2 Chronicles Chapter 18  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 2 Chr 18
Jehoshaphat’s Alliance with Ahab

1Now Jehoshaphat had great riches and honor, anda he formed a marriage alliance with Ahab.
  2After some years he went down to Ahab in Samaria. Ahab killed very many sheep and cattle for him and for the people who were with him, and tried to persuade him to go up with him to Ramoth-gilead.
  3Ahab king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat king of Judah, “Will you go with me to Ramoth-gilead?” He answered him, “I am as you are, and my people are as your people. We will be with you in the war.”
  4But Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please first seek the word of Yahweh.”

5Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, 400 men, and said to them, “Should we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or should I refrain?” They said, “Go up, for God will give it into the hand of the king.”

6But Jehoshaphat said, “Isn’t there another prophet of Yahweh here, that we may inquire of him?”

7The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is one more man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, Micaiah the son of Imlah; but I hate him, for he does not prophesy good concerning me, but always evil. He is Micaiah the son of Imla.” Jehoshaphat said, “The king should not say such a thing.”

8Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Quickly! Bring Micaiah the son of Imlah.”

9Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were sitting, each on his throne and dressed in royal robes, and they were sitting at the threshing floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying before them.
  10And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made horns of iron for himself and said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘With these you will gore the Syrians until they are finished off.’”
  11All the prophets prophesied the same, saying, “Go up to Ramoth-gilead and succeed, for Yahweh will give it into the hand of the king!”

Micaiah’s Message of Defeat

12The messenger who went to call Micaiah spoke to him, saying, “See now, the words of the prophets are as one mouth declaring good for the king. So, let your word be like one of theirs, and speak that which is good.”

13But Micaiah said, “As Yahweh lives, whatever my God says, that is what I will speak.”

14When he had come to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or should I refrain?” He said, “Go up, and succeed. They will be given into your hand.”

15But the king said to him, “How many times do I have to make you swear that you are not to speak to me anything but the truth in the name of Yahweh?”

16Then he said, “I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains like sheep that have no shepherd. And Yahweh said, ‘These have no lord. Let them each return to his house in peace.’”

17The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Did I not tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but only evil?”

18Micaiah said, “That being the case, hear the word of Yahweh. I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne and all the army of heaven standing on his right hand and on his left.
  19Yahweh said, ‘Who will entice Ahab, king of Israel, so that he will go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ One spoke saying in this way, and another spoke saying in that way.

20“A spirit came out, stood before Yahweh and said, ‘I will entice him.’ “And Yahweh said to him, ‘How?’

21And he said, ‘I will go out and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ And he said, ‘You will entice him and will also prevail. Go out and do so.’

22“So now, behold, Yahweh has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all of these prophets of yours, and Yahweh has spoken evil concerning you.”

23Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “Which way did the spirit of Yahweh cross over from me to speak to you?”

24Then Micaiah said, “Behold, you will see on that day when you go into an inner room to hide!”

25Then the king of Israel said, “Take Micaiah and turn him over to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the son of the king
  26and say, ‘This is what the king says, “Put this man in the prison and feed him with only a little bread and waterb until I come back in peace.”’”

27But Micaiah said, “If you return, yes, return in peace, Yahweh has not spoken by me.” He said, “Listen, all you people!”

Ahab’s Death

28But the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead.
  29The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you put on your royal robes.” So the king of Israel disguised himself and went into the battle.

30Now the king of Syria had commanded the commanders of his chariots, saying, “Do not fight with small or great, but only with the king of Israel.”

31And when the commanders of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat they said, “It is the king of Israel!” So they turned to fight against him. But Jehoshaphat cried out for help, and Yahweh helped him; and God drew them away from him.
  32And when the commanders of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel they turned away from pursuing him.

33A certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel between the joints of the armor. Therefore he said to the driver of his chariot, “Turn your hand and take me out of the battle, for I am severely wounded.”
  34The battle increased that day. However the king of Israel propped himself up in his chariot facing the Syrians until the evening, and about the time of the going down of the sun, he died.

Or, “but”
Lit. “the bread of oppression and the water of oppression”

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