon and all the assembly with him went to the high place that was at Gibeon, for there was the Tent of Meeting of God, which Moses the servant of Yahweh had made in the wilderness.
  4But David had brought the ark of God up from Kiriath Jearim to the place that David had prepared for it, for he had pitched a tent for it at Jerusalem.
  5Moreover the bronze altar that Bezalel the son of Uri the son of Hur had made was there before the tabernacle of Yahweh, and Solomon and the assembly were seeking counsel there.
  6Solomon went up there to the bronze altar before Yahweh, which was at the Tent of Meeting, and offered 1,000 burnt offerings on it.
 

7In that night God appeared to Solomon and said to him, “Ask what I should give you.”
 

8Solomon said to God, “You have shown great loving kindness to David my father and have made me king in his place.
  9Now, Yahweh God, let your promise to David my father be established, for you have made me king over a people like the dust of the earth in multitude.
  10Now give me wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people; for who can judge this your people that is so great?”
 

11God said to Solomon, “Because this was in your heart and you have not asked riches, wealth, or honor, nor the life of those who hate you, neither yet have asked long life, but have asked wisdom and knowledge for yourself, that you may judge my people over whom I have made you king,
  12wisdom and knowledge is granted to you. I will give you riches, wealth, and honor, such as none of the kings have had who have been before you; neither will there any after you have the like.”
  13So Solomon came from the high place that was at Gibeon, from before the Tent of Meeting to Jerusalem, and he reigned over Israel.
 

Solomon’s Horses and Wealth

14Solomon gathered chariots and horsemen and he had 1,400 chariots and 12,000 horsemen that he placed in the chariot cities and with the king at Jerusalem.
  15The king made silver and gold to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycamore trees that are in the lowland for abundance.
  16The horses that Solomon had were brought out of Egypt and from Kue; the king’s merchants purchased them from Kue.
  17They brought up and brought out of Egypt a chariot for 600 pieces of silver and a horse for 150: and so for all the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of Syria, they brought them out by their means.
 


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Solomon’s Letter to Hiram

1Now Solomon purposed to build a house for the name of Yahweh and a house for his kingdom.
  2Solomon counted out 70,000 men to carry burdens and 80,000 men who were stone cutters in the mountains, and 3,600 to oversee them.
 

3Solomon sent to Huram the king of Tyre, saying,

“As you dealt with David my father and sent him cedars to build him a house in which to dwell, so deal with me.
  4Behold, I am about to build a house for the name of Yahweh my God, to dedicate it to him and to turn incense of sweet spices into smoke-perfume before him, and for the regular Bread of the Presence and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the Sabbaths and on the new moons and on the set feasts of Yahweh our God. This is an ordinance forever to Israel.
  5The house that I build is great; for our God is great above all gods.
  6But who is able to build him a house, since heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain him? Who am I then, that I should build him a house, except just to turn incense into smoke-perfume before him?
  7Now therefore send me a man skillful to work in gold, and in silver, and in bronze, and in iron, and in purple and crimson and blue, and who knows how to engrave engravings, to be with the skillful men who are with me in Judah and in Jerusalem whom David my father provided.
  8Send me also cedar trees, fir trees, and algum trees out of Lebanon, for I know that your servants know how to cut timber in Lebanon: and behold, my servants will be with your servants,
  9even to prepare me timber in abundance; for the house that I am about to build will be great and wonderful.
  10Behold, I will give to your servants, the cutters who cut timber, 20,000 measures of beaten wheat and 20,000 measures of barley, and 20,000 baths of wine, and 20,000 baths of oil.”

Hiram’s Reply

11Then Huram the king of Tyre answered in writing that he sent to Solomon,

“Because Yahweh loves his people, he has made you king over them.”

12Huram continued,

“Blessed be Yahweh the God of Israel that made heaven and earth, who has given to David the king a wise son, endowed with discretion and understanding, that should build a house for Yahweh and a house for his kingdom.
  13Now I have sent a skillful man, endowed with understanding, of Huram my father‘s,
  14the son of a woman of the daughters of Dan; and his father was a man of Tyre, skillful to work in gold and in silver, in bronze, in iron, in stone and in timber, in purple, in blue and in fine linen and in crimson, also to engrave any kind of engraving and to devise any device, that there may be a place appointed to him with your skillful men and with the skillful men of my lord David your father.
  15Now therefore the wheat and the barley, the oil and the wine that my lord has spoken of, let him send to his servants:
  16and we will cut wood out of Lebanon, as much as you will need, and we will bring it to you in floats by sea to Joppa; and you can carry it up to Jerusalem.”

Solomon’s Work Force

17Solomon numbered all the foreigners who were in the land of Israel according to the numbering with which David his father had numbered them, and they were found 153,600.
  18He set 70,000 of them to carry burdens and 80,000 who were stone cutters in the mountains, and 3,600 overseers to set the people at work.
 


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Building the Temple

1Then Solomon began to build the house of Yahweh at Jerusalem on Mount Moriah where Yahweh appeared to David his father, which he prepared in the place that David had appointed in the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.
  2He began to build in the second day of the second month in the fourth year of his reign.
  3Now these are the foundations that Solomon laid for the building of God’s house. The length by cubits according to the first measure was sixty cubits and the breadth twenty cubits.
  4The porch that was in front, its length, according to the breadth of the house, was twenty cubits, and the height 120, and he overlaid it inside with pure gold.
  5The greater house he made a ceiling with fir wood that he overlaid with fine gold, and ornamented it with palm trees and chains.
  6He garnished the house with precious stones for beauty, and the gold was gold of Parvaim.
  7He overlaid also the house, the beams, the thresholds, and its walls and its doors with gold, and engraved cherubim on the walls.
 

The Most Holy Place

8He made the most holy house; its length, according to the breadth of the house, was twenty cubits, and its breadth twenty cubits, and he overlaid it with fine gold amounting to 600 talents.
  9The weight of the nails was fifty shekels of gold. He overlaid the upper rooms with gold.
 

10In the most holy house he made two cherubim of image work and they overlaid them with gold.
  11The wings of the cherubim were twenty cubits long; the wing of the one was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house, and the other wing was five cubits, reaching to the wing of the other cherub.
  12The wing of the other cherub was five cubits, reaching to the wall of the house, and the other wing was five cubits, joining to the wing of the other cherub.
  13The wings of these cherubim spread themselves out twenty cubits, and they stood on their feet and their faces were toward the main room.
 

14He made the veil of blue and purple and crimson and fine linen, and ornamented it with cherubim.
 

The Bronze Pillars

15Also he made before the house two pillars of 35 cubits high, and the capital that was on the top of each of them was five cubits.
  16He made chains in the oracle and put them on the tops of the pillars, and he made 100 pomegranates and put them on the chains.
  17He set up the pillars before the temple, one on the right hand and the other on the left, and called the name of that on the right hand Jachin and the name of that on the left Boaz.
 


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The Altar, Reservoir, and Basins

1Then he made an altar of bronze, twenty cubits its length and twenty cubits its breadth and ten cubits its height.
 

2Also he made a “sea” of cast metal, ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and its height was five cubits and a line of thirty cubits encircled it.
  3Under it was the likeness of oxen, that encircled it for ten cubits, encircling the sea. The oxen were in two rows, cast when it was cast.
  4It stood on 12 oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east; and the sea was set on them above, and all their hindquarters were inward.
  5It was a handbreadth thick and its brim was worked like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily; it received and held 3,000 baths.
 

6He made also ten basins and put five on the right hand and five on the left, to wash in them; such things as belonged to the burnt offering they washed in them, but the sea was for the priests to wash in.
 

The Lampstands, Tables, and Courts

7He made the ten lampstands of gold according to the ordinance concerning them, and he set them in the temple, five on the right hand and five on the left.
  8He made also ten tables and placed them in the temple, five on the right side and five on the left. He made 100 basins of gold.
 

9Furthermore he made the court of the priests and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid their doors with bronze.
  10He set the sea on the right side of the house eastward, toward the south.
  11Huram made the pots and the shovels and the basins.

Completion of the Bronze Furnishings

So Huram made an end of doing the work that he did for king Solomon in God’s house:
  12the two pillars and the bowls, and the two capitals that were on the top of the pillars, and the two networks to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars,
  13and the 400 pomegranates for the two networks, two rows of pomegranates for each network to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the pillars.
  14He made also the bases, and the basins made he on the bases;
  15one sea, and the 12 oxen under it.
  16Huram his father also made the pots, the shovels, the forks and all its vessels for king Solomon for the house of Yahweh of bright bronze.
  17The king cast them in the plain of the Jordan, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredah.
  18Thus Solomon made all these vessels in great abundance, for the weight of the bronze could not be found out.
 

Completion of the Gold Furnishings

19Solomon made all the vessels that were in God’s house, the golden altar also, and the tables with the Bread of the Presence on them
  20and the lampstands with their lamps, to burn according to the ordinance before the oracle, of pure gold;
  21and the flowers and the lamps and the tongs of gold, and that perfect gold;
  22and the snuffers and the basins and the spoons and the fire pans, of pure gold: and as for the entry of the house, the inner doors of it for the most holy place, and the doors of the main hall of the temple were of gold.
 


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1Thus all the work that Solomon did for the house of Yahweh was finished. Solomon brought in the things that David his father had dedicated, even the silver and the gold and all the vessels, and put them in the treasuries of the house of God.
 

Preparations for the Temple Dedication

2Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the leaders of the fathers’ households of the children of Israel, to Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh out of the city of David which is Zion.
  3And all the men of Israel assembled themselves to the king at the feast that was in the seventh month.
 

4All the elders of Israel came, and the Levites took up the ark,
  5and they brought up the ark and the Tent of Meeting and all the holy vessels that were in the Tent; these the priests the Levites brought up.
  6King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel that were assembled to him were before the ark, sacrificing sheep and cattle that could not be counted nor numbered for multitude.
  7The priests brought in the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to its place, into the oracle of the house to the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubim.
  8For the cherubim spread out their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubim covered the ark and its poles from above.
  9The poles were so long that the ends of the poles were seen from the ark before the oracle, but they were not seen outside; and there it is to this day.
  10There was nothing in the ark except the two tables that Moses put at Horeb when Yahweh cut a covenant with the children of Israel when they came out of Egypt.
 

11It came to pass, when the priests had come out of the holy place (for all the priests who were present had sanctified themselves and didn’t keep their divisions;
  12also the Levites who were the singers, all of them, even Asaph, Heman, Jeduthun, and their sons and their brothers, arrayed in fine linen, with cymbals and stringed instruments and harps, stood at the east end of the altar, and with them 120 priests sounding with trumpets)
  13it came to pass, when the trumpeters and singers were as one to make one sound to be heard in praising and thanking Yahweh, and when they lifted up their voice with the trumpets and cymbals and instruments of music, and praised Yahweh, saying,

 “For he is good;

 for his loving kindness endures forever!”

that then the house was filled with a cloud, even the house of Yahweh, 14so that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud; for the glory of Yahweh filled God’s house.
 


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Solomon’s Dedication of the Temple

1Then Solomon said,

 “Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

 2 But I have built you a house of habitation

 and a place for you to dwell in forever.”

3The king turned his face and blessed all the assembly of Israel, and all the assembly of Israel stood.
  4He said,

 “Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel,

 who spoke with his mouth to David my father

 and has with his hands

 fulfilled it, saying,

 5 ‘Since the day that I brought forth my people

 out of the land of Egypt,

 I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel

 to build a house in,

 that my name might be there,

 neither chose I any man

 to be ruler over my people Israel;

 6 but I have chosen Jerusalem,

 that my name might be there,

 and have chosen David

 to be over my people Israel.’

 
7 
“Now it was in the heart of David my father

 to build a house for the name of Yahweh the God of Israel.

 8 But Yahweh said to David my father,

 ‘Whereas it was in your heart to build a house for my name,

 you did well that it was in your heart;

 9 nevertheless you will not build the house,

 but your son who will come forth out of your body,

 he will build the house for my name.’

 10 Yahweh has performed his word that he spoke,

 for I have risen up in the place of David my father

 and sit on the throne of Israel, as Yahweh promised,

 and have built the house for the name of Yahweh the God of Israel.

 11 There I have set the ark,

 in which is the covenant of Yahweh

 that he made with the children of Israel.”

Solomon’s Prayer

12He stood before the altar of Yahweh in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands
  13(for Solomon had made a bronze scaffold, five cubits long, and five cubits wide, and three cubits high, and had set it in the middle of the court; and on it he stood and kneeled down on his knees before all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven)
  14and he said,

 “Yahweh, the God of Israel,

 there is no God like you,

 in heaven or on earth;

 you who keep your covenant and covenant faithfulness

 with your servants, who walk before you

 with all their heart,

 15 who have kept with your servant David my father

 what you promised him;

 yes, you spoke with your mouth

 and have fulfilled it with your hand

 as it is this day.

 16 So now may Yahweh the God of Israel

 keep with your servant David my father

 what you have promised him, saying,

 ‘You will not fail to have a man sit in my sight on the throne of Israel,

 if only your children pay close attention to their way to walk before me

 as you have walked before me.’

 17 Now therefore Yahweh, the God of Israel,

 let your word be verified that you spoke to your servant David.

 
18 
“But will God indeed dwell with men on the earth?

 Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain you;

 how much less this house that I have built!

 19 Yet have respect for the prayer of your servant and to his supplication,

 Yahweh my God,

 to listen to the cry and to the prayer

 that your servant prays before you,

 20 that your eyes may be open toward this house

 day and night,

 even toward the place where you have said

 that you would put your name,

 to listen to the prayer

 that your servant will pray toward this place.

 21 Listen to the petitions of your servant

 and of your people Israel,

 when they will pray toward this place:

 yes, hear from your dwelling place, even from heaven;

 and when you hear, forgive.

 
22 
“If a man sins against his neighbor

 and an oath is laid on him to cause him to swear,

 and he comes and swears

 before your altar in this house,

 23 then hear from heaven, and act,

 and judge your servants,

 bringing retribution to the wicked person

 by bringing his way on his own head,

 and declaring the righteous person to be righteous

 by rewarding him according to his righteousness.

 
24 
“If your people Israel be struck down before the enemy

 because they have sinned against you,

 and will turn again and confess your name

 and pray and make supplication

 before you in this house,

 25 then hear from heaven

 and forgive the sin of your people Israel,

 and bring them again to the land

 that you gave to them and to their fathers.

 
26 
“When heaven is shut up and there is no rain,

 because they have sinned against you,

 if they pray toward this place

 and confess your name,

 and turn from their sin

 when you afflict them,

 27 then hear in heaven,

 and forgive the sin of your servants

 and of your people Israel,

 when you teach them the good way

 in which they should walk;

 and send rain on your land

 that you have given to your people for an inheritance.

 
28 
“If there is famine in the land,

 if there is pestilence,

 if there is blight or mildew, locust or caterpillar;

 if their enemies besiege them

 in the land of their cities,

 whatever plague or whatever sickness there is,

 29 whatever prayer and supplication is made

 by any man or by all your people Israel,

 who will know every man his own plague

 and his own sorrow and spreads out his hands toward this house,

 30 then hear from heaven your dwelling place

 and forgive, and render to every man

 according to all his ways whose heart you know

 (for you, even you only, know the hearts of the children of men)

 31 that they may fear you,

 to walk in your ways

 so long as they live in the land

 that you gave to our fathers.

 
32 
“Moreover concerning the foreigner who is not of your people Israel,

 when he will come from a far country

 for your great name’s sake

 and your mighty hand and your outstretched arm,

 when they will come and pray toward this house,

 33 then hear from heaven, even from your dwelling place,

 and do according to all that the foreigner calls to you for,

 that all the peoples of the earth may know your name

 and fear you, as does your people Israel,

 and that they may know that this house that I have built

 is called by your name.

 
34 
“If your people go out to battle against their enemies,

 by whatever way you will send them,

 and they pray to you

 toward this city that you have chosen

 and the house that I have built for your name,

 35 then hear from heaven their prayer and their supplication,

 and maintain their cause.

 
36 
“If they sin against you

 (for there is no man who doesn’t sin)

 and you are angry with them

 and deliver them to the enemy,

 so that they carry them away captive

 to a land far off or near,

 37 yet if they will repent themselves

 in the land where they are carried captive,

 and turn again and make supplication to you in the land of their captivity,

 saying, ‘We have sinned, we have done perversely

 and have dealt wickedly,’

 38 if they return to you with all their heart and with all their soul

 in the land of their captivity where they have carried them captive,

 and pray toward their land

 that you gave to their fathers,

 and the city that you have chosen,

 and toward the house that I have built for your name:

 39 then hear from heaven, even from your dwelling place,

 their prayer and their petitions,

 and maintain their cause,

 and forgive your people

 who have sinned against you.

 
40 
“Now, my God,

 let, I beg you, your eyes be open,

 and let your ears be attentive

 to the prayer that is made in this place.

 
41 
“Now therefore arise, Yahweh God,

 into your resting place,

 you and the ark of your strength;

 let your priests, Yahweh God, be clothed with salvation,

 and let your saints rejoice in goodness.

 42 Yahweh God, do not turn away the face of your anointed.

 Remember your loving kindnesses to David your servant.”


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The Dedication Ceremonies

1Now when Solomon had made an end of praying, the fire came down from heaven and consumed the burnt offering and the sacrifices, and the glory of Yahweh filled the house.
  2The priests could not enter into the house of Yahweh because the glory of Yahweh filled Yahweh’s house.
  3All the children of Israel looked on when the fire came down and the glory of Yahweh was on the house, and they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground on the pavement, and worshiped, and gave thanks to Yahweh, saying,

 “For he is good;

 for his loving kindness endures forever.”

 

4Then the king and all the people offered sacrifice before Yahweh.
  5King Solomon offered a sacrifice of 22,000 head of cattle and a 120,000 sheep. So the king and all the people dedicated God’s house.
  6The priests stood according to their positions, the Levites also with instruments of music of Yahweh that David the king had made to give thanks to Yahweh when David praised by their ministry, saying “For his loving kindness endures forever.” The priests sounded trumpets before them and all Israel stood.
  7Moreover Solomon made the middle of the court holy that was before the house of Yahweh, for there he offered the burnt offerings and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze altar that Solomon had made was not able to receive the burnt offering and the grain offering and the fat.
 

8So Solomon held the feast at that time seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great assembly from Lebo-hamath to the Brook of Egypt.
  9On the eighth day they held a solemn assembly, for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days and the feast seven days.
  10On the 23rd day of the seventh month he sent the people away to their tents, joyful and glad of heart for the goodness that Yahweh had shown to David and to Solomon and to Israel his people.
 

11Thus Solomon finished the house of Yahweh and the king’s house; and he successfully completed all that came into Solomon’s heart to make in the house of Yahweh and in his own house.
 

Yahweh’s Response

12Yahweh appeared to Solomon by night and said to him,

“I have heard your prayer and have chosen this place to myself for a house of sacrifice.
  13If I shut up the heavens so that there is no rain, or if I command the locust to devour the land or if I send pestilence among my people,
  14if my people who are called by my name will humble themselves and pray, and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then will I hear from heaven and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.
  15Now my eyes will be open and my ears attentive to the prayer that is made in this place.
  16For now have I chosen and made this house holy, that my name may be there forever; and my eyes and my heart will be there perpetually.
 

17“As for you, if you will walk before me as David your father walked and do according to all that I have commanded you and will keep my statutes and my ordinances,
  18then I will establish the throne of your kingdom according as I covenanted with David your father, saying, ‘There will not fail you a man to be ruler in Israel.’
 

19“But if you turn away and forsake my statutes and my commandments that I have set before you, and will go and serve other gods and worship them,
  20then I will pluck them up by the roots out of my land that I have given them; and this house, which I have made holy for my name, I will cast out of my sight, and I will make it a proverb and a byword among all peoples.
  21This house that is so high, everyone who passes by it will be astonished, and will say, ‘Why has Yahweh done thus to this land and to this house?’
  22They will answer, ‘Because they abandoned Yahweh the God of their fathers who brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and took other gods worshiped them, and served them. Therefore he has brought all this evil on them.’”


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Solomon’s Later Building Projects

1It came to pass at the end of twenty years in which Solomon had built the house of Yahweh and his own house
  2that the cities that Huram had given to Solomon, Solomon built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there.
  3Solomon went to Hamath Zobah and prevailed against it.
  4He built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the storage cities that he built in Hamath.
  5Also he built Beth Horon the upper and Beth Horon the lower, fortified cities with walls, gates, and bars;
  6and Baalath, and all the storage cities that Solomon had, and all the cities for his chariots, and the cities for his horsemen and all that Solomon desired to build for his pleasure in Jerusalem and in Lebanon and in all the land of his dominion.
 

7As for all the people who were left of the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites who were not of Israel,
  8of their children who were left after them in the land whom the children of Israel didn’t consume, of them Solomon conscripted forced labor to this day.
  9But of the children of Israel, Solomon made no servants for his work; but they were men of war and chief of his captains and rulers of his chariots and of his horsemen.
  10These were the chief officers of king Solomon, even 250 who ruled over the people.
 

11Solomon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out of the city of David to the house that he had built for her, for he said, “My wife must not dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places where the ark of Yahweh has come are holy.”
 

Public Worship Established at the Temple

12Then Solomon offered burnt offerings to Yahweh on the altar of Yahweh that he had built before the porch,
  13even as the duty of every day required, offering according to the commandment of Moses on the Sabbaths and on the new moons and on the set feasts, three times in the year, in the Feast of Unleavened Bread and in the Feast of Weeks and in the Feast of Booths.
  14He appointed, according to the ordinance of David his father, the divisions of the priests to their service and the Levites to their offices, to praise and to minister before the priests as the duty of every day required; the doorkeepers also by their divisions at every gate, for so had David the man of God commanded.
  15They didn’t depart from the commandment of the king to the priests and Levites concerning any matter or concerning the treasures.
  16Now all the work of Solomon was prepared to the day of the foundation of the house of Yahweh and until it was finished. So the house of Yahweh was completed.
 

Solomon’s Fleet

17Then went Solomon to Ezion Geber and to Eloth on the seashore in the land of Edom.
  18Huram sent him ships and servants who had knowledge of the sea by the hands of his servants, and they came with the servants of Solomon to Ophir and fetched from there 450 talents of gold and brought them to king Solomon.
 


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The Queen of Sheba

1When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great train and camels that carried spices and gold in abundance, and precious stones; and when she had come to Solomon, she talked with him of all that was in her heart.
  2Solomon told her all her questions, and there was not anything hidden from Solomon that he didn’t tell her.
  3When the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon and the house that he had built
  4and the food of his table, and the sitting of his servants and the attendance of his ministers, and their clothing, his cup bearers also and their clothing, and his ascent by which he went up to the house of Yahweh, there was no more spirit in her.
 

5She said to the king, “It was a true report that I heard in my own land of your acts and of your wisdom.
  6However I didn’t believe their words until I came and my eyes had seen it; and behold, the half of the greatness of your wisdom was not told me; you exceed the fame that I heard.
  7Happy are your men and happy are these your servants who stand continually before you and hear your wisdom.
  8Blessed be Yahweh your God who delighted in you, to set you on his throne, to be king for Yahweh your God; because your God loved Israel to establish them forever, therefore made he you king over them, to do justice and righteousness.”
 

9She gave the king 120 talents of gold, and spices in great abundance, and precious stones; neither was there any such spice as the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.
  10The servants also of Huram and the servants of Solomon, who brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones.
  11The king made of the algum trees terraces for the house of Yahweh and for the king’s house, and harps and stringed instruments for the singer; and there were none like these seen before in the land of Judah.
 

12King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatever she asked, besides what she had brought to the king. So she turned and went to her own land, she and her servants.
 

Solomon’s Wealth

13Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was 666 talents of gold,
  14besides what the traders and merchants brought; and all the kings of Arabia and the governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.
 

15King Solomon made 200 bucklers of beaten gold; 600 shekels of beaten gold went to one buckler.
  16He made 300 shields of beaten gold; 300 shekels of gold went to one shield, and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.
 

17Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with pure gold.
  18And there were six steps to the throne, with a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and stays on either side by the place of the seat, and two lions standing beside the stays.
  1912 lions stood there on the one side and on the other on the six steps; there was nothing like it made in any kingdom.
 

20All king Solomon’s drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; silver was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon.
  21For the king had ships that went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram; once every three years came the ships of Tarshish, bringing gold and silver, ivory and apes and peacocks.
 

22So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom.
  23All the kings of the earth sought the presence of Solomon to hear his wisdom that God had put in his heart.
  24They brought every man his tribute, vessels of silver and vessels of gold, and clothing, armor and spices, horses and mules, a rate year by year.
 

25Solomon had 4,000 stalls for horses and chariots and 12,000 horsemen that he stationed in the chariot cities and with the king at Jerusalem.
  26He ruled over all the kings from the River even to the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt.
  27The king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and he made cedars to be as the sycamore trees that are in the lowland for abundance.
  28They brought horses for Solomon out of Egypt and out of all lands.
 

Solomon’s Death

29Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, aren’t they written in the history of Nathan the prophet and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer concerning Jeroboam the son of Nebat?
  30Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years.
  31Solomon slept with his fathers, and he was buried in the city of David his father; and Rehoboam his son reigned in his place.
 


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The Kingdom Divided

1Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king.
  2It came to pass when Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard of it (for he was in Egypt, where he had fled from the presence of king Solomon), that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt.
  3They sent and called him, and Jeroboam and all Israel came, and they spoke to Rehoboam, saying,
  4“Your father made our yoke grievous; now therefore make you the grievous service of your father, and his heavy yoke that he put on us, lighter, and we will serve you.”
 

5He said to them, “Come again to me after three days.” The people departed.
 

6King Rehoboam took counsel with the old men who had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, “What counsel do you give me to return answer to this people?”
 

7They spoke to him, saying, “If you are kind to this people and please them, and speak good words to them, then they will be your servants forever.”
 

8But he forsook the counsel of the old men that they had given him, and took counsel with the young men who had grown up with him, who stood before him.
  9He said to them, “What counsel do you give, that we may return answer to this people who have spoken to me, saying, ‘Make the yoke that your father put on us lighter?’”
 

10The young men who had grown up with him spoke to him, saying, “Thus you should tell the people who spoke to you, saying, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, but make it lighter on us,’ thus you should say to them: ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s waist.
  11Now whereas my father burdened you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke. My father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.’”
 

12So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day as the king asked, saying, “Come to me again the third day.”
  13The king answered them roughly, and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old men
  14and spoke to them according to the counsel of the young men, saying, “My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to it. My father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.”
 

15So the king didn’t listen to the people; for it was brought about of God, that Yahweh might establish his word that he spoke by Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
 

16When all Israel saw that the king didn’t listen to them, the people answered the king, saying,

 “What portion have we in David?

 Neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse!

 Every man to your tents, Israel!

 Now see to your own house, David.”

So all Israel departed to their tents. 17But as for the children of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.
 

18Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram, who was over the men subject to forced labor; and the children of Israel stoned him to death with stones. King Rehoboam made speed to get himself up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
  19So Israel rebelled against the house of David to this day.
 


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Rehoboam in Jerusalem

1When Rehoboam had come to Jerusalem, he assembled the house of Judah and Benjamin, 180,000 chosen men who were warriors, to fight against Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam.
  2But the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying,
  3“Speak to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying,
  4‘This is what Yahweh says: “You are not to go up, nor fight against your brothers! Return every man to his house; for this thing is of me.”

So they listened to the words of Yahweh and returned from going against Jeroboam.
 

Judah’s King Rehoboam

5Rehoboam lived in Jerusalem and fortified cities for defense in Judah.
  6He built up Bethlehem and Etam and Tekoa,
  7Beth Zur, and Soco, and Adullam,
  8and Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph,
  9and Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah,
  10and Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin, fortified cities.
  11He fortified the strongholds and put captains in them, and stores of food and oil and wine.
  12He put shields and spears in every city and made them exceeding strong. Judah and Benjamin belonged to him.
 

13The priests and the Levites who were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their border.
  14For the Levites left their open land and their possession and came to Judah and Jerusalem, for Jeroboam and his sons cast them off, that they should not execute the priest’s office to Yahweh;
  15and he appointed him priests for the high places, and for the goat-demons and for the calves that he had made.
  16After them, out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek Yahweh the God of Israel, came to Jerusalem to sacrifice to Yahweh the God of their fathers.
  17So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years; for they walked three years in the way of David and Solomon.
 

18Rehoboam took him a wife, Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David, and of Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse;
  19and she bore him sons: Jeush, and Shemariah, and Zaham.
  20After her he took Maacah the daughter of Absalom, and she bore him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith.
  21Rehoboam loved Maacah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines (for he took 18 wives and sixty concubines and became the father of 28 sons and sixty daughters).
 

22Rehoboam appointed Abijah the son of Maacah to be head and leader among his brothers, for he intended to make him king.
  23He dealt wisely and dispersed of all his sons throughout all the lands of Judah and Benjamin, to every fortified city, and he gave them food in abundance. He sought for them many wives.
 


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Shishak’s Invasion

1It came to pass, when the kingdom of Rehoboam was established, and he was strong, that he forsook the law of Yahweh, and all Israel with him.
  2It came to pass in the fifth year of king Rehoboam that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem because they had trespassed against Yahweh,
  3with 1,200 chariots and 60,000 horsemen. The people were without number who came with him out of Egypt: the Lubim, the Sukkiim, and the Ethiopians.
  4He took the fortified cities that pertained to Judah and came to Jerusalem.
 

5Now Shemaiah the prophet came to Rehoboam and to the officials of Judah who were gathered together to Jerusalem because of Shishak, and said to them, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘You have forsaken me, therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak.’”
 

6Then the officials of Israel and the king humbled themselves and they said, “Yahweh is righteous.”
 

7When Yahweh saw that they humbled themselves, the word of Yahweh came to Shemaiah, saying, “They have humbled themselves. I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some deliverance, and my wrath will not be poured out on Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak.
  8Nevertheless they will be his servants, that they may know my service, and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.”
 

9So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem and took away the treasures of the house of Yahweh and the treasures of the king’s house. He took it all away. He also took away the shields of gold that Solomon had made.
  10King Rehoboam made in their place shields of bronze and committed them to the hands of the captains of the guard who kept the entrance of the king’s house.
  11It was so that as often as the king entered into the house of Yahweh, the guard came and carried them and brought them back into the guard room.
  12When he humbled himself, the wrath of Yahweh turned from him so as not to destroy him altogether; and moreover in Judah there were good things found.
 

Rehoboam’s Last Days

13So king Rehoboam strengthened himself in Jerusalem, and reigned: for Rehoboam was 41 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 17 years in Jerusalem, the city that Yahweh had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel to put his name there; and his mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess.
  14He did what was evil, because he didn’t set his heart to seek Yahweh.
 

15Now the acts of Rehoboam, first and last, aren’t they written in the histories of Shemaiah the prophet and of Iddo the seer according to the way of genealogies? There were wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually.
  16Rehoboam slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David, and Abijah his son reigned in his place.
 


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Judah’s King Abijah

1In the 18th year of king Jeroboam, Abijah began to reign over Judah.
  2He reigned three years in Jerusalem, and his mother’s name was Micaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah.

There was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.
  3Abijah set his army in order, having valiant men of war, even 400,000 chosen men; and Jeroboam set his army in order against him, having 800,000 chosen men who were mighty men of valor.
  4Abijah stood up on Mount Zemaraim, which is in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, “Hear me, Jeroboam and all Israel:
  5do you not know that Yahweh, the God of Israel, gave the kingship over Israel to David forever, even to him and to his sons, by a covenant of salt?
  6Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, rose up and rebelled against his lord.
  7Worthless men, sons of Belial gathered around him who strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted and could not withstand them.
 

8“Now you think to withstand the kingdom of Yahweh which is in the hand of the sons of David, and you are a great multitude, and there are with you the golden calves that Jeroboam made you for gods.
  9Haven’t you driven out the priests of Yahweh, the sons of Aaron and the Levites, and made priests for yourselves according to the ways of the peoples of other lands? Whoever comes to ordain himself with a young bull and seven rams, the same can become a priest of those who are not gods.
 

10“But as for us, Yahweh is our God, and we have not forsaken him; and we have priests ministering to Yahweh, the sons of Aaron and the Levites in their work,
  11and every morning and every evening they turn burnt offerings and sweet incense into smoke-perfume to Yahweh. They also set the Bread of the Presence in order on the ceremonially clean table and the lampstand of gold with its lamps, to burn every evening, for we keep the instruction of Yahweh our God; but you have forsaken him.
  12Behold, God is with us at our head, and his priests with the trumpets of alarm to sound an alarm against you. Children of Israel, do not fight against Yahweh, the God of your fathers, for you will not prosper.”
 

13But Jeroboam caused an ambush to come about behind them, so they were before Judah and the ambush was behind them.
  14When Judah looked back, behold, the battle was before and behind them, and they cried out to Yahweh and the priests sounded with the trumpets.
  15Then the men of Judah gave a shout: and as the men of Judah shouted, it came to pass that God struck Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah.
  16The children of Israel fled before Judah, and God delivered them into their hand.
  17Abijah and his people killed them with a great slaughter, so there fell down slain of Israel 500,000 chosen men.
  18Thus the children of Israel were brought under at that time, and the children of Judah prevailed because they relied on Yahweh, the God of their fathers.
 

19Abijah pursued after Jeroboam and took cities from him, Bethel with its daughter-towns and Jeshanah with its daughter-towns and Ephron with its daughter-towns.
  20Jeroboam did not recover strength again in the days of Abijah. Yahweh struck him, and he died.
 

21But Abijah grew mighty and took to himself 14 wives and became the father of 22 sons, and 16 daughters.
  22The rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways and his sayings, are written in the commentary of the prophet Iddo.
 


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1So Abijah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David; and Asa his son reigned in his place. In his days the land was quiet ten years.
 

Judah’s King Asa

2Asa did what was good and right in the eyes of Yahweh his God,
  3for he took away the foreign altars and the high places, and broke down the standing stone, and cut down the Asherah poles,
  4and commanded Judah to seek Yahweh, the God of their fathers, and to do the law and the commandment.
  5Also he took away out of all the cities of Judah the high places and the sun images, and the kingdom was quiet before him.
 

6He built fortified cities in Judah; for the land was quiet, and he had no war in those years because Yahweh had given him rest.
  7For he said to Judah, “Let us build these cities and make walls around them, with towers, gates, and bars. The land is yet before us, because we have sought Yahweh our God; we have sought him, and he has given us rest on every side.” So they built and prospered.
 

The Cushite Invasion

8Asa had an army that carried bucklers and spears, out of Judah 300,000, and out of Benjamin, that bore shields and drew bows, 280,000: all these were mighty men of valor.
  9There came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an army of a 1,000,000 troops and 300 chariots; and he came to Mareshah.
  10Then Asa went out to meet him, and they set up battle formations in the valley of Zephathah at Mareshah.
 

11Asa cried out to Yahweh his God and said, “Yahweh, there is none besides you to help, between the mighty and him who has no strength. Help us, Yahweh our God, for we rely on you, and in your name are we come against this multitude. Yahweh, you are our God. Do not let man prevail against you.”
 

12So Yahweh struck the Ethiopians before Asa and before Judah, and the Ethiopians fled.
  13Asa and the people who were with him pursued them to Gerar, and there fell of the Ethiopians so many that they could not recover themselves; for they were destroyed before Yahweh and before his army, and they carried away very much booty.
  14They struck all the cities around Gerar, for the fear of Yahweh came on them; and they despoiled all the cities, for there was much spoil in them.
  15They struck also the tents of livestock and carried away sheep in abundance, and camels, and returned to Jerusalem.
 


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Revival Under Asa

1The spirit of God came on Azariah the son of Oded,
  2and he went out to meet Asa and said to him, “Hear me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin! Yahweh is with you while you are with him, and if you seek him, he will be found by you; but if you forsake him, he will forsake you.
  3Now for a long time Israel was without the true God and without a teaching priest and without law.
  4But when in their distress they turned to Yahweh the God of Israel and sought him, he was found by them.
  5In those times there was no peace to him who went out, nor to him who came in; but great troubles were on all the inhabitants of the lands.
  6They were broken in pieces, nation against nation and city against city, for God troubled them with all adversity.
  7But you be strong, and do not let your hands be slack, for your work will be rewarded.”
 

8When Asa heard these words and the prophecy of Oded the prophet, he took courage and put away the abominations out of all the land of Judah and Benjamin and out of the cities that he had taken from the hill country of Ephraim; and he renewed the altar of Yahweh that was before the porch of Yahweh.
  9He gathered all Judah and Benjamin and those who lived with them out of Ephraim and Manasseh and out of Simeon, for they fell to him out of Israel in abundance when they saw that Yahweh his God was with him.
 

10So they gathered themselves together at Jerusalem in the third month, in the 15th year of the reign of Asa.
  11They sacrificed to Yahweh in that day of the spoil that they had brought, 700 head of cattle and 7,000 sheep.
  12They entered into a covenant to seek Yahweh the God of their fathers with all their heart and with all their soul,
  13and that whoever would not seek Yahweh the God of Israel should be put to death, whether small or great, whether man or woman.
  14They swore to Yahweh with a loud voice and with shouting, and with trumpets and with cornets.
  15All Judah rejoiced at the oath, for they had sworn with all their heart and sought him with their whole desire, and he was found of them; and Yahweh gave them rest all around.
 

16Also Maacah, the mother of Asa the king, he removed from being queen-mother, because she had made an abominable image for an Asherah; and Asa cut down her image and made dust of it and burned it at the brook Kidron.
  17But the high places were not taken away out of Israel; nevertheless the heart of Asa was perfect all his days.
  18He brought into God’s house the things that his father had dedicated and that he himself had dedicated, silver and gold and vessels.
 

19There was no more war to the 35th year of the reign of Asa.
 


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Asa’s Treaty with Aram

1In the 36th year of the reign of Asa, Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not allow anyone to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
  2Then Asa brought out silver and gold out of the treasures of the house of Yahweh and of the king’s house and sent to Ben Hadad king of Syria who lived at Damascus, saying,
  3“Let there be a treaty between me and you, as there was between my father and your father. Behold, I have sent you silver and gold. Go, break your treaty with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me.”
 

4Ben Hadad listened to king Asa and sent the captains of his armies against the cities of Israel, and they struck Ijon, and Dan, and Abel Maim and all the storage cities of Naphtali.
  5It came to pass when Baasha heard of it, that he left off building Ramah and let his work cease.
  6Then Asa the king took all Judah, and they carried away the stones of Ramah and its timber with which Baasha had built; and he built with it Geba and Mizpah.
 

Hanani’s Rebuke of Asa

7At that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah and said to him, “Because you have relied on the king of Syria and have not relied on Yahweh your God, therefore is the army of the king of Syria escaped out of your hand.
  8Weren’t the Ethiopians and the Lubim a huge army, with chariots and horsemen exceeding many? Yet, because you relied on Yahweh, he delivered them into your hand.
  9For the eyes of Yahweh run back and forth throughout the whole earth to show himself strong in the behalf of them whose heart is perfect toward him. Herein you have done foolishly, for from henceforth you will have wars.”
  10Then Asa was angry with the seer, and put him in the prison; for he was in a rage with him because of this thing. Asa oppressed some of the people at the same time.
 

Asa’s Death

11Behold, the acts of Asa, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
  12In the 39th year of his reign Asa was diseased in his feet; his disease was exceeding great, yet in his disease he didn’t seek Yahweh, but turned to the physicians.
  13Asa slept with his fathers and died in the 41st year of his reign.
  14They buried him in his own tombs that he had dug out for himself in the city of David, and laid him in the bed that was filled with sweet odors and various kinds of spices prepared by the perfumers’ art; and they made a very great burning for him.
 


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Judah’s King Jehoshaphat

1Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his place and strengthened himself against Israel.
  2He placed forces in all the fortified cities of Judah and set garrisons in the land of Judah and in the cities of Ephraim, which Asa his father had taken.
 

3Yahweh was with Jehoshaphat because he walked in the first ways of his father David and didn’t seek the Baals,
  4but sought to the God of his father and walked in his commandments and not according to the doings of Israel.
  5Therefore Yahweh established the kingdom in his hand, and all Judah brought to Jehoshaphat tribute; and he had riches and honor in abundance.
  6His heart was lifted up in the ways of Yahweh: and furthermore he took away the high places and the Asherah poles out of Judah.
 

Jehoshaphat’s Educational Plan

7Also in the third year of his reign he sent his officials, even Ben Hail, and Obadiah, and Zechariah, and Nethanel, and Micaiah, to teach in the cities of Judah;
  8and with them the Levites, even Shemaiah, and Nethaniah, and Zebadiah, and Asahel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehonathan, and Adonijah, and Tobijah, and Tobadonijah, the Levites; and with them Elishama and Jehoram, the priests.
  9They taught in Judah, having the book of the law of Yahweh with them; and they went about throughout all the cities of Judah and taught among the people.
 

10The fear of Yahweh fell on all the kingdoms of the lands that were around Judah so that they made no war against Jehoshaphat.
  11Some of the Philistines brought Jehoshaphat presents and silver for tribute; the Arabians also brought him flocks, 7,700 rams and 7,700 male goats.
 

Jehoshaphat’s Military Might

12Jehoshaphat grew great exceedingly, and he built in Judah castles and cities of store.
  13He had many works in the cities of Judah and men of war, mighty men of valor, in Jerusalem.
  14This was the numbering of them according to their fathers’ houses: of Judah, the captains of thousands:

 Adnah the captain, and with him mighty men of valor 300,000;

15and next to him Jehohanan the captain, and with him 280,000;

16and next to him Amasiah the son of Zichri, who willingly offered himself to Yahweh; and with him 200,000 mighty men of valor.

17Of Benjamin: Eliada a mighty man of valor, and with him 200,000 armed with bow and shield;

18and next to him Jehozabad and with him 180,000 ready prepared for war.

19These were those who waited on the king, besides those whom the king put in the fortified cities throughout all Judah.
 


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Jehoshaphat’s Alliance with Ahab

1Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance, and he formed a marriage alliance with Ahab.
  2After certain years he went down to Ahab to Samaria. Ahab killed sheep and cattle for him in abundance, and for the people who were with him, and moved him to go up with him to Ramoth Gilead.
  3Ahab king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, “Will you go with me to Ramoth Gilead?”

He answered him, “I am as you are, and my people as your people. We will be with you in the war.”
  4Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please inquire first for the word of Yahweh.”
 

5Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, 400 men, and said to them, “Should we go to Ramoth Gilead to battle, or should I refrain?”

They said, “Go up, for God will deliver it into the hand of the king.”
 

6But Jehoshaphat said, “Isn’t there here a prophet of Yahweh besides, that we may inquire of him?”
 

7The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, but I hate him, for he never prophesies good concerning me, but always evil. He is Micaiah the son of Imla.”

Jehoshaphat said, “Do not let the king say so.”
 

8Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Get Micaiah the son of Imla quickly.”
 

9Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat each on his throne, arrayed in their robes, and they were sitting at a threshing-floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying before them.
  10Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron and said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘With these you will push the Syrians until they are consumed.’”
  11All the prophets prophesied so, saying, “Go up to Ramoth Gilead, and prosper; for Yahweh will deliver it into the hand of the king.”
 

Micaiah’s Message of Defeat

12The messenger who went to call Micaiah spoke to him, saying, “Behold, the words of the prophets declare good to the king with one mouth. Let your word therefore please be like one of theirs, and speak good.”
 

13Micaiah said, “As Yahweh lives, what my God says, that will I speak.”
 

14When he had come to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth Gilead to battle, or should I refrain?”

He said, “Go up, and prosper. They will be delivered into your hand.”
 

15The king said to him, “How many times must I adjure you that you speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of Yahweh?”
 

16He said,

 “I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains

 as sheep that have no shepherd.

 Yahweh said,

 ‘These have no master.

 Let them return every man to his house in peace.’”

 

17The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?”
 

18Micaiah said, “Therefore hear the word of Yahweh: I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne, and all the army of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left.
  19Yahweh said, ‘Who will entice Ahab king of Israel, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth Gilead?’ One spoke saying in this way, and another saying in that way.
 

20“A spirit came out, stood before Yahweh and said, ‘I will entice him.’

“Yahweh said to him, ‘How?’
 

21“He said, ‘I will go out, and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’

“He said, ‘You will entice him and will prevail also. Go out and do so.’
 

22“Now therefore, behold, Yahweh has put a lying spirit in the mouth of these your prophets, and Yahweh has spoken evil concerning you.”
 

23Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “Which way did the spirit of Yahweh go from me to speak to you?”
 

24Micaiah said, “Behold, you will see on that day, when you will go into an inner room to hide yourself.”
 

25The king of Israel said, “Take Micaiah and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the king’s son
  26and say, ‘This is what the king says, “Put this fellow in the prison and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction until I return in peace.”’”
 

27Micaiah said, “If you return at all in peace, Yahweh has not spoken by me.” He said, “Listen, you peoples, all of you!”
 

Ahab’s Death

28So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth Gilead.
  29The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you put on your robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and they went into the battle.
 

30Now the king of Syria had commanded the captains of his chariots, saying, “Fight neither with small nor great, except only with the king of Israel.”
 

31It came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, “It is the king of Israel!” Therefore they turned around to fight against him. But Jehoshaphat cried out, and Yahweh helped him; and God moved them to depart from him.
  32It came to pass when the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel that they turned back from pursuing him.
 

33A certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel between the joints of the armor. Therefore he said to the driver of the chariot, “Turn your hand and carry me out of the army, for I am severely wounded.”
  34The battle increased that day. However the king of Israel propped himself up in his chariot against the Syrians until the evening; and about the time of the going down of the sun, he died.
 


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Jehu’s Rebuke of Jehoshaphat

1Jehoshaphat the king of Judah returned to his house in peace to Jerusalem.
  2Jehu the son of Hanani the seer went out to meet him and said to king Jehoshaphat, “Should you help the wicked and love those who hate Yahweh? Because of this, wrath is on you from before Yahweh.
  3Nevertheless there are good things found in you, in that you have put away the Asherahs out of the land and have set your heart to seek God.”
 

Jehoshaphat’s Reforms

4Jehoshaphat lived at Jerusalem, and he went out again among the people from Beer-sheba to the hill country of Ephraim and brought them back to Yahweh, the God of their fathers.
  5He set judges in the land throughout all the fortified cities of Judah, city by city,
  6and said to the judges, “Consider what you do, for you do not judge for man, but for Yahweh, and he is with you in the judgment.
  7Now therefore let the fear of Yahweh be on you. Take heed and do it, for there is no iniquity with Yahweh our God, nor respect of persons, nor taking of bribes.”
 

8Moreover in Jerusalem Jehoshaphat appointed Levites and priests, and of the heads of the fathers’ households of Israel, for the judgment of Yahweh and for controversies. They returned to Jerusalem.
  9He commanded them, saying, “Thus you are to do in the fear of Yahweh, faithfully and with a perfect heart.
  10Whenever any controversy will come to you from your brothers who dwell in their cities, between blood and blood, between law and commandment, statutes and ordinances, you are to warn them that they not be guilty towards Yahweh, and so wrath come on you and on your brothers. Do this and you will not be guilty.
 

11“Behold, Amariah the chief priest is over you in all matters of Yahweh, and Zebadiah the son of Ishmael the ruler of the house of Judah, in all the king’s matters; also the Levites are to be officers before you. Deal courageously, and may Yahweh be with the good.”
 


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War against Eastern Enemies

1It came to pass after this that the children of Moab and the children of Ammon, and with them some of the Meunites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle.
  2Then some came who told Jehoshaphat, saying, “A great multitude is coming against you from beyond the Dead Sea, from Edom. Behold, they are in Hazazon Tamar,” (that is, En-gedi)
  3Jehoshaphat was alarmed and set himself to seek to Yahweh. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.
  4Judah gathered themselves together to seek help from Yahweh. They came out of all the cities of Judah to seek Yahweh.
 

Jehoshaphat’s Prayer

5Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of Yahweh, before the new court;
  6and he said,

“Yahweh, the God of our fathers, are you not God in heaven? Are you not ruler over all the kingdoms of the nations? Power and might are in your hand, so that no one is able to withstand you.
  7Did not you, our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel and give it to the seed of Abraham your friend forever?
  8They lived in it and have built you a sanctuary in it for your name, saying,
  9‘If evil comes on us–the sword, judgment, pestilence, or famine–we will stand before this house and before you, for your name is in this house, and cry out to you in our affliction, and you will hear and save.’
 

10“Now behold the children of Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir, whom you would not let Israel invade when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned aside from them and did not destroy them;
  11behold how they reward us, to come to cast us out of your possession that you have given us to inherit.
  12Our God, will you not judge them? For we have no might against this great company that comes against us, nor do we know what to do, but our eyes are on you.”

God’s Answer

13All Judah stood before Yahweh, with their little ones, their wives and their children.
  14Then the spirit of Yahweh came on Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, the Levite of the sons of Asaph, in the middle of the assembly;
  15and he said, “Listen, all Judah, and inhabitants of Jerusalem, and king Jehoshaphat. This is what Yahweh says to you, ‘Do not be afraid, nor be dismayed because of this great multitude, for the battle is not yours, but God’s.
  16Tomorrow go down against them. Behold, they are coming up by the ascent of Ziz. You will find them at the end of the valley before the wilderness of Jeruel.
  17You will not need to fight this battle. Set yourselves, stand still, and see the salvation of Yahweh with you, O Judah and Jerusalem. Do not be afraid, nor be dismayed. Go out against them tomorrow, for Yahweh is with you.’”
 

18Jehoshaphat bowed his head with his face to the ground; and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell down before Yahweh, worshipping Yahweh.
  19The Levites, of the children of the Kohathites and of the children of the Korahites, stood up to praise Yahweh the God of Israel with an exceedingly loud voice.
 

Victory and Plunder

20They rose early in the morning and went out into the wilderness of Tekoa; and as they went out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, “Listen to me, Judah, and you inhabitants of Jerusalem! Believe in Yahweh your God, so you will be established! Believe his prophets, so you will prosper.”
  21When he had taken counsel with the people, he appointed men to sing to Yahweh and give praise in holy attire as they went out before the army, and say,

 “Give thanks to Yahweh;

 for his loving kindness endures forever.”

 

22When they began to sing and to praise, Yahweh set an ambush against the children of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir who had come against Judah; and they were defeated.
  23For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir, devoting them to destruction; and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, they all helped to destroy one another.
 

24When Judah came to the place overlooking the wilderness, they looked at the multitude; and behold, they were dead bodies fallen to the earth, and there were none who escaped.
  25When Jehoshaphat and his people came to take their spoil, they found among them in abundance both riches and dead bodies, and precious jewels that they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in taking the spoil, it was so much.
  26On the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Beracah, for there they blessed Yahweh: therefore the name of that place was called The Valley of Beracah to this day.
 

27Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in their forefront, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for Yahweh had made them to rejoice over their enemies.
  28They came to Jerusalem with stringed instruments and harps and trumpets coming to the house of Yahweh.
 

29The fear of God was on all the kingdoms of the countries when they heard that Yahweh fought against the enemies of Israel.
  30So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet, for his God gave him rest all around.
 

Summary of Jehoshaphat’s Reign

31Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah; he was 35 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 25 years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.
  32He walked in the way of Asa his father and didn’t turn aside from it, doing what was right in the eyes of Yahweh.
  33However the high places were not taken away, neither as yet had the people set their hearts to the God of their fathers.
 

34Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first and last, behold, they are written in the history of Jehu the son of Hanani, which is inserted in the book of the kings of Israel.
 

Jehoshaphat’s Fleet of Ships

35After this Jehoshaphat king of Judah joined himself with Ahaziah king of Israel. The same did very wickedly,
  36and he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish; and they made the ships in Ezion Geber.
  37Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have joined yourself with Ahaziah, Yahweh has destroyed your works.” The ships were broken, so that they were not able to go to Tarshish.
 


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Jehoram Becomes King Over Judah

1Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and Jehoram his son reigned in his place.
  2He had brothers, the sons of Jehoshaphat: Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah; all these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel.
  3Their father gave them great gifts of silver and of gold and of valuable things, with fortified cities in Judah: but the kingdom gave he to Jehoram, because he was the firstborn.
  4Now when Jehoram was risen up over the kingdom of his father and had strengthened himself, he killed all his brothers with the sword, and various also of the officials of Israel.
 

Judah’s King Jehoram

5Jehoram was 32 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.
  6He walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab, for he had the daughter of Ahab as a wife; and he did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
  7However Yahweh would not destroy the house of David because of the covenant that he had made with David, and as he promised to give a lamp to him and to his children always.
 

8In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah and made a king over themselves.
  9Then Jehoram passed over with his captains and all his chariots with him, and he rose up by night and struck the Edomites who surrounded him along with the captains of the chariots.
  10So Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah to this day; then Libnah revolted at the same time from under his hand because he had forsaken Yahweh, the God of his fathers.
  11Moreover he made high places in the mountains of Judah and made the inhabitants of Jerusalem to prostitute themselves and led Judah astray.
 

Elijah’s Letter to Jehoram

12A letter came to him from Elijah the prophet, saying,

“This is what Yahweh, the God of David your father, says: ‘Because you have not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat your father, nor in the ways of Asa king of Judah,
  13but have walked in the way of the kings of Israel and have made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to prostitute themselves like the house of Ahab did, and also have slain your brothers of your father’s house who were better than yourself,
  14behold, Yahweh will strike with a great plague your people, and your children, and your wives, and all your substance;
  15and you will have great sickness by disease of your bowels until your bowels fall out by reason of the sickness, day by day.’”

Jehoram’s Last Days

16Yahweh stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines and of the Arabians who are beside the Ethiopians,
  17and they came up against Judah and broke into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king’s house, and his sons also, and his wives, so that there was never a son left him, except Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons.
 

18After all this Yahweh struck him in his bowels with an incurable disease.
  19It came to pass, in process of time, at the end of two years, that his bowels fell out by reason of his sickness, and he died of severe diseases. His people made no burning for him like the burning of his fathers.
 

20Jehoram was 32 years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and he departed without being desired; and they buried him in the city of David, but not in the tombs of the kings.
 


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Judah’s King Ahaziah

1The inhabitants of Jerusalem made Ahaziah his youngest son king in his place, for the band of men who came with the Arabians to the camp had slain all the eldest. So Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah reigned.
  242 years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign, and he reigned one year in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Athaliah the daughter of Omri.
 

3He also walked in the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother was his counselor to do wickedly.
  4He did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh, as did the house of Ahab; for they were his counselors after the death of his father, to his destruction.
  5He walked also according to their counsel and went with Jehoram the son of Ahab king of Israel to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramoth Gilead: and the Syrians wounded Joram.
  6He returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds that they had given him at Ramah when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. Azariah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Jehoram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick.
 

7Now the destruction of Ahaziah was of God, in that he went to Joram; for when he had come, he went out with Jehoram against Jehu the son of Nimshi, whom Yahweh had anointed to cut off the house of Ahab.
  8It came to pass, when Jehu was executing judgment on the house of Ahab, that he found the officials of Judah and the sons of the brothers of Ahaziah ministering to Ahaziah, and killed them.
  9He sought Ahaziah, and they caught him (now he was hiding in Samaria), and they brought him to Jehu and killed him; and they buried him, for they said, “He is the son of Jehoshaphat, who sought Yahweh with all his heart.” The house of Ahaziah had no power to hold the kingdom.
 

Athaliah Usurps the Throne

10Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the royal seed of the house of Judah.
  11But Jehoshabeath, the daughter of the king, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king’s sons who were slain, and put him and his nurse in the bedroom. So Jehoshabeath, the daughter of king Jehoram, the wife of Jehoiada the priest (for she was the sister of Ahaziah), hid him from Athaliah so that she didn’t kill him.
  12He was with them hidden in God’s house six years, and Athaliah reigned over the land.
 


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Athaliah Overthrown

1In the seventh year Jehoiada strengthened himself and took the captains of hundreds, Azariah the son of Jeroham, and Ishmael the son of Jehohanan, and Azariah the son of Obed, and Maaseiah the son of Adaiah, and Elishaphat the son of Zichri, into covenant with him.
  2They went about in Judah and gathered the Levites out of all the cities of Judah, and the heads of fathers’ households of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem.
 

3All the assembly cut a covenant with the king in God’s house. He said to them, “Behold, the king’s son must reign, as Yahweh has spoken concerning the sons of David.
  4This is the thing that you are to do. A third part of you who come in on the Sabbath, of the priests and of the Levites, are to be gatekeepers of the thresholds.
  5A third part are to be at the king’s house and a third part at the gate of the foundation. All the people will be in the courts of Yahweh’s house.
  6But let no one come into the house of Yahweh except the priests and those who minister of the Levites. They may come in, for they are holy, but all the people are to follow Yahweh’s instructions.
  7The Levites must surround the king, every man with his weapons in his hand. Whoever comes into the house, let him be slain. Be with the king when he comes in, and when he goes out.”
 

8So the Levites and all Judah did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded, and they took every man his men, those who were to come in on the Sabbath with those who were to go out on the Sabbath, for Jehoiada the priest didn’t dismiss the shift.
  9Jehoiada the priest delivered to the captains of hundreds the spears and bucklers and shields that had been king David‘s, which were in God’s house.
  10He set all the people, every man with his weapon in his hand, from the right side of the house to the left side of the house, along by the altar and the house, around the king.
 

11Then they brought out the king’s son and put the crown on him and gave him the testimony and made him king; and Jehoiada and his sons anointed him and they said, “Long live the king!”
 

12When Athaliah heard the noise of the people running and praising the king, she came to the people into the house of Yahweh;
  13and she looked, and behold, the king stood by his pillar at the entrance, and the captains and the trumpets by the king; and all the people of the land rejoiced and blew trumpets; the singers also played musical instruments and led the singing of praise. Then Athaliah tore her clothes, and said, “Treason! Treason!”
 

14Jehoiada the priest brought out the captains of hundreds who were set over the army and said to them, “Bring her out between the ranks; and whoever follows her, let him be slain with the sword.” For the priest said, “Do not kill her in Yahweh’s house.”
  15So they made way for her. She went to the entrance of the horse gate to the king’s house, and they killed her there.
 

Jehoiada’s Reforms

16Jehoiada cut a covenant between himself and all the people and the king, that they should be Yahweh’s people.
  17All the people went to the house of Baal and broke it down, and broke his altars and his images in pieces, and killed Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars.
 

18Jehoiada appointed the officers of the house of Yahweh under the hand of the priests the Levites whom David had distributed in the house of Yahweh, to offer the burnt offerings of Yahweh as it is written in the law of Moses, with rejoicing and with singing according to the order of David.
  19He set the gatekeepers at the gates of the house of Yahweh, so that no one who was unclean in anything could enter in.
  20He took the captains of hundreds, and the nobles, and the governors of the people, and all the people of the land, and brought down the king from the house of Yahweh; and they came through the upper gate to the king’s house and set the king on the throne of the kingdom.
  21So all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet. Athaliah they had slain with the sword.
 


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Judah’s King Joash

1Joash was seven years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Zibiah of Beer-sheba.
  2Joash did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh all the days of Jehoiada the priest.
  3Jehoiada took for him two wives, and he became the father of sons and daughters.
 

Repairing the Temple

4It came to pass after this that Joash intended to restore the house of Yahweh.
  5He gathered together the priests and the Levites and said to them, “Go out to the cities of Judah and gather money to repair the house of your God from all Israel from year to year. See that you expedite this matter.”

However the Levites didn’t do it right away.
  6The king called for Jehoiada the chief and said to him, “Why haven’t you required of the Levites to bring in the tax of Moses the servant of Yahweh and of the assembly of Israel, out of Judah and out of Jerusalem for the tent of the testimony?
  7For the sons of Athaliah, that wicked woman, had broken up God’s house, and they also gave all the dedicated things of the house of Yahweh to the Baals.”
 

8So the king commanded, and they made a chest, and set it outside at the gate of the house of Yahweh.
  9They made a proclamation through Judah and Jerusalem to bring in for Yahweh the tax that Moses the servant of God laid on Israel in the wilderness.
  10All the officials and all the people rejoiced and brought in and cast into the chest until they had made an end.
  11It was so that whenever the chest was brought to the king’s officers by the hand of the Levites, and when they saw that there was much money, the king’s scribe and the chief priest’s officer came and emptied the chest, and took it and carried it to its place again. Thus they did day by day, and gathered money in abundance.
  12The king and Jehoiada gave it to such as did the work of the service of the house of Yahweh, and they hired masons and carpenters to restore the house of Yahweh, and also such as worked iron and bronze to repair the house of Yahweh.
 

13So the workmen worked, and the work of repairing went forward in their hands, and they set up God’s house in its state and strengthened it.
  14When they had made an end, they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada, of which were made vessels for the house of Yahweh, even vessels with which to minister and to offer, and spoons, and vessels of gold and silver. They offered burnt offerings in the house of Yahweh continually all the days of Jehoiada.
 

Joash’s Apostasy

15But Jehoiada grew old and was full of days, and he died; 130 years old was he when he died.
  16They buried him in the city of David among the kings, because he had done good in Israel and toward God and his house.
 

17Now after the death of Jehoiada came the officials of Judah, and made obeisance to the king. Then the king listened to them.
  18They forsook the house of Yahweh the God of their fathers and served the Asherah poles and the idols, and wrath came on Judah and Jerusalem for this guilt of theirs.
  19Yet he sent prophets to them to bring them again to Yahweh, and they testified against them; but they would not give ear.
 

20The spirit of God clothed Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, and he stood above the people and said to them, “This is what God says: ‘Why do you disobey the commandments of Yahweh so that you cannot prosper? Because you have forsaken Yahweh, he has also forsaken you.’”
  21They conspired against him and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of Yahweh.
  22Thus Joash the king did not remember the kindness that Jehoiada his father had done to him, but killed his son. When he died, he said, “May Yahweh look at it and repay it.”
 

Aramean Invasion of Judah

23It came to pass at the end of the year that the army of the Syrians came up against him, and they came to Judah and Jerusalem and destroyed all the officials of the people from among the people, and sent all their spoil to the king of Damascus.
  24For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and Yahweh delivered a very great army into their hand, because they had forsaken Yahweh the God of their fathers. So they executed judgment on Joash.
 

Joash Assassinated

25When they were departed for him (for they left him very sick), his own servants conspired against him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and killed him on his bed, and he died; and they buried him in the city of David, but they didn’t bury him in the tombs of the kings.
 

26These are those who conspired against him: Zabad the son of Shimeath the Ammonitess and Jehozabad the son of Shimrith the Moabitess.
  27Now concerning his sons, and the greatness of the burdens laid on him and the rebuilding of God’s house, behold, they are written in the commentary of the book of the kings. Amaziah his son reigned in his place.
 


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Judah’s King Amaziah

1Amaziah was 25 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 29 years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem.
  2He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, but not with a perfect heart.
 

3Now it came to pass, when the kingdom was established to him, that he killed his servants who had killed the king his father.
  4But he did not put their children to death, but did according to what is written in the law in the book of Moses as Yahweh commanded, saying, “The fathers are not to be put to death for the children, nor must the children be put to death for the fathers, but every man is to be put to death for his own sin.”
 

Amaziah’s Campaign against Edom

5Moreover Amaziah gathered Judah together and ordered them according to their fathers’ houses, under captains of thousands and captains of hundreds, even all Judah and Benjamin, and he numbered them from twenty years old and upward and found them 300,000 chosen men, able to go out to war, who could handle spear and shield.
  6He hired also 100,000 mighty men of valor out of Israel for 100 talents of silver.
 

7A man of God came to him, saying, “O king, do not let the army of Israel go with you, for Yahweh is not with Israel, with all the children of Ephraim.
  8But if you will go, take action, be strong for the battle. God will overthrow you before the enemy; for God has power to help and to overthrow.”
 

9Amaziah said to the man of God, “But what should we do for the 100 talents that I have given to the army of Israel?”

The man of God answered, “Yahweh is able to give you much more than this.”
 

10Then Amaziah separated them, the army that had come to him out of Ephraim, to go home again; therefore their anger was greatly kindled against Judah, and they returned home in fierce anger.
 

11Amaziah took courage and led forth his people and went to the Valley of Salt, and struck 10,000 of the children of Seir.
  12The children of Judah carried away 10,000 alive and brought them to the top of the rock, and threw them down from the top of the rock so that they all were broken in pieces.
 

13But the men of the army whom Amaziah sent back, that they should not go with him to battle, fell on the cities of Judah, from Samaria even to Beth Horon, and struck of them 3,000 and took much spoil.
 

14Now it came to pass after that Amaziah had come from the slaughter of the Edomites that he brought the gods of the children of Seir and set them up to be his gods, and bowed down himself before them and turned incense into smoke-perfume to them.
  15Therefore the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Amaziah, and he sent to him a prophet who said to him, “Why have you sought after the gods of the people, which have not delivered their own people out of your hand?”
 

16It came to pass, as he talked with him, that the king said to him, “Have we made you one of the king’s counselors? Stop! Why should you be struck down?”

Then the prophet stopped and said, “I know that God has determined to destroy you, because you have done this and have not listened to my counsel.”
 

Amaziah’s War With Israel’s King Joash

17Then Amaziah king of Judah consulted his advisers and sent to Joash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, “Come, let us look one another in the face.”
 

18Joash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, “The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, ‘Give your daughter to my son as his wife.’ Then a wild animal that was in Lebanon passed by and trampled down the thistle.
  19You say to yourself that you have struck Edom and your heart lifts you up to boast. Now stay at home. Why should you meddle with trouble, that you should fall, even you, and Judah with you?”
 

20But Amaziah would not listen; for it was of God that he might deliver them into the hand of their enemies, because they had sought after the gods of Edom.
  21So Joash king of Israel went up, and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Beth Shemesh, which belongs to Judah.
  22Judah was defeated by Israel and they fled every man to his tent.
  23Joash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Joash the son of Jehoahaz, at Beth Shemesh, and brought him to Jerusalem, and broke down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim to the corner gate, 400 cubits.
  24He took all the gold and silver and all the vessels that were found in God’s house with Obed–Edom, and the treasures of the king’s house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria.
 

Amaziah’s Death

25Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel 15 years.
  26Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, first and last, behold, aren’t they written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel?
 

27Now from the time that Amaziah turned away from following after Yahweh, they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem. He fled to Lachish, but they sent after him to Lachish and killed him there.
  28They brought him on horses and buried him with his fathers in the city of Judah.
 


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Judah’s King Uzziah

1All the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was 16 years old, and made him king in the place of his father Amaziah.
  2He built Eloth and restored it to Judah after that the king slept with his fathers.
 

316 years old was Uzziah when he began to reign, and he reigned 52 years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Jechiliah of Jerusalem.
  4He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh according to all that his father Amaziah had done.
  5He set himself to seek God in the days of Zechariah, who had understanding in the vision of God, and as long as he sought Yahweh, God made him to prosper.
 

Uzziah’s Exploits

6He went forth and warred against the Philistines, and broke down the wall of Gath and the wall of Jabneh and the wall of Ashdod, and he built cities in the country of Ashdod and among the Philistines.
  7God helped him against the Philistines and against the Arabians who lived in Gur Baal, and the Meunim.
  8The Ammonites gave tribute to Uzziah, and his name spread abroad even to the entrance of Egypt, for he grew exceeding strong.
  9Moreover Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the corner gate and at the valley gate and at the turning of the wall, and fortified them.
  10He built towers in the wilderness and dug out many cisterns, for he had much livestock, in the lowland also and in the plain, and he had farmers and vineyard keepers in the mountains and in the fruitful fields, for he loved farming.
 

11Moreover Uzziah had an army of fighting men who went out to war by bands, according to the number of their reckoning made by Jeiel the scribe and Maaseiah the officer under the hand of Hananiah, one of the king’s captains.
  12The whole number of the heads of fathers’ households, even the mighty men of valor, was 2,600.
  13Under their hand was an army, 307,500 who made war with mighty power to help the king against the enemy.
  14Uzziah prepared for them, even for all the army, shields, and spears, and helmets, and coats of mail, and bows, and stones for slinging.
  15He made in Jerusalem engines invented by skillful men to be on the towers and on the corners, with which to shoot arrows and great stones. His name spread far abroad, for he was marvelously helped until he was strong.
 

Uzziah’s Disease

16But when he was strong, his heart was lifted up so that he did corruptly, and he trespassed against Yahweh his God because he went into Yahweh’s temple to turn incense into smoke-perfume on the altar of incense.
  17Azariah the priest went in after him, and with him eighty priests of Yahweh who were valiant men,
  18and they resisted Uzziah the king and said to him, “It is not for you, Uzziah, to turn incense into smoke-perfume to Yahweh, but for the priests the sons of Aaron who are consecrated to turn incense into smoke-perfume. Go out of the sanctuary, for you have trespassed, and it will not be for your honor from Yahweh God.”
 

19Then Uzziah was angry, and he had a censer in his hand to turn incense into smoke-perfume; and while he was angry with the priests, the leprosy broke forth on his forehead in the presence of the priests in the house of Yahweh beside the altar of incense.
  20Azariah the chief priest, and all the priests, looked on him, and behold, he was leprous on his forehead, and they thrust him out quickly from there; yes, he himself also hurried to go out, because Yahweh had struck him.
  21Uzziah the king was a leper to the day of his death and lived in a separate house, being a leper, for he was cut off from the house of Yahweh; and Jotham his son was over the king’s house, judging the people of the land.
 

22Now the rest of the acts of Uzziah, first and last, Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, wrote.
  23So Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the field of burial that belonged to the kings, for they said, “He is a leper.” Jotham his son reigned in his place.
 


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Judah’s King Jotham

1Jotham was 25 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 16 years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Jerushah the daughter of Zadok.
  2He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh according to all that his father Uzziah had done: however he didn’t enter into Yahweh’s temple. The people still did corruptly.
 

3He built the upper gate of the house of Yahweh, and on the wall of Ophel he built much.
  4Moreover he built cities in the hill country of Judah, and in the forests he built castles and towers.
  5He fought also with the king of the children of Ammon and prevailed against them. The children of Ammon gave him the same year 100 talents of silver, and 10,000 measures of wheat and 10,000 of barley. The children of Ammon gave that much to him in the second year also, and in the third.
  6So Jotham became mighty because he ordered his ways before Yahweh his God.
 

7Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all his wars and his ways, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.
  8He was 25 years old when he began to reign, and reigned 16 years in Jerusalem.
  9Jotham slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David, and Ahaz his son reigned in his place.
 


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Judah’s King Ahaz

1Ahaz was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 16 years in Jerusalem. He did not do what was right in the eyes of Yahweh, like David his father,
  2but he walked in the ways of the kings of Israel and made also cast metal images for the Baals.
  3Moreover he turned incense into smoke-perfume in the valley of the son of Hinnom and burned his children in the fire according to the abominations of the nations whom Yahweh cast out before the children of Israel.
  4He sacrificed and turned incense into smoke-perfume in the high places and on the hills and under every green tree.
 

5Therefore Yahweh his God delivered him into the hand of the king of Syria, and they struck him and carried away of his a great multitude of captives and brought them to Damascus.

He was also delivered into the hand of the king of Israel who struck him with a great slaughter.
  6For Pekah the son of Remaliah killed in Judah 120,000 in one day, all of them valiant men, because they had forsaken Yahweh the God of their fathers.
  7Zichri, a mighty man of Ephraim, killed Maaseiah the king’s son and Azrikam the ruler of the house, and Elkanah who was next to the king.
  8The children of Israel carried away captive of their brothers 200,000, women, sons, and daughters, and took also away much spoil from them and brought the spoil to Samaria.
 

9But a prophet of Yahweh was there whose name was Oded, and he went out to meet the army that came to Samaria, and said to them, “Behold, because Yahweh the God of your fathers was angry with Judah, he has delivered them into your hand, and you have slain them in a rage that has reached up to heaven.
  10Now you purpose to keep under the children of Judah and Jerusalem for bondservants and bondmaids for yourselves. Aren’t there even with you trespasses of your own against Yahweh your God?
  11Now hear me therefore, and send back the captives that you have taken captive from your brothers; for the fierce wrath of Yahweh is on you.”
 

12Then some of the heads of the children of Ephraim, Azariah the son of Johanan, Berechiah the son of Meshillemoth, and Jehizkiah the son of Shallum, and Amasa the son of Hadlai, stood up against those who came from the war
  13and said to them, “You must not bring in the captives here: for you purpose that which will bring on us a trespass against Yahweh, to add to our sins and to our trespass; for our trespass is great, and there is fierce wrath against Israel.”
 

14So the armed men left the captives and the spoil before the officials and all the assembly.
  15The men who have been mentioned by name rose up and took the captives, and with the spoil clothed all who were naked among them, dressed them, gave them sandals, and gave them something to eat and to drink, anointed them, carried all the feeble of them on donkeys and brought them to Jericho, the City of Date Palms trees, to their brothers. Then they returned to Samaria.
 

16At that time king Ahaz sent to the kings of Assyria to help him.
  17For again the Edomites had come and struck Judah and carried away captives.
  18The Philistines also had invaded the cities of the lowland and of the Negev of Judah and had taken Beth Shemesh, and Aijalon, and Gederoth, and Soco with its towns and Timnah with its towns, Gimzo also and its towns, and they lived there.
  19For Yahweh brought Judah low because of Ahaz king of Israel, for he had dealt wantonly in Judah, and trespassed severely against Yahweh.
  20Tilgath Pilneser king of Assyria came to him and distressed him, but didn’t strengthen him.
  21For Ahaz took away a portion out of the house of Yahweh and out of the house of the king and of the officials, and gave it to the king of Assyria, but it didn’t help him.
 

22In the time of his distress, he trespassed yet more against Yahweh, this same king Ahaz.
  23For he sacrificed to the gods of Damascus that struck him, and he said, “Because the gods of the kings of Syria helped them, so I will sacrifice to them, that they may help me.” But they were a cause of stumbling to him and to all Israel.
 

24Ahaz gathered together the vessels of God’s house and cut in pieces the vessels of God’s house and shut up the doors of the house of Yahweh; and he made him altars in every corner of Jerusalem.
  25In every city of Judah he made high places to turn incense into smoke-perfume to other gods, and made Yahweh, the God of his fathers, angry.
 

Ahaz’s Death

26Now the rest of his acts and all his ways, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
  27Ahaz slept with his fathers and they buried him in the city, even in Jerusalem, for they didn’t bring him into the tombs of the kings of Israel; and Hezekiah his son reigned in his place.
 


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Judah’s King Hezekiah

1Hezekiah began to reign when he was 25 years old, and he reigned 29 years in Jerusalem; and his mother’s name was Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah.
  2He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh according to all that David his father had done.
 

3He in the first year of his reign, in the first month, opened the doors of the house of Yahweh and repaired them.
  4He brought in the priests and the Levites and gathered them together into the wide place on the east
  5and said to them, “Listen to me, you Levites! Now sanctify yourselves and sanctify the house of Yahweh the God of your fathers, and carry out the filthiness out of the holy place.
  6For our fathers have trespassed and done what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh our God, and have forsaken him and have turned away their faces from the habitation of Yahweh, and turned their backs.
  7Also they have shut up the doors of the porch and put out the lamps, and have not turned incense into smoke-perfume nor offered burnt offerings in the holy place to the God of Israel.
  8Therefore the wrath of Yahweh was on Judah and Jerusalem, and he has delivered them to be tossed back and forth, to be an astonishment and a hissing, as you see with your eyes.
  9For behold, our fathers have fallen by the sword, and our sons and our daughters and our wives are in captivity for this.
  10Now it is in my heart to cut a covenant with Yahweh, the God of Israel, that his fierce anger may turn away from us.
  11My sons, do not be negligent now, for Yahweh has chosen you to stand before him, to minister to him, and that you should be his ministers and turn incense into smoke-perfume.”
 

Cleansing the Temple12Then the Levites arose,

 
Mahath the son of Amasai, and Joel the son of Azariah, of the sons of the Kohathites;
and of the sons of Merari, Kish the son of Abdi and Azariah the son of Jehallelel; and of the Gershonites,
Joah the son of Zimmah and Eden the son of Joah;

13and of the sons of Elizaphan, Shimri and Jeuel;
and of the sons of Asaph, Zechariah and Mattaniah;

14and of the sons of Heman, Jehuel and Shimei;
and of the sons of Jeduthun, Shemaiah and Uzziel.

15They gathered their brothers and sanctified themselves, and went in according to the commandment of the king by the words of Yahweh to cleanse the house of Yahweh.
 

16The priests went in to the inner part of the house of Yahweh to cleanse it, and brought out all the uncleanness that they found in Yahweh’s temple into the court of the house of Yahweh. The Levites took it to carry it out abroad to the brook Kidron.
  17Now they began on the first day of the first month to sanctify, and on the eighth day of the month came they to the porch of Yahweh; and they sanctified the house of Yahweh in eight days, and on the 16th day of the first month they made an end.
 

18Then they went in to Hezekiah the king inside the palace and said, “We have cleansed all the house of Yahweh and the altar of burnt offering with all its vessels, and the table of the Bread of the Presence with all its vessels.
  19Moreover all the vessels that king Ahaz in his reign threw away when he trespassed have we prepared and sanctified; and behold, they are before the altar of Yahweh.”
 

Renewal of Temple Worship

20Then Hezekiah the king arose early and gathered the officials of the city and went up to the house of Yahweh.
  21They brought seven bulls and seven rams and seven lambs and seven male goats for a sin offering for the kingdom and for the sanctuary and for Judah. He commanded the priests the sons of Aaron to offer them on the altar of Yahweh.
  22So they killed the bulls, and the priests received the blood and sprinkled it on the altar; and they killed the rams and sprinkled the blood on the altar; they killed also the lambs and sprinkled the blood on the altar.
  23They brought near the male goats for the sin offering before the king and the assembly, and they laid their hands on them,
  24and the priests killed them and they made a sin offering with their blood on the altar to make atonement for all Israel, for the king commanded that the burnt offering and the sin offering should be made for all Israel.
 

25He set the Levites in the house of Yahweh with cymbals, with stringed instruments and with harps, according to the commandment of David and of Gad the king’s seer and Nathan the prophet, for the commandment was of Yahweh by his prophets.
  26The Levites stood with the instruments of David and the priests with the trumpets.
 

27Hezekiah commanded to offer the burnt offering on the altar. When the burnt offering began, the song of Yahweh began also, and the trumpets together with the instruments of David king of Israel.
  28All the assembly worshiped, and the singers sang and the trumpeters sounded; all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.
  29When they had made an end of offering, the king and all who were present with him bowed themselves and worshiped.
  30Moreover Hezekiah the king and the officials commanded the Levites to sing praises to Yahweh with the words of David and of Asaph the seer. They sang praises with gladness, and they bowed their heads and worshiped.
 

31Then Hezekiah answered, “Now you have consecrated yourselves to Yahweh; come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings into the house of Yahweh.” The assembly brought in sacrifices and thank offerings, and as many as were of a willing heart brought burnt offerings.
  32The number of the burnt offerings that the assembly brought was seventy bulls, 100 rams and 200 lambs; all these were for a burnt offering to Yahweh.
  33The consecrated things were 600 head of cattle and 3,000 sheep.
 

34But the priests were too few, so that they could not flay all the burnt offerings; therefore their brothers the Levites helped them until the work was ended, and until the priests had sanctified themselves, for the Levites were more upright in heart to sanctify themselves than the priests.
  35Also the burnt offerings were in abundance, with the fat of the peace offerings and with the drink offerings for every burnt offering.

So the service of the house of Yahweh was set in order.
  36Hezekiah rejoiced, and all the people, because of that which God had prepared for the people, for the thing was done suddenly.
 


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Celebration of the Passover

1Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah, and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh that they should come to the house of Yahweh at Jerusalem to keep the Passover to Yahweh, the God of Israel.
  2For the king had taken counsel, and his officials and all the assembly in Jerusalem, to keep the Passover in the second month.
  3For they could not keep it at that time, because the priests had not sanctified themselves in sufficient number, neither had the people gathered themselves together to Jerusalem.
  4The thing was right in the eyes of the king and of all the assembly.
  5So they established a decree to make proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beer-sheba even to Dan, that they should come to keep the Passover to Yahweh the God of Israel at Jerusalem, for they had not kept it in great numbers in such sort as it is written.
 

6So the couriers went with the letters from the king and his officials throughout all Israel and Judah and according to the commandment of the king, saying, “You children of Israel, turn again to Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, that he may return to the remnant that have escaped of you out of the hand of the kings of Assyria.
  7Do not be like your fathers and like your brothers, who trespassed against Yahweh the God of their fathers, so that he gave them up to desolation as you see.
  8Now do not be stiff–necked as your fathers were, but yield yourselves to Yahweh and enter into his sanctuary that he has sanctified forever, and serve Yahweh your God, that his fierce anger may turn away from you.
  9For if you turn again to Yahweh, your brothers and your children will find compassion before those who led them captive, and will come again into this land; for Yahweh your God is gracious and merciful and will not turn away his face from you if you return to him.”
 

10So the couriers passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh, even to Zebulun; but they ridiculed them and mocked them.
  11Nevertheless certain men of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem.
  12Also on Judah came the hand of God to give them one heart, to do the commandment of the king and of the officials by the word of Yahweh.
 

13Many people assembled at Jerusalem to keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread in the second month, a very great assembly.
  14They arose and took away the altars that were in Jerusalem, and all the altars for incense took they away and cast them into the brook Kidron.
  15Then they killed the Passover on the 14th day of the second month, and the priests and the Levites were ashamed, and sanctified themselves and brought burnt offerings into the house of Yahweh.
  16They stood in their place according to their order, according to the law of Moses the man of God; the priests sprinkled the blood that they received of the hand of the Levites.
  17For there were many in the assembly who had not sanctified themselves, therefore the Levites were in charge of killing the Passovers for everyone who was not clean, to sanctify them to Yahweh.
  18For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than it is written. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, “May the good Yahweh pardon everyone
  19who sets his heart to seek God, Yahweh, the God of his fathers, even if they aren’t clean according to the purification of the sanctuary.”
  20Yahweh listened to Hezekiah and healed the people.
  21The children of Israel who were present at Jerusalem kept the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with great gladness and the Levites and the priests praised Yahweh day by day, singing with loud instruments to Yahweh.
  22Hezekiah spoke comfortably to all the Levites who had good understanding in the service of Yahweh. So they ate throughout the feast for the seven days, offering sacrifices of peace offerings and making confession to Yahweh the God of their fathers.
 

23The whole assembly took counsel to keep another seven days; and they kept another seven days with gladness.
  24For Hezekiah king of Judah gave to the assembly for offerings 1,000 bulls and 7,000 sheep, and the officials gave to the assembly 1,000 bulls and 10,000 sheep, and a great number of priests sanctified themselves.
  25All the assembly of Judah, with the priests and the Levites and all the assembly who came out of Israel, and the foreigners who came out of the land of Israel and who lived in Judah, rejoiced.
  26So there was great joy in Jerusalem; for since the time of Solomon the son of David king of Israel there was not the like in Jerusalem.
 

27Then the priests the Levites arose and blessed the people, and their voice was heard and their prayer came up to his holy habitation, even to heaven.
 


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Removal of Idolatry

1Now when all this was finished, all Israel who were present went out to the cities of Judah and broke in pieces the standing stones, and cut down the Asherah poles and broke down the high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin, and in Ephraim also and Manasseh, until they had destroyed them all. Then all the children of Israel returned, every man to his possession, into their own cities.
 

Offerings for Levites

2Hezekiah appointed the divisions of the priests and the Levites according to their divisions, every man according to his service, both the priests and the Levites, for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to minister and to give thanks and to praise in the gates of the camp of Yahweh.
  3He appointed also the king’s portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, for the morning and evening burnt offerings and the burnt offerings for the Sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts as it is written in the law of Yahweh.
  4Moreover he commanded the people who lived in Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites, that they might give themselves to the law of Yahweh.
  5As soon as the commandment came abroad, the children of Israel gave in abundance the firstfruits of grain, new wine and oil and honey, and of all the increase of the field; and they brought in the tithe of all things abundantly.
  6The children of Israel and Judah who lived in the cities of Judah they also brought in the tithe of cattle and sheep and the tithe of dedicated things that were consecrated to Yahweh their God, and laid them by heaps.
  7In the third month they began to lay the foundation of the heaps and finished them in the seventh month.
  8When Hezekiah and the officials came and saw the heaps, they blessed Yahweh and his people Israel.
 

9Then Hezekiah questioned the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps.
  10Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him and said, “Since people began to bring the offerings into the house of Yahweh, we have eaten and had enough, and have left plenty, for Yahweh has blessed his people, and what is left is this great store.”
 

11Then Hezekiah commanded them to prepare rooms in the house of Yahweh, and they prepared them.
  12They brought in the offerings and the tithes and the dedicated things faithfully, and over them Conaniah the Levite was ruler, and Shimei his brother was second.
  13Jehiel and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and Mahath, and Benaiah were overseers under the hand of Conaniah and Shimei his brother by the appointment of Hezekiah the king, and Azariah the ruler of God’s house.
 

14Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the gatekeeper at the east gate, was over the freewill offerings of God, to distribute the offerings of Yahweh and the most holy things.
  15Under him were Eden and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in their office of trust, to give to their brothers by divisions as well to the great as to the small,
  16besides those who were reckoned by genealogy of males, from three years old and upward, even everyone who entered into the house of Yahweh as the duty of every day required, for their service in their offices according to their divisions;
  17and those who were reckoned by genealogy of the priests by their fathers’ houses, and the Levites from twenty years old and upward, in their offices by their divisions;
  18and those who were reckoned by genealogy of all their little ones, their wives and their sons and their daughters through all the congregation: for in their office of trust they sanctified themselves in holiness.
  19Also for the sons of Aaron the priests, who were in the fields of the open land of their cities, in every city, there were men who were mentioned by name to give portions to all the males among the priests and to all who were reckoned by genealogy among the Levites.
 

20Hezekiah did so throughout all Judah, and he worked what was good and right and faithful before Yahweh his God.
  21In every work that he began in the service of God’s house, and in the law and in the commandments, to seek his God, he did it with all his heart and prospered.
 


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Sennacherib’s Invasion

1After these things and this faithfulness, Sennacherib king of Assyria came and entered into Judah and encamped against the fortified cities, and thought to break into them and capture them for himself.
  2When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and that he intended to fight against Jerusalem,
  3he took counsel with his officials and his mighty men to stop the water of the springs that were outside of the city; and they helped him.
  4So many people gathered together, and they stopped all the springs and the brook that flowed through the midst of the land, saying, “Why should the kings of Assyria come and find abundant water?”
  5He took courage and built up all the wall that was broken down and raised it up to the towers, and the other wall outside, and strengthened Millo in the city of David and made weapons and shields in abundance.
  6He set captains of war over the people and gathered them together to him in the open space at the gate of the city, and spoke encouragingly to them, saying,
  7“Be strong and courageous, do not be afraid nor dismayed because of the king of Assyria, nor because of all the multitude who is with him, for with us is One greater than with him.
  8With him is an arm of flesh, but with us is Yahweh our God to help us and to fight our battles.” The people relied upon on the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.
 

Sennacherib’s Servant’s Speech

9After this, Sennacherib king of Assyria sent his servants to Jerusalem (now he was at Lachish, and all his forces with him) to Hezekiah king of Judah, and to all Judah who were in Jerusalem, saying,
  10“This is what Sennacherib king of Assyria says, ‘On what are you trusting that you are living during the siege in Jerusalem?’
  11Is not Hezekiah misleading you, such that he will give you over to die by famine and by thirst, saying, “Yahweh our God will rescue us out of the hand of the king of Assyria?”
  12Has not this same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his altars and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying, “You must worship before one altar, and on it you must turn incense into smoke-perfume?”
 

13“‘Do not you know what I and my fathers have done to all the peoples of the lands? Were the gods of the nations of the lands in any way able to rescue their land out of my hand?
  14Who was there among all the gods of those nations that my fathers devoted to destruction that could rescue his people out of my hand, that your god should be able to rescue you out of my hand?
  15So now do not let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you in this way, and do not believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom has been able to rescue his people out of my hand and out of the hand of my fathers. How much less will your god rescue you out of my hand?’”
 

16And his servants said still more against Yahweh God and against his servant Hezekiah.
  17He also wrote letters to insult Yahweh the God of Israel and to speak against him, saying,

“Just as the gods of the nations of the lands have not rescued their people out of my hand, so the god of Hezekiah will not rescue his people out of my hand.”

18And they cried out with a loud voice in the language of the Judeans to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall, to frighten them and to trouble them, so that they might capture the city.
  19And they spoke about the God of Jerusalem as they did about the gods of the other peoples of the earth, which are the work of human hands.
 

Deliverance from Sennacherib

20Hezekiah the king and Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, prayed because of this, and cried out to heaven.
  21Yahweh sent an angel, who cut off all the mighty men of valor and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. When he had come into the house of his god, those who came out from his own bowels killed him there with the sword.
 

22Thus Yahweh saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria and from the hand of all others, and guided them on every side.
  23And many brought gifts to Jerusalem to Yahweh, and precious things to Hezekiah king of Judah, such that he was exalted in the eyes of all nations from that time onward.
 

Hezekiah’s Illness and Pride

24In those days Hezekiah was sick even to the point of death, and he prayed to Yahweh, and he spoke to him and gave him a sign.
  25But Hezekiah did not respond according to the benefit done to him, for his heart was proud, so there was wrath on him and on Judah and Jerusalem.
  26Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of Yahweh didn’t come on them in the days of Hezekiah.
 

Hezekiah’s Wealth and Works

27Hezekiah had exceeding much riches and honor, and he provided him treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all kinds of valuable articles;
  28storehouses also for the increase of grain and new wine and oil, and stalls for all kinds of animals, and flocks in folds.
  29Moreover he provided him cities and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance, for God had given him very much substance.
 

30This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper spring of the waters of Gihon and brought them straight down on the west side of the city of David. Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
  31However concerning the ambassadors of the officials of Babylon who sent to him to inquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to test him, that he might know all that was in his heart.
 

Hezekiah’s Death

32Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah and his good deeds, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz, in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel.
  33Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the ascent of the tombs of the sons of David; and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honor at his death. Manasseh his son reigned in his place.
 


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Judah’s King Manasseh

1Manasseh was 12 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 55 years in Jerusalem.
  2He did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh after the abominations of the nations whom Yahweh cast out before the children of Israel.
  3For he built again the high places that Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he erected altars for the Baals and made Asherahs, and worshiped all the army of heaven and served them.
  4He built altars in the house of Yahweh of which Yahweh said, “My name will be in Jerusalem forever.”
  5He built altars for all the army of heaven in the two courts of the house of Yahweh.
  6He also made his children pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom, and he practiced soothsaying and used enchantments, and practiced sorcery, and dealt with those who had familiar spirits and with wizards; he worked much evil in the eyes of Yahweh, making him angry.
 

7He set the engraved image of the idol that he had made in God’s house, of which God said to David and to Solomon his son, “In this house and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name forever;
  8neither will I any more remove the foot of Israel from off the land that I have appointed for your fathers, if only they will observe to do all that I have commanded them, even all the law and the statutes and the ordinances given by Moses.”
  9Manasseh seduced Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem so that they did more evil than did the nations that Yahweh destroyed before the children of Israel.
 

Manasseh’s Repentance

10Yahweh spoke to Manasseh and to his people, but they gave no heed.
  11Therefore Yahweh brought on them the captains of the army of the king of Assyria, who took Manasseh in chains and bound him with fetters and carried him to Babylon.
  12When he was in distress, he begged Yahweh his God, and humbled himself greatly before the God of his fathers.
  13He prayed to him, and he was entreated by him and heard his supplication and brought him again to Jerusalem into his kingdom. Then Manasseh knew that Yahweh was God.
 

14Now after this he built an outer wall to the city of David on the west side of Gihon, in the valley, even to the entrance at the fish gate; and he encircled Ophel with it and raised it up to a very great height, and he put valiant captains in all the fortified cities of Judah.
 

15He took away the foreign gods and the idol out of the house of Yahweh, and all the altars that he had built in the mountain of the house of Yahweh, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city.
  16He built up the altar of Yahweh and offered on it sacrifices of peace offerings and of thanksgiving, and commanded Judah to serve Yahweh the God of Israel.
  17Nevertheless the people sacrificed still in the high places, but only to Yahweh their God.
 

Manasseh’s Death

18Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and his prayer to his God and the words of the seers who spoke to him in the name of Yahweh the God of Israel, behold, they are written among the acts of the kings of Israel.
  19His prayer also, and how God was entreated by him, and all his sin and his unfaithfulness and the places where he built high places and set up the Asherah poles and the carved images, before he humbled himself, behold, they are written in the history of Hozai.
  20So Manasseh slept with his fathers, and they buried him in his own house, and Amon his son reigned in his place.
 

Judah’s King Amon

21Amon was 22 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem.
  22He did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh, as did Manasseh his father; and Amon sacrificed to all the engraved images that Manasseh his father had made, and served them.
  23He did not humble himself before Yahweh as Manasseh his father had humbled himself, but this same Amon trespassed more and more.
 

24His servants conspired against him and put him to death in his own house.
  25But the people of the land killed all those who had conspired against king Amon, and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his place.
 


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Judah’s King Josiah

1Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 31 years in Jerusalem.
  2He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh and walked in the ways of David his father, and did not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.
 

Josiah’s Reform

3For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was still young, he began to seek after the God of David his father, and in the 12th year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem from the high places, and the Asherah poles, and the engraved images, and the cast metal images.
  4They broke down the altars of the Baals in his presence, and he cut down the incense altars that were high above them; and he broke in pieces the Asherah poles and the engraved images and the cast metal images and made dust of them, and scattered it on the graves of those who had sacrificed to them.
  5He burned the bones of the priests on their altars and purged Judah and Jerusalem.
  6He did this in the cities of Manasseh and Ephraim and Simeon, as far as Naphtali, around in their ruins.
  7He broke down the altars and beat the Asherah poles and the carved images into powder and cut down all the incense altars throughout all the land of Israel, and returned to Jerusalem.
 

Josiah’s Repair of the Temple

8Now in the 18th year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house of God, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah and Maaseiah the governor of the city and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder to repair the house of Yahweh his God.
 

9They came to Hilkiah the high priest and delivered the money that was brought into the house of God, which the Levites, the keepers of the threshold, had gathered of the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim and of all the remnant of Israel, and of all Judah and Benjamin, and of the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
  10They delivered it into the hand of the workmen who had the oversight of the house of Yahweh, and the workmen who labored in the house of Yahweh gave it to mend and repair the house;
  11that is, they gave it to the carpenters and to the builders to buy cut stone and timber for joining and making beams for the buildings that the kings of Judah had destroyed.
 

12The men did the work faithfully, and their overseers were Jahath and Obadiah the Levites, of the sons of Merari; and Zechariah and Meshullam of the sons of the Kohathites to have oversight; and others of the Levites, all who were skillful with instruments of music.
  13Also they were over the ones who carried burdens and were overseeing all who did the work in every kind of service; and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and gatekeepers.
 

The Recovery of the Book of the Law

14When they brought out the money that was brought into the house of Yahweh, Hilkiah the priest found the scroll of the law of Yahweh given by the hand of Moses.
  15Hilkiah answered Shaphan the scribe, “I have found the scroll of the law in the house of Yahweh.” Hilkiah delivered the scroll to Shaphan.
 

16Shaphan carried the scroll to the king, and moreover brought back word to the king, saying, “All that was committed to your servants, they are doing.
  17They have emptied out the money that was found in the house of Yahweh and have delivered it into the hand of the overseers and into the hand of the workmen.”
  18Shaphan the scribe told the king, saying, “Hilkiah the priest has delivered to me a scroll.” Shaphan read from it in the presence of the king.
 

19It came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the law, that he tore his clothes.
  20The king commanded Hilkiah, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Abdon the son of Micah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying,
  21“Go inquire of Yahweh for me and for those who are left in Israel and in Judah concerning the words of the scroll that has been found; for great is the wrath of Yahweh that is poured out on us because our fathers have not kept the word of Yahweh to do according to all that is written in this scroll.”
 

Huldah’s Prophecy of Judgment

22So Hilkiah and they whom the king had commanded went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe (now she lived in Jerusalem in the second quarter) and they spoke to her to that effect.
 

23She said to them, “This is what Yahweh the God of Israel says: ‘Tell the man who sent you to me,
  24“This is what Yahweh says: ‘Behold, I will bring evil on this place and on its inhabitants, even all the curses that are written in the scroll that they have read before the king of Judah.
  25Because they have forsaken me and have turned incense into smoke-perfume to other gods, so that they have made me angry by all the works of their hands, therefore my wrath will be poured out on this place, and it will not be quenched.’
  26But to the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of Yahweh, you are to tell him this: ‘This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: “As touching the words that you have heard,
  27because your heart was tender and you humbled yourself before God when you heard his words against this place and against its inhabitants, and have humbled yourself before me, and have torn your clothes and wept before me, I also have heard you,” says Yahweh.
  28“Behold, I will gather you to your fathers, and you will be gathered to your grave in peace, neither will your eyes see all the evil that I will bring on this place and on its inhabitants.”’”’”

They brought back word to the king.
 

Affirmation of the Covenant by Josiah and the People

29Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
  30The king went up to the house of Yahweh, and all the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the priests and the Levites and all the people, both great and small; and he read in their ears all the words of the scroll of the covenant that was found in the house of Yahweh.
  31The king stood in his place and cut a covenant before Yahweh, to walk after Yahweh and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all his heart and with all his soul, to perform the words of the covenant that were written in this scroll.
 

32And he made all who were found in Jerusalem and Benjamin to stand to it. And all the inhabitants of Jerusalem carried out the covenant of God, the God of their fathers.
 

33And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the territory that belonged to the children of Israel and made all who were found in Israel to serve, yes, to serve Yahweh their God. All his days they did not depart from following after Yahweh the God of their fathers.
 


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Josiah’s Passover Observance

1Josiah kept a Passover to Yahweh in Jerusalem, and they killed the Passover on the 14th day of the first month.
  2He set the priests in their offices and encouraged them to the service of the house of Yahweh.
  3He said to the Levites who taught all Israel, who were holy to Yahweh, “Put the holy ark in the house that Solomon the son of David king of Israel built. There will no more be a burden on your shoulders. Now serve Yahweh your God and his people Israel.
 

4“Prepare yourselves after your fathers’ houses by your divisions, according to the writing of David king of Israel and according to the writing of Solomon his son.
  5Stand in the holy place according to the divisions of the fathers’ houses of your brothers the children of the people, and let there be for each a portion of a fathers’ house of the Levites.
  6Kill the Passover and make yourselves holy, and prepare for your brothers to do according to the word of Yahweh by Moses.”
 

7Josiah gave to the children of the people of the flock, lambs and young goats, all of them for the Passover offerings to all who were present, to the number of 30,000, and 3,000 bulls: these were of the king’s substance.
 

8His officials gave for a freewill offering to the people, to the priests and to the Levites. Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, the rulers of God’s house, gave to the priests for the Passover offerings 2,600 small livestock and 300 head of cattle.
  9Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethanel, his brothers, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, the chiefs of the Levites, gave to the Levites for the Passover offerings 5,000 small livestock and 500 head of cattle.
 

10So the service was prepared and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites by their divisions according to the king’s commandment.
  11They killed the Passover, and the priests sprinkled the blood that they received of their hand, and the Levites flayed them.
  12They removed the burnt offerings, that they might give them according to the divisions of the fathers’ houses of the children of the people to offer to Yahweh, as it is written in the book of Moses. So they did with the cattle.
  13They roasted the Passover with fire according to the ordinance, and the holy offerings boiled they in pots and in caldrons and in pans, and carried them quickly to all the children of the people.
  14Afterward they prepared for themselves and for the priests, because the priests the sons of Aaron were busy with offering the burnt offerings and the fat until night; therefore the Levites prepared for themselves and for the priests the sons of Aaron.
 

15The singers the sons of Asaph were in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king’s seer; and the gatekeepers were at every gate; they did not need to depart from their service, for their brothers the Levites prepared for them.
 

16So all the service of Yahweh was prepared the same day, to keep the Passover and to offer burnt offerings on the altar of Yahweh according to the commandment of king Josiah.
  17The children of Israel who were present kept the Passover at that time, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days.
  18There was no Passover like that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did any of the kings of Israel keep such a Passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel who were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
  19In the 18th year of the reign of Josiah this Passover was kept.
 

Josiah’s Last Deeds and Death

20After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Neco king of Egypt went up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates, and Josiah went out against him.
  21But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, “What have I to do with you, you king of Judah? I am not coming against you this day, but against the house with which I have war. God has commanded me to make haste. Beware that it is God who is with me, that he not destroy you.”
 

22Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and did not listen to the words of Neco from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
  23The archers shot at king Josiah, and the king said to his servants, “Take me away, because I am seriously wounded!”
  24So his servants took him out of the chariot and put him in the second chariot that he had, and brought him to Jerusalem; and he died and was buried in the tombs of his fathers. All Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah.
  25Jeremiah lamented for Josiah, and all the singing men and singing women spoke of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and they made them an ordinance in Israel; and behold, they are written in the Laments.
 

26Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and his covenant faithfulness in accord with what is written in the law of Yahweh,
  27and his acts, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.
 


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Judah’s King Jehoahaz

1Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah and made him king in his father’s place in Jerusalem.
 

2Jehoahaz was 23 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem.
  3The king of Egypt deposed him at Jerusalem and fined the land 100 talents of silver and a talent of gold.
 

Judah’s King Jehoiakim

4The king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem and changed his name to Jehoiakim. Neco took Joahaz his brother and carried him to Egypt.
 

5Jehoiakim was 25 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 11 years in Jerusalem; and he did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh his God.
  6Against him came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters to carry him to Babylon.
  7Nebuchadnezzar also carried off the vessels of the house of Yahweh to Babylon and put them in his temple at Babylon.
 

8Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim and his abominations that he did, and what was found against him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah; and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.
 

Judah’s King Jehoiachin

9Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem; and he did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
  10At the return of the year king Nebuchadnezzar sent and brought him to Babylon with the valuable articles of the house of Yahweh, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.
 

Judah’s King Zedekiah

11Zedekiah was 21 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 11 years in Jerusalem;
  12and he did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh his God; he did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of Yahweh.
  13He also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar who had made him swear by God; but he stiffened his neck and hardened his heart against turning to Yahweh the God of Israel.
  14Moreover all the chiefs of the priests and the people trespassed very greatly after all the abominations of the nations, and they polluted the house of Yahweh that he had made holy in Jerusalem.
 

The Destruction of Jerusalem

15Yahweh the God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up early and sending, because he had compassion on his people and on his dwelling place:
  16but they mocked the messengers of God and despised his words, and scoffed at his prophets until the wrath of Yahweh arose against his people, until there was no remedy.
  17Therefore he brought on them the king of the Chaldeans, who killed their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or gray–headed; he gave them all into his hand.
  18All the vessels of God’s house, great and small, and the treasures of the house of Yahweh and the treasures of the king and of his officials, all these he brought to Babylon.
  19They burned God’s house and broke down the wall of Jerusalem and burned all its palaces with fire and destroyed all its valuable articles.
 

20He carried those who had escaped from the sword away to Babylon, and they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia,
  21to fulfill the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah until the land had made up for its Sabbaths. As long as it lay desolate it kept Sabbath to fulfill seventy years.
 

The Decree of Cyrus

22Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of Yahweh by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, Yahweh stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia so that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom and put it also in writing, saying,
 

23“This is what Cyrus king of Persia says, ‘Yahweh the God of heaven has given all the kingdoms of the earth to me, and he has commanded me to build him a house in Jerusalem that is in Judah. Whoever there is among you of all his people, Yahweh his God be with him, and let him go up.’”


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