And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, “Whose is the land?” Also saying, “Cut a covenant with me, and behold, my hand will be with you to bring all Israel around to you!” Bible

“Whose is the land.” Exactly what Abner meant by that statement is debated, but the most likely explanation is that Abner knew Yahweh had given the land to David, which is why he wanted to cut a covenant with David, but Abner also knew that there was a lot of work to be done to bring the tribes of Israel firmly under David’s hand and so David would want to make a covenant with Abner. The terms of the covenant are never mentioned but it likely involved Abner having a position of power in David’s kingdom.

Commentary for: 2 Samuel 3:12