2 Chronicles Chapter 32  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Chr 32
 
Sennacherib’s Invasion

1After these things and these faithful acts, Sennacherib king of Assyria came into Judah and encamped against the fortified cities, and intended to break into them and capture them for himself.
  2When Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come, and his face was set to fight against Jerusalem,
  3he took counsel with his officials and his mighty men to block off the water of the springs that were outside of the city, and they supported him.
  4So many people gathered together, and they blocked off all the springs and the brook that flowed through the land, saying, “Why should the kings of Assyria come and find abundant water?”
  5He strengthened himself and built up all of the wall that had been broken down and raised it up to the towers, and the other wall outside, and strengthened Millo in the city of David and made an abundance of weapons and shields.
  6He set commanders of war over the people and gathered them together to himself in the open space at the gate of the city, and spoke encouragingly to them, saying,
  7“Be strong and courageous, do not be afraid nor distressed because of the king of Assyria, nor because of all the multitude who is with him, for with us is One greater than whoever is with him.
  8With him is an arm of flesh, but with us is Yahweh our God to help us and to fight our battles.” The people relied upon on the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.
 

Sennacherib’s Servant’s Speech

9After this, Sennacherib king of Assyria (who was at Lachish, and all his forces with him) sent his servants to Jerusalem to Hezekiah king of Judah, and to all Judah who were in Jerusalem, saying,
  10“This is what Sennacherib king of Assyria says, ‘On what are you trusting while you sit under siege in Jerusalem?’
  11Isn’t Hezekiah misleading you, to allow you to die by famine and by thirst, by saying, “Yahweh our God will rescue us out of the hand of the king of Assyria?”
  12Hasn’t this same Hezekiah taken away hisa shrines and his altars and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying, “You must worship before one altar, and only on it you are to burn incense?
 

13Don’t you know what I and my fathers have done to all the peoples of the lands? Were the gods of the nations of the lands able, yes, able to rescue their land out of my hand?
  14Who among all the gods of those nations that my fathers devoted to destruction could rescue his people out of my hand, such that your god will be able to rescue you out of my hand?
  15So now do not let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you in this way, and do not believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom has been able to rescue his people out of my hand and out of the hand of my fathers. How much less will your god rescue you out of my hand?”
 

16And his servants said even more against Yahweh God and against his servant Hezekiah.
  17He also wrote letters to insult Yahweh the God of Israel and to speak against him, saying, “Just as the gods of the nations of the other lands have not rescued their people out of my hand, so the god of Hezekiah will not rescue his people out of my hand.”
 

18And they shouted out with a loud voice in the language of the Judeans to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall, to frighten them and to terrify them so that they could capture the city.
  19And they spoke about the God of Jerusalem like they did about the gods of the other peoples of the earth, which are the work of human hands.
 

Deliverance from Sennacherib

20Hezekiah the king and Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, prayed about this, and cried out to heaven.
  21So Yahweh sent an angel, who wiped out all the mighty men of valor and the leaders and commanders in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. When he had come into the house of his god, some of his own sons struck him down there with the sword.
 

22So Yahweh saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria and from the hand of all his enemies, and he gave them rest on every side.b
  23And many brought gifts to Jerusalem to Yahweh, and precious things to Hezekiah king of Judah, such that he was exalted in the eyes of all nations from that time onward.
 

Hezekiah’s Illness and Pride

24In those days Hezekiah was sick to the point of death, and he prayed to Yahweh, and Yahwehc spoke to him and gave him a sign.
  25But Hezekiah did not respond according to the benefit he received,d for his heart was proud, so there was wrath hanging over him and over Judah and Jerusalem.
  26But then Hezekiah humbled himself for being proud of heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of Yahweh did not come on them in the days of Hezekiah.
 

Hezekiah’s Wealth and Works

27Hezekiah had very great riches and honor, and he made for himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all kinds of valuable articles,
  28and storehouses for the harvest of grain and new wine and oil, and stalls for all kinds of livestock, and sheepfolds for the flocks.
  29And he made for himself cities and had flocks and herds in abundance, for God had given him very many possessions.
 

30And he, Hezekiah, blocked off the upper spring of the waters of Gihon and brought them directly down to the west side of the city of David. Hezekiah succeeded in all his works.
  31However, in the matter of the ambassadors whom the officials of Babylon sent to him to inquire about the sign that was done in the land, God left him to himself to test him, in order to know all that was in his heart.
 

Hezekiah’s Death

32Now the rest of the events of Hezekiah’s reign and his faithful acts, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz, in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel.
  33Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the ascent to the tombs of the sons of David. And all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem honored him at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his place.
 


a[12]
I.e., “Yahweh’s”
b[22]
Heb. “guided them on every side”
c[24]
Lit. “he” referring to Yahweh
d[25]
Lit. “upon him”

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