“goat-demons.” Demons have associated themselves with goats and appeared as goats or goat-men from very ancient times, and biblically, unbelievers are referred to as “goats” (Matt. 25:33). Israel worshiped goat-demons when they were in the wilderness (Lev. 17:7). [For more on Azazel and goat-demons, see commentaries on Lev. 16:8 and Isa. 14:9].