2 Chronicles Chapter 18  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Chr 18
Jehoshaphat’s Alliance with Ahab

1Now Jehoshaphat had riches and honor in abundance, and he formed a marriage alliance with Ahab.
  2After certain years he went down to Ahab to Samaria. Ahab killed sheep and cattle for him in abundance, and for the people who were with him, and moved him to go up with him to Ramoth-gilead.
  3Ahab king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, “Will you go with me to Ramoth-gilead?” He answered him, “I am as you are, and my people as your people. We will be with you in the war.”
  4Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please inquire first for the word of Yahweh.”

5Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, 400 men, and said to them, “Should we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or should I refrain?” They said, “Go up, for God will deliver it into the hand of the king.”

6But Jehoshaphat said, “Isn’t there here a prophet of Yahweh besides, that we may inquire of him?”

7The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, but I hate him, for he never prophesies good concerning me, but always evil. He is Micaiah the son of Imla.” Jehoshaphat said, “Do not let the king say so.”

8Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Get Micaiah the son of Imla quickly.”

9Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat each on his throne, arrayed in their cloaks, and they were sitting at a threshing-floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying before them.
  10Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron and said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘With these you will push the Syrians until they are consumed.’”
  11All the prophets prophesied so, saying, “Go up to Ramoth-gilead, and prosper; for Yahweh will deliver it into the hand of the king.”

Micaiah’s Message of Defeat

12The messenger who went to call Micaiah spoke to him, saying, “Behold, the words of the prophets declare good to the king with one mouth. Let your word therefore please be like one of theirs, and speak good.”

13Micaiah said, “As Yahweh lives, what my God says, that I will speak.”

14When he had come to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or should I refrain?” He said, “Go up, and prosper. They will be delivered into your hand.”

15The king said to him, “How many times must I adjure you that you speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of Yahweh?”

16He said, “I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains like sheep that have no shepherd. Yahweh said, ‘These have no lord. Let them return every man to his house in peace.’”

17The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Did I not tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?”

18Micaiah said, “Therefore hear the word of Yahweh: I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne, and all the army of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left.
  19Yahweh said, ‘Who will entice Ahab, king of Israel, so that he will go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ One spoke saying in this way, and another saying in that way.

20“A spirit came out, stood before Yahweh and said, ‘I will entice him.’ “Yahweh said to him, ‘How?’

21“He said, ‘I will go out, and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ “He said, ‘You will entice him and will prevail also. Go out and do so.’

22“Now therefore, behold, Yahweh has put a lying spirit in the mouth of these your prophets, and Yahweh has spoken evil concerning you.”

23Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “Which way did the spirit of Yahweh go from me to speak to you?”

24Micaiah said, “Behold, you will see on that day, when you will go into an inner room to hide yourself.”

25The king of Israel said, “Take Micaiah and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the king’s son
  26and say, ‘This is what the king says, “Put this fellow in the prison and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction until I return in peace.”’”

27Micaiah said, “If you return at all in peace, Yahweh has not spoken by me.” He said, “Listen, you peoples, all of you!”

Ahab’s Death

28So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead.
  29The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you put on your cloaks.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and they went into the battle.

30Now the king of Syria had commanded the captains of his chariots, saying, “Fight neither with small nor great, except only with the king of Israel.”

31It came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, “It is the king of Israel!” Therefore they turned around to fight against him. But Jehoshaphat cried out, and Yahweh helped him; and God moved them to depart from him.
  32It came to pass when the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel that they turned back from pursuing him.

33A certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel between the joints of the armor. Therefore he said to the driver of the chariot, “Turn your hand and carry me out of the army, for I am severely wounded.”
  34The battle increased that day. However the king of Israel propped himself up in his chariot against the Syrians until the evening; and about the time of the going down of the sun, he died.

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