1It came to pass after this that the king of the children of Ammon died and Hanun his son reigned in his place.
2David said, “I will show kindness to Hanun the son of Nahash just as his father showed kindness to me.”
So David sent by his servants to comfort him concerning his father. David’s servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.
3But the officials of the children of Ammon said to Hanun their lord, “Do you think that David honors your father in that he has sent comforters to you? Hasn’t David sent his servants to you to search the city, and to spy it out and to overthrow it?”
4So Hanun took David’s servants and shaved off the one half of their beards and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.
6When the children of Ammon saw that they Had become a stench to David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Beth Rehob and the Syrians of Zobah, 20,000 footmen, and the king of Maacah with 1,000 men, and the men of Tob 12,000 men.
7When David heard of it, he sent Joab and all the army of the mighty men.
8The children of Ammon came out and drew up in battle formation at the entrance of the gate, and the Syrians of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the open country.
9Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him in front and in the rear, he chose some of all the best men of Israel and set them in battle formation against the Syrians.
10The rest of the people he committed into the hand of Abishai his brother, and he set them in battle formation against the children of Ammon.
11He said, “If the Syrians are too strong for me, then you will help me; but if the children of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come and help you.
12Be courageous and let us be strong for our people and for the cities of our God, and Yahweh will do what seems good to him.”
13So Joab and the people who were with him drew near to the battle against the Syrians, and they fled before him.
14And when the sons of Ammon saw that the Syrians had fled, they likewise fled before Abishai, and entered into the city. Then Joab returned from the children of Ammon and came to Jerusalem.
15When the Syrians saw that they were defeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together.
16And Hadadezer sent and brought out the Syrians who were beyond the Euphrates River, and they came to Helam with Shobach the captain of the army of Hadadezer at their head.
17And when it was told to David, and he gathered all Israel together and passed over the Jordan and came to Helam. The Syrians set themselves in battle formation against David and fought with him.
18The Syrians fled before Israel, and David killed of the Syrians 700 charioteers and 40,000 horsemen and struck Shobach the captain of their army so that he died there.
19When all the kings who were servants to Hadadezer saw that they were defeated before Israel, they made peace with Israel and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.