2 Chronicles Chapter 34  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Chr 34
Judah’s King Josiah

1Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 31 years in Jerusalem.
  2He did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh and walked in the ways of David his father, and did not turn aside to the right hand or to the left.

Josiah’s Reform

3For in the eighth year of his reign, while he was still young, he began to seek after the God of David his father, and in the twelfth year he began to purge Judah and Jerusalem of the shrines, and the Asherah poles, and the engraved images, and the cast metal images.
  4They broke down the altars of the Baals in his presence, and he cut down the incense altars that were high above them; and he broke in pieces the Asherah poles and the engraved images and the cast metal images and made dust of them, and scattered it on the graves of those who had sacrificed to them.
  5He burned the bones of the priests on their altars and purged Judah and Jerusalem.
  6He did this in the cities of Manasseh and Ephraim and Simeon, as far as Naphtali, around in their ruins.
  7He broke down the altars and beat the Asherah poles and the carved images into powder and cut down all the incense altars throughout all the land of Israel, and returned to Jerusalem.

Josiah’s Repair of the Temple

8Now in the eighteenth year of his reign, when he had purged the land and the house of God, he sent Shaphan the son of Azaliah and Maaseiah the governor of the city and Joah the son of Joahaz the recorder to repair the house of Yahweh his God.

9They came to Hilkiah the high priest and delivered the money that was brought into the house of God, which the Levites, the guards of the threshold, had gathered of the hand of Manasseh and Ephraim and of all the remnant of Israel, and of all Judah and Benjamin, and of the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
  10They delivered it into the hand of the workmen who had the oversight of the house of Yahweh, and the workmen who labored in the house of Yahweh gave it to mend and repair the house;
  11that is, they gave it to the carpenters and to the builders to buy cut stone and timber for joining and making beams for the buildings that the kings of Judah had destroyed.

12The men did the work faithfully, and their overseers were Jahath and Obadiah the Levites, of the sons of Merari; and Zechariah and Meshullam of the sons of the Kohathites to have oversight; and others of the Levites, all who were skillful with instruments of music.
  13Also they were over the ones who carried burdens and were overseeing all who did the work in every kind of service; and of the Levites there were scribes, and officers, and gatekeepers.

The Recovery of the Book of the Law

14When they brought out the money that was brought into the house of Yahweh, Hilkiah the priest found the scroll of the law of Yahweh given by the hand of Moses.
  15Hilkiah answered Shaphan the scribe, “I have found the Book of the Law in the house of Yahweh.” Hilkiah delivered the scroll to Shaphan.

16Shaphan carried the scroll to the king, and moreover brought back word to the king, saying, “All that was committed to your servants, they are doing.
  17They have emptied out the money that was present in the house of Yahweh and have delivered it into the hand of the overseers and into the hand of the workmen.”
  18Shaphan the scribe told the king, saying, “Hilkiah the priest has delivered to me a scroll.” Shaphan read from it in the presence of the king.

19And when the king heard the words of the law, he tore his clothes.
  20The king commanded Hilkiah, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Abdon the son of Micah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying,
  21“Go inquire of Yahweh for me and for those who are left in Israel and in Judah concerning the words of the scroll that has been found; for great is the wrath of Yahweh that is poured out on us because our fathers have not kept the word of Yahweh to do according to all that is written in this scroll.”

Huldah’s Prophecy of Judgment

22So Hilkiah and they whom the king had commanded went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe. And she lived in Jerusalem in the second district, and they spoke to her to that effect.

23She said to them, “This is what Yahweh the God of Israel says: ‘Say to the man who sent you to me,
  24“This is what Yahweh says: ‘Behold, I will bring evil on this place and on its inhabitants, even all the curses that are written in the scroll that has been read before the king of Judah.
  25Because they have forsaken me and have burned incense to other gods, making me angry by all the work of their hands, therefore my wrath will be poured out on this place, and it will not be quenched.’
  26But to the king of Judah who sent you to inquire of Yahweh, you are to say this to him: This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: As for the words that you have heard,
  27because your heart was tender and you humbled yourself before God when you heard his words against this place and against its inhabitants, and have humbled yourself before me, and you have torn your clothes and wept before me, I also have heard you,” says Yahweh.
  28“Behold, I will gather you to your fathers, and you will be gathered to your grave in peace so that your eyes will not see all the evil that I will bring on this place and on its inhabitants.” And they brought back this message to the king.

Affirmation of the Covenant by Josiah and the People

29Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
  30The king went up to the house of Yahweh, and all the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and the priests and the Levites and all the people, both great and small; and he read in their ears all the words of the scroll of the covenant that was found in the house of Yahweh.
  31The king stood in his place and cut a covenant before Yahweh, to walk after Yahweh and to keep his commandments and his testimonies and his statutes with all his heart and with all his soul, to perform the words of the covenant that were written in this scroll.

32And he made all who were found in Jerusalem and Benjamin to stand to it. And all the inhabitants of Jerusalem carried out the covenant of God, the God of their fathers.

33And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the territory that belonged to the children of Israel and made all who were found in Israel to serve, yes, to serve Yahweh their God. All his days they did not depart from following after Yahweh the God of their fathers.

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