2 Samuel Chapter 11  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 11
David and Bathsheba

1And in the spring of the year, at the time when kings go out to battle, David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel, and they laid waste the children of Ammon and besieged Rabbah, but David stayed at Jerusalem.

2One evening David arose from his bed and walked on the roof of the king’s house, and from the roof he saw a woman bathing, and the woman was very beautiful in appearance.
  3So David sent and inquired about the woman. And someone said, “Is this not Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?”

4Then David sent messengers and took her, and she came to him and he lay with her (now she had just purified herself from her uncleanness), and she returned to her house.
  5And the woman conceived, and she sent and told David and said, “I am with child.”

6So David sent to Joab, “Send me Uriah the Hittite.” And Joab sent Uriah to David.
  7When Uriah had come to him, David asked him how Joab was doing and how the people were doing and how the war was going.
  8Then David said to Uriah, “Go down to your house and wash your feet.” Uriah departed out of the king’s house and a portion of food from the king was sent out after him.
  9But Uriah lay at the entrance of the king’s house with all the servants of his lord and did not go down to his house.

10When they had told David, saying, “Uriah did not go down to his house,” David said to Uriah, “Haven’t you come from a journey? Why didn’t you go down to your house?”

11Then Uriah said to David, “The ark, Israel and Judah are staying in booths, and my lord Joab and the servants of my lord are encamped in the open field. How can I then go into my house to eat and to drink and to lie with my wife? As you live and as your soul lives I will not do this thing!”

12David said to Uriah, “Stay here today also, and tomorrow I will send you off.” So Uriah stayed in Jerusalem that day. And the next day,
  13when David had called him, he ate and drank in his presence, and he made him drunk. He went out in the evening to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but did not go down to his house.

Uriah’s Death Arranged

14In the morning David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah.
  15And He wrote in the letter, saying, “Put Uriah in front of the fiercest point of the battle and pull back from him, so that he will be struck down and die.”

16So as Joab kept watch over the city, he assigned Uriah to the place where he knew that valiant men were.
  17The men of the city went out and fought with Joab. Some of the people fell, some of the servants of David, and Uriah the Hittite died also.

18Then Joab sent and told David all the things about the battle.
  19And he commanded the messenger, saying, “When you have finished telling all the things about the battle to the king,
  20if the king’s wrath arises and he asks you, ‘Why did you go so near to the city to fight? Did you not know that they would shoot from the wall?
  21Who struck down Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? Didn’t a woman cast an upper millstone on him from the wall, so that he died at Thebez? Why did you go so near the wall?’ Then you are to say, ‘Your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.’”

22So the messenger went, and he came and told David all that Joab had sent him to say.
  23The messenger said to David, “The men gained an advantage over us, and they came out against us in the field, but we drove them back as far as the entrance of the gate.
  24But the shooters shot at your servants from off the wall, and some of the king’s servants are dead, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.”

25Then David said to the messenger, “Say this to Joab, ‘Do not let this thing be evil in your eyes, for the sword devours one as well as another. Make your battle stronger against the city and overthrow it.’ So you are to encourage him.”

26When the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she lamented over her husband.
  27When the time of mourning was past, David sent and brought her to his house and she became his wife and bore him a son. But the thing that David had done was evil in the eyes of Yahweh.

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