1 Samuel Chapter 17  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 17
 
David and Goliath

1Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and they were gathered together at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah in Ephes-dammim.
  2Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together and encamped in the valley of Elah, and had set their battle formations against the Philistines.
 

3The Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side, and there was a valley between them.
  4There went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines named Goliath of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.a
  5He had a helmet of bronze on his head and he was clothed with a coat of scale-armor, and the weight of the coat was 5,000 shekels of bronze.b
  6He had bronze shin armor on his legs and a javelin of bronze between his shoulders.
  7The staff of his spear was like a weaver’s beam and his spear’s head weighed 600 shekels of iron;c and his shield–bearer went in front of him.
 

8He stood and cried out to the armies of Israel and said to them, “Why have you come out to set up your battle lines? Am I not a Philistine, and you servants to Saul? Choose a man for yourselves and let him come down to me.
  9If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then will we be your servants. But if I prevail against him and kill him, then you will be our servants and serve us.”
  10The Philistine said, “I defy the armies of Israel this day! Give me a man so we can fight each other!”
  11When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
 

12Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah whose name was Jesse, and he had eight sons; and the man was an old man in the days of Saul, stricken among men.
  13The three eldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle, and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
  14David was the youngest, and the three eldest followed Saul.
  15Now David went back and forth from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.
 

16The Philistine drew near morning and evening and presented himself forty days.
  17Jesse said to David his son, “Now take for your brothers an ephah of this parched grain and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to your brothers;
  18and bring these ten cheeses to the captain of their 1,000 and see how your brothers are doing, and bring back news.”
  19Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
 

20David rose up early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper, and took the supplies and went, as Jesse had commanded him.

And he came to the place of the wagons as the army that was going forth to the fight shouted for the battle.
  21Israel and the Philistines set up their battle formations, army against army.
  22David left his baggage in the hand of the keeper of the baggage and ran to the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
  23As he talked with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the ranks of the Philistines, and spoke according to the same words; and David heard them.
  24All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were terrified.
 

25The men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who is coming up? Surely he is coming up to defy Israel. It will be that the man who kills him the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter and make his father’s house exempt from taxes in Israel.”
 

26David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, “What will be done to the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?”
 

27The people answered him in this way, saying, “That is what will be done to the man who kills him.”
 

28Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men, and Eliab’s anger was kindled against David and he said, “Why have you come down? With whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the wickedness of your heart, for you have come down so that you might see the battle.”
 

29David said, “What have I now done? Was it not just a question?”
  30He turned away from him toward another and spoke like that again, and the people answered him again the same way.
 

31When the words that David spoke were heard, they repeated them before Saul, and he sent for him.
  32David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail because of him. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”
 

33Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him, for you are but a youth, and he has been a man of war from his youth.”
 

34David said to Saul, “Your servant was keeping his father’s sheep, and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock,
  35I went out after him and struck him and rescued it out of his mouth. When he arose against me, I caught him by his beard and struck him and killed him.
  36Your servant struck both the lion and the bear. This uncircumcised Philistine will be as one of them, since he has defied the armies of the living God.”
  37David said, “Yahweh who delivered me out of the paw of the lion and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine.”

Saul said to David, “Go, and may Yahweh be with you.”
 

38Saul dressed David with his fighting attire. He put a helmet of bronze on his head and he clad him with a coat of mail.
  39David strapped his sword on his fighting attire and he tried to move, for he had not tested it. David said to Saul, “I cannot go with these, for I have not tested them.” David took them off.
  40He took his staff in his hand and chose for himself five smooth stones out of the brook and put them in the shepherd’s bag that he had, even in his pouch. His sling was in his hand, and he drew near to the Philistine.
 

41The Philistine came on and drew near to David; and the man who carried the shield went before him.
  42When the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him, for he was but a youth, and ruddy and with a fair face.
  43The Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” The Philistine cursed David by his gods.
  44The Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the air and to the animals of the field.”
 

45Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword and with a spear and with a javelin: but I come to you in the name of Yahweh of Armies, the God of the armies of Israel whom you have defied.
  46Today, Yahweh will deliver you into my hand. I will strike you and take your head from off you. I will give the dead bodies of the army of the Philistines this day to the birds of the air and to the wild animals of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel
  47and that all this assembly may know that Yahweh does not save with sword and spear; for the battle is Yahweh‘s, and he will give you into our hand.”
 

48It came to pass when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, that David hurried and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
  49David put his hand in his bag, took a stone and slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead; and the stone sank into his forehead and he fell on his face to the earth.
  50So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone and struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
  51Then David ran and stood over the Philistine, and took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
  52The men of Israel and of Judah arose and shouted and pursued the Philistines until you come to Gai and to the gates of Ekron. The wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath and to Ekron.
 

53The children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines and they plundered their camp.
  54David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his armor in his tent.
 

55When Saul saw David go out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the army, “Abner, whose son is this youth?”

Abner said, “As your soul lives, O king, I cannot tell.”
 

56The king said, “Inquire whose son the young man is!”
 

57As David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
  58Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, you young man?”

David answered, “I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”
 


a[4]
Roughly 9 feet, 9 inches tall
b[5]
About 125 pounds
c[7]
Fifteen or sixteen pounds

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