2 Samuel Chapter 12  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Sam 12
Nathan Rebukes David

1And Yahweh sent Nathan to David. He came to him and said to him,

“There were two men in one city, the one rich, and the other poor.
  2The rich man had very many flocks and herds,
  3but the poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and raised. It grew up together with him and with his children. It ate of his own food, drank of his own cup and lay in his bosom, and was like a daughter to him.
  4Now a traveler came to the rich man, and he refrained from taking from his own flock and of his own herd to prepare for the wayfaring man who had come to him, but took the poor man’s lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.”

5David’s anger was greatly kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As Yahweh lives, the man who has done this deserves to die!
  6He must restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing and because he had no pity!”

7Nathan said to David, “You are the man. This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: ‘I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you out of the hand of Saul.
  8I gave you your master’s house and your master’s wives into your bosom, and gave you the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that would have been too little, I would have added to you many more such things.
  9Why have you despised the word of Yahweh to do what is evil in his eyes? You have struck Uriah the Hittite with the sword and have taken his wife to be your wife, and have slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
  10Now therefore the sword will never depart from your house, because you have despised me and have taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.’

11“This is what Yahweh says: ‘Behold, I will raise up evil against you out of your own house, and I will take your wives before your eyes and give them to your neighbor, and he will lie with your wives in the sight of this sun.
  12For you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel and before the sun.’”

13David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against Yahweh.”

Nathan said to David, “Yahweh also has put away your sin. You will not die.
  14However, because by this deed you have shown contempt, yes, contempt for Yahweh, the child also who is born to you will die, yes, die.”
  15Nathan departed to his house.

David's Child Dies

Yahweh struck the child that Uriah’s wife bore to David, and it was very sick.
  16David therefore begged God for the child, and David fasted and went in and lay all night on the earth.
  17The elders of his house arose beside him to raise him up from the earth, but he would not, nor did he eat bread with them.

18It came to pass on the seventh day that the child died. The servants of David were afraid to tell him that the child was dead, for they said, “Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spoke to him and he did not listen to our voice. How can we tell him the child is dead? He may do some harm!

19But when David saw that his servants were whispering together, David perceived that the child was dead; and David said to his servants, “Is the child dead?”

They said, “He is dead.”

20Then David arose from the earth and washed and anointed himself and changed his clothing, and he came into the house of Yahweh and worshiped. Then he came to his own house, and when he requested, they set bread before him and he ate.

21Then his servants said to him, “What is this that you have done? You fasted and wept for the child while he was alive, but now that the child is dead, you get up and eat bread.”

22He said, “While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept, for I said, ‘Who knows? Yahweh may be gracious to me and the child may live?’
  23But now he is dead. Why should I fast? Can I bring him back again? I will go to him, but he will not return to me.”

The Birth of Solomon

24And David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and went in to her and lay with her. And she bore a son and he called his name Solomon. And Yahweh loved him,
  25and he sent a message by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he named him Jedidiah, for Yahweh’s sake.

The City of Rabbah Is Captured

26Now Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon and took the royal city.
  27And Joab sent messengers to David and said, “I have fought against Rabbah. Yes, I have taken the city of waters.
  28Now therefore gather the rest of the people together and encamp against the city and take it, lest I take the city and it be called by my name.”
  29So David gathered all the people together and went to Rabbah, and fought against it and took it.
  30He took the crown of their king from off his head, and its weight was a talent of gold, and in it were precious stones; and it was set on David’s head. He brought out the spoil of the city, exceeding much.
  31He brought out the people who were in it and set them to labor with saws and with iron picks and with axes of iron, and made them toil at the brick kiln; and he did so to all the cities of the children of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

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