2 Chronicles Chapter 20  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Chr 20
War against Eastern Enemies

1And after this the children of Moab and the children of Ammon, and with them some of the Meunites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle.
  2Then some men came and told Jehoshaphat, saying, “A great multitude is coming against you from beyond the Dead Sea, from Edom. Behold, they are in Hazazon-tamar” (that is, En-gedi).
  3And Jehoshaphat was afraid, and he set his face to seek Yahweh. He proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.
  4Judah gathered together to seek help from Yahweh. They came out of all the cities of Judah to seek Yahweh.

Jehoshaphat’s Prayer

5Jehoshaphat stood in the assembly of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of Yahweh, before the new court;
  6and he said, “Yahweh, the God of our fathers, are you not he, the God in heaven? Aren’t you ruler over all the kingdoms of the nations? Power and might are in your hand, so that no one is able to withstand you.
  7Did you not, our God, drive out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel and give it permanently to the seed of Abraham your friend?
  8They have lived in it and have built you a sanctuary in it for your name, saying,
  9‘If evil comes upon us—sword, judgment, pestilence, or famine—we will stand before this house and before you, for your name is in this house, and cry out to you in our affliction, and you will hear and save us.’

10“And now look! The children of Ammon and Moab and Mount Seir, whom you would not let Israel invade when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned aside from them and did not destroy them,
  11look how they repay us by coming to cast us out of your possession that you have given to us to inherit.
  12Our God, will you not judge them? For we have no might against this great multitude that comes against us, nor do we know what to do, but our eyes are on you.”

God’s Answer

13All Judah stood before Yahweh, with their little ones, their wives and their children.
  14Then the spirit of Yahweh came on Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, the Levite of the sons of Asaph, in the midst of the assembly;
  15and he said, “Listen, all Judah and inhabitants of Jerusalem and King Jehoshaphat. This is what Yahweh says to you, ‘Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed because of this great multitude, for the battle is not yours, but God’s.
  16Tomorrow go down against them. Look, they are coming up by the ascent of Ziz. You will find them at the end of the valley before the wilderness of Jeruel.
  17You will not need to fight this battle. Position yourselves, stand firm, and see the salvation of Yahweh on your behalf, O Judah and Jerusalem. Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed. Go out against them tomorrow, for Yahweh is with you.’”

18Then Jehoshaphat knelt down with his face to the ground, and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell down before Yahweh, worshiping Yahweh.
  19The Levites, of the children of the Kohathites and of the children of the Korahites, stood up to praise Yahweh the God of Israel with an exceedingly loud voice.

Victory and Plunder

20They rose early in the morning and went out into the wilderness of Tekoa, and as they went out, Jehoshaphat stood and said, “Listen to me, Judah, and you inhabitants of Jerusalem! Believe in Yahweh your God and you will be established! Believe his prophets and you will succeed.”
  21When he had consulted with the people, he appointed men to sing to Yahweh and give praise in holy attire as they went out in front of the army, and say, “Give thanks to Yahweh; for his covenant faithfulness endures forever.”

22When they began to sing and to praise, Yahweh set an ambush against the children of Ammon, Moab, and Mount Seir who had come against Judah, and they were defeated.
  23For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of Mount Seir, devoting them to destruction, and when they had made an end of destroying the inhabitants of Seir, they all helped to destroy each other.

24And when Judah came to the place that overlooks the wilderness, they looked at the multitude and behold, they were dead bodies fallen to the ground. And there were none who escaped.
  25When Jehoshaphat and his people came to take the spoil, they found among them an abundance of personal property and clothinga and desirable things that they took away for themselves, more than they could carry away, and they were three days in taking the spoil because it was so much.
  26On the fourth day they gathered together in the valley of Beracahb and there they blessed Yahweh. So the name of that place was called the Valley of Beracah to this day.

27Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, with Jehoshaphat at their front, returning to Jerusalem with joy, for Yahweh had caused them to rejoice over their enemies.
  28So they came to Jerusalem with lyres and harps and trumpets, coming to the house of Yahweh.

29And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of the countries when they heard that Yahweh had fought against the enemies of Israel.
  30So the kingdom of Jehoshaphat was quiet, for his God gave him rest all around.

Summary of Jehoshaphat’s Reign

31Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah. He was 35 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 25 years in Jerusalem, and his mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.
  32He walked in the way of Asa his father and did not turn aside from it, doing what was right in the eyes of Yahweh.
  33However the local shrines were not taken away, and the people had not yet set their hearts on the God of their fathers.

34Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first and last, behold, they are written in the history of Jehu the son of Hanani, which is included in the book of the kings of Israel.

Jehoshaphat’s Fleet of Ships

35After this, Jehoshaphat king of Judah made an alliance with Ahaziah king of Israel, who acted very wickedly,
  36and he made an alliance with him to build ships to go to Tarshish, and they built the ships at Ezion-geber.
  37Then Eliezer the son of Dodavahu of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, “Because you have made an alliance with Ahaziah, Yahweh has broken out against your works.” And the ships were broken, so they were not able to go to Tarshish.

The Masoretic Hebrew text says “dead bodies”
Lit. “blessing”

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