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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 1
 
David’s Last Days

1Now king David was old and advanced in years, and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm.
  2So his servants said to him, “Let them search for a young virgin for my lord the king. Let her stand before the king and be in his service, and let her lie in your bosom so that my lord the king may keep warm.”
  3So they searched for a beautiful young woman throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite and brought her to the king.
  4The young woman was very beautiful, and she served the king and attended to him, but the king did not know her sexually.
 

Adonijah Sets Himself Up as King

5Now Adonijah, the son of Haggith, exalted himself, saying, “I will be king.” Then he prepared chariots and horsemen for himself, and 50 men to run before him.
  6His father had never grieved him at any time by saying, “Why have you done thus and so?” And he was also a very handsome man, and he was born after Absalom.
  7He conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they followed Adonijah and helped him.
  8But Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei and Rei and the mighty men who belonged to David were not with Adonijah.
 

9Adonijah killed sheep and cattle and fatlings by the stone of Zoheleth which is beside En Rogel, and he called all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants;
  10but Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah and the mighty men and Solomon his brother he did not call.
 

Nathan and Bathsheba Before David

11Then Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, “Haven’t you heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith reigns, and David our lord doesn’t know it?
  12Now therefore come, please let me give you counsel, that you may save your own life and the life of your son Solomon.
  13Go in to king David and tell him, ‘Did you not, my lord king, swear to your servant girl, saying, “Assuredly Solomon your son is to reign after me, and he is to sit on my throne? Why then does Adonijah reign?”’
  14Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I also will come in after you and confirm your words.”
 

15Bathsheba went in to the king into the room. The king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king.
  16Bathsheba bowed and showed respect to the king. The king said, “What would you like?”
 

17She said to him, “My lord, you swore by Yahweh your God to your servant, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son is to reign after me, and he is to sit on my throne.’
  18Now, behold, Adonijah reigns, and you, my lord the king, do not know it.
  19He has slain cattle and fatlings and sheep in abundance and has called all the sons of the king and Abiathar the priest and Joab the captain of the army, but he hasn’t called Solomon your servant.
  20You, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, that you should tell them who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.
  21Otherwise it will happen, when my lord the king will sleep with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted offenders.”
 

22Behold, while she yet talked with the king, Nathan the prophet came in.
  23They told the king, saying, “Behold, Nathan the prophet!” When he had come in before the king, he bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground.
 

24Nathan said, “My lord king, have you said, ‘Adonijah is to reign after me and he is to sit on my throne?’
  25For he is gone down this day and has slain cattle and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has called all the king’s sons and the captains of the army, and Abiathar the priest. Behold, they are eating and drinking before him and say, ‘Long live king Adonijah!’
  26But he has not called me, even me your servant, and Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and your servant Solomon.
  27Is this thing done by my lord the king, and you haven’t shown to your servants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”
 

Solomon Anointed King

28Then king David answered, “Call to me Bathsheba.” She came into the king’s presence and stood before the king.
  29The king swore and said, “As Yahweh lives who has redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
  30most certainly as I swore to you by Yahweh, the God of Israel, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son is to reign after me, and he is to sit on my throne in my place,’ most certainly so will I do this day.”
 

31Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth and showed respect to the king and said, “Let my lord king David live forever!”
 

32King David said, “Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” They came before the king.
  33The king said to them, “Take with you the servants of your lord and cause Solomon my son to ride on my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon.
  34Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel. Blow the shofar and say, ‘Long live king Solomon!’
  35Then you are to come up after him and he is to come and sit on my throne, for he is to be king in my place. I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.”
 

36Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, “Amen. May Yahweh, the God of my lord the king, say so.
  37As Yahweh has been with my lord the king, even so may he be with Solomon and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord king David.”
 

38So Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, went down and caused Solomon to ride on king David’s mule and brought him to Gihon.
  39Zadok the priest took the horn of oil out of the Tent, and anointed Solomon. They blew the shofar and all the people said, “Long live king Solomon!”
  40All the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes and rejoiced with great joy so that the earth shook with their sound.
 

Adonijah Hears of Solomon’s Coronation

41Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they had made an end of eating. When Joab heard the sound of the shofar, he said, “Why is the city making such an uproar?”
  42While he yet spoke, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came, and Adonijah said, “Come in, for you are a worthy man and bring good news.”
 

43Jonathan answered Adonijah, “Most certainly our lord king David has made Solomon king.
  44The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride on the king’s mule.
  45Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon. They have come up from there rejoicing so that the city rang again. This is the noise that you have heard.
  46Also, Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom.
 

47“Moreover the king’s servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, ‘May your God make the name of Solomon better than your name and make his throne greater than your throne,’ and the king bowed himself on the bed.
  48Also thus said the king, ‘Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, who has given one to sit on my throne this day, my eyes even seeing it.’”
 

49All the guests of Adonijah were afraid and rose up, and each man went his way.
  50Adonijah was afraid because of Solomon, and he arose and went and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
 

51It was told Solomon, saying, “Behold, Adonijah is afraid of king Solomon; for behold, he has laid hold on the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let king Solomon swear to me first that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’”
 

52Solomon said, “If he shows himself a worthy man, not a hair of him will fall to the earth; but if wickedness be found in him, he will die.”
  53So king Solomon sent and they brought him down from the altar. He came and bowed down to king Solomon, and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house.”
 


1 Kings Chapter 2  top  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 2
 
David's Instructions to Solomon

1Now the days of David drew near that he should die, and he commanded Solomon his son, saying,
  2“I am going the way of all the earth. You be strong therefore, and show yourself a man
  3and keep the instruction of Yahweh your God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, his commandments, his ordinances and his testimonies according to that which is written in the law of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn yourself,
  4so that Yahweh may establish his word that he spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your children take heed to their way to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there will not fail you,’ he said, ‘a man on the throne of Israel.’
 

5“Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, even what he did to the two captains of the armies of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner and to Amasa the son of Jether whom he killed, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war on his sash that was about his waist and in his sandals that were on his feet.
  6Do therefore according to your wisdom and do not let his gray head go down to Sheol in peace.
 

7“But show kindness to the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite and let them be of those who eat at your table, for so they came to me when I fled from Absalom your brother.
 

8“Behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at the Jordan and I swore to him by Yahweh, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’
  9Now therefore do not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man and you will know what you ought to do to him, and you will bring his gray head down to Sheol with blood.”
 

The Death of David

10David slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David.
  11The days that David reigned over Israel were forty years; he reigned seven years in Hebron and he reigned 33 years in Jerusalem.
  12Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established.
 

Solomon's Reign Established

13Then Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. She said, “Do you come peaceably?”

He said, “Peaceably.”
  14He said moreover, “I have something to tell you.”

She said, “Say on.”
 

15He said, “You know that the kingship was mine and that all Israel set their faces on me that I should reign. However the kingship has turned around, and has become my brother‘s, for it was his from Yahweh.
  16Now I ask one petition of you. Do not deny me.”

She said to him, “Say on.”
 

17He said, “Please speak to Solomon the king (for he will not tell you ‘no’) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite as wife.”
 

18Bathsheba said, “All right. I will speak for you to the king.”
 

19Bathsheba therefore went to king Solomon to speak to him for Adonijah. The king rose up to meet her and bowed himself to her, and sat down on his throne and caused a throne to be set for the king’s mother; and she sat on his right hand.
  20Then she said, “I ask one small petition of you; do not deny me.”

The king said to her, “Ask on, my mother, for I will not deny you.”
 

21She said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as wife.”
 

22King Solomon answered his mother, “Why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him the kingship also, for he is my elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.”
  23Then king Solomon swore by Yahweh, saying, “God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.
  24Now therefore as Yahweh lives who has established me and set me on the throne of David my father, and who has made me a house as he promised, surely Adonijah will be put to death this day.”
  25King Solomon sent by Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell on him, so that he died.
 

26To Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to Anathoth, to your own fields, for you are worthy of death. But I will not at this time put you to death, because you carried the ark of the Lord Yahweh before David my father and because you were afflicted in all in which my father was afflicted.”
  27So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest to Yahweh, that he might fulfill the word of Yahweh that he spoke concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.
 

28The news came to Joab, for Joab had turned after Adonijah though he didn’t turn after Absalom. Joab fled to the Tent of Yahweh and caught hold on the horns of the altar.
 

29It was told king Solomon, “Joab has fled to the Tent of Yahweh, and behold, he is by the altar.” Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “Go, fall on him.”
 

30Benaiah came to the Tent of Yahweh and said to him, “This is what the king says: ’Come forth!‘”

He said, “No, but I will die here.”

Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, “Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.”
 

31The king said to him, “Do as he has said, and fall on him and bury him, that you may take away the blood that Joab shed without cause from me and from my father’s house.
  32Yahweh will return his blood on his own head because he fell on two men more righteous and better than he, and killed them with the sword, and my father David didn’t know it: Abner the son of Ner, captain of the army of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the army of Judah.
  33So will their blood return on the head of Joab and on the head of his seed forever. But to David and to his seed and to his house and to his throne, there will be peace forever from Yahweh.”
 

34Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up and fell on him and killed him, and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.
  35The king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his place over the army, and the king put Zadok the priest in the place of Abiathar.
 

36The king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and dwell there, and do not go out from there anywhere.
  37For on the day you go out and pass over the brook Kidron, know for certain that you will surely die; your blood will be on your own head.”
 

38Shimei said to the king, “The saying is good. As my lord the king has said, so will your servant do.” Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days.
 

39It came to pass at the end of three years that two of the servants of Shimei ran away to Achish son of Maacah, king of Gath. They told Shimei, saying, “Behold, your servants are in Gath.”
  40Shimei arose and saddled his donkey and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his servants; and Shimei went and brought his servants from Gath.
 

41It was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had come again.
  42The king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Didn’t I adjure you by Yahweh and warn you, saying, ‘Know for certain that on the day you go out and walk abroad anywhere, you will surely die?’ You said to me, ‘The saying that I have heard is good.’
  43Why then have you not kept the oath of Yahweh and the commandment that I have instructed you with?”
  44The king said moreover to Shimei, “You know all the wickedness that your heart is privy to that you did to David my father. Therefore Yahweh will return your wickedness on your own head.
  45But king Solomon will be blessed and the throne of David will be established before Yahweh forever.”
 

46So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he went out, and fell on him so that he died. The kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.
 


1 Kings Chapter 3  top  PDF  MSWord

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Solomon Asks for Wisdom

1Solomon made a marriage alliance with Pharaoh king of Egypt and took Pharaoh’s daughter and brought her into the city of David until he had made an end of building his own house and the house of Yahweh, and the wall of Jerusalem all around.
  2Only the people sacrificed in the high places, because there was no house built for the name of Yahweh until those days.
  3Solomon loved Yahweh, walking in the statutes of David his father; only he sacrificed and turned incense into smoke-perfume in the high places.
 

4The king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there, for that was the great high place. Solomon offered 1,000 burnt offerings on that altar.
  5In Gibeon Yahweh appeared to Solomon in a dream by night; and God said, “Ask what I should give you.”
 

6Solomon said, “You have shown to your servant David my father great covenant faithfulness, according as he walked before you in truth and in righteousness and in uprightness of heart with you. You have kept for him this great covenant faithfulness, that you have given him a son to sit on his throne as it is this day.
 

7“Now, Yahweh my God, you have made your servant king instead of David my father, yet I am but a little child. I do not know how to go out or come in.
  8Your servant is in the midst of your people that you have chosen, a great people that are too many to be numbered or counted.
  9Give your servant therefore an understanding heart to judge your people, that I may discern between good and evil; for who is able to judge this great people of yours?”
 

10The speech pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing.
  11God said to him, “Because you have asked this thing and have not asked for yourself long life, nor have asked riches for yourself, nor have asked for the life of your enemies, but have asked for understanding for yourself to discern justice,
  12behold, I have done according to your word. Behold, I have given you a wise and an understanding heart so that there has been none like you before you, neither after you will any arise like you.
  13I have also given you what you have not asked for, both riches and honor, so that there will not be any among the kings like you all your days.
  14If you will walk in my ways, keeping my statutes and my commandments as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days.”
 

15Then Solomon awoke, and behold, it was a dream. Then he came to Jerusalem and stood before the ark of the covenant of Yahweh and offered up burnt offerings, offered peace offerings, and made a feast for all his servants.
 

Solomon’s Wisdom

16Then two women who were prostitutes came to the king and stood before him.
  17The one woman said, “Oh, my lord, this woman and I live in one house. I delivered a child while she was in the house.
  18And it came to pass the third day after I gave birth that this woman gave birth also. We were together. There was no stranger with us in the house, just the two of us in the house.
  19And this woman’s child died in the night because she lay on him.
  20So she arose in the middle of the night and took my son from beside me while your servant slept, and laid it in her bosom, and laid her dead child in my bosom.
  21When I rose in the morning to nurse my child, behold, he was dead. But when I had looked at him in the morning, behold, he was not my son whom I had borne.”
 

22But the other woman said, “No! The living one is my son and the dead one is your son.”

But this one kept on saying, “No! For the dead one is your son and the living one is my son.” And they continued speaking that way before the king.
 

23Then the king said, “The one says, ‘This is my son who is alive and your son is the dead one;’ and the other says, ‘No, but your son is the dead one and my son is the living one.’”
  24The king said, “Get me a sword.” So they brought a sword before the king.
  25The king said, “Divide the living child in two and give half to the one and half to the other.”
 

26Then the woman whose son was alive spoke to the king, for her heart yearned for her son, and she said, “Oh, my lord, give her the living child and do not kill him!”

But the other said, “He will be neither mine nor yours. Divide it.”
 

27Then the king answered, “Give the first woman the living child and do not kill him. She is his mother.”
  28All Israel heard of the judgment that the king had rendered, and they feared the king, for they saw that the wisdom of God was in him to carry out justice.
 


1 Kings Chapter 4  top  PDF  MSWord

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Solomon’s Officials and Governors

1King Solomon was king over all Israel.
  2These were the officials whom he had:

 Azariah the son of Zadok the priest;

 3 Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes;

 Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

 4 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army;

 and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

 5 and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers;

 and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, the king’s friend;

 6 and Ahishar was over the household;

 and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.

 

7Solomon had 12 officers over all Israel who provided food for the king and his household; each man had to make provision for one month out of the year.
  8These are their names:

 Ben Hur in the hill country of Ephraim;

 9 Ben Deker in Makaz and in Shaalbim and Beth Shemesh and Elon Beth Hanan;

 10 Ben Hesed in Arubboth (to him belonged Socoh and all the land of Hepher);

 11 Ben Abinadab in all the height of Dor (he had Taphath the daughter of Solomon as wife);

 12 Baana the son of Ahilud in Taanach and Megiddo and all Beth Shean which is beside Zarethan, beneath Jezreel, from Beth Shean to Abel Meholah as far as beyond Jokmeam;

 13 Ben Geber in Ramoth Gilead (to him belonged the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him belonged the region of Argob which is in Bashan, 60 great cities with walls and bronze bars);

 14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo in Mahanaim;

 15 Ahimaaz in Naphtali (he also took Basemath the daughter of Solomon as wife);

 16 Baana the son of Hushai in Asher and Bealoth;

 17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah in Issachar;

 18 Shimei the son of Ela in Benjamin;

 19 Geber the son of Uri in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only officer who was in the land.

  Solomon’s Daily Provisions

20Judah and Israel were many as the sand that is by the sea in multitude. They ate and drank and were happy.
  21Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the River to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt; they brought tribute, and served Solomon all the days of his life.
 

22Solomon’s provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour and sixty measures of flour,
  23ten head of fat cattle and twenty head of cattle out of the pastures and 100 sheep, besides harts and gazelles and roebucks and fattened fowl.
  24For he had dominion over everything on this side the River, from Tiphsah even to Gaza, over all the kings on this side the River, and he had peace on all sides around him.
  25Judah and Israel lived safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, all the days of Solomon.
  26Solomon had 40,000 stalls of horses for his chariots and 12,000 horsemen.
  27Those officers provided food for king Solomon and for all who came to king Solomon’s table, every man in his month; they let nothing be lacking.
  28They also brought barley and straw for the horses to the place where it was required, each man according to his duty.
 

Solomon’s Wisdom

29God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and very great understanding, even as the sand that is on the seashore.
  30Solomon’s wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt.
  31For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite and Heman and Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all the nations all around.
 

32He spoke 3,000 proverbs and his songs were 1,005.
  33He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even to the hyssop that springs out of the wall; he spoke also of animals and of birds and of creeping things and of fish.
  34People came from all nations to hear the wisdom of Solomon; from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom.
 


1 Kings Chapter 5  top  PDF  MSWord

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Preparations for Building the Temple

1Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the place of his father, for Hiram always loved David.
 

2Solomon sent to Hiram, saying,
  3“You know that David my father could not build a house for the name of Yahweh his God because of the wars that were around him on every side until Yahweh put them under the soles of his feet.
  4But now Yahweh my God has given me rest on every side. There is neither adversary nor misfortune.
  5Behold, I purpose to build a house for the name of Yahweh my God, as Yahweh spoke to David my father, saying, ‘Your son whom I will set on your throne in your place, he will build the house for my name.’
 

6“Now therefore command that they cut me cedar trees out of Lebanon. My servants will be with your servants, and I will give you wages for your servants according to all that you say. For you know that there is not among us any who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians.”
 

7It came to pass when Hiram heard the words of Solomon that he rejoiced greatly and said, “Blessed is Yahweh this day, who has given to David a wise son over this great people.”
  8Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, “I have heard the message that you have sent to me. I will do all your desire concerning timber of cedar and concerning timber of fir.
  9My servants will bring them down from Lebanon to the sea. I will make them into rafts to go by sea to the place that you will direct me, and I will cause them to be broken up there, and you can receive them. You can accomplish my desire in giving food for my household.”
 

10So Hiram gave Solomon timber of cedar and timber of fir according to all his desire.
  11Solomon gave Hiram 20,000 measures of wheat to his household for food, and twenty measures of pure oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram year after year.
 

12Yahweh gave Solomon wisdom as he promised him, and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty together.
 

Solomon’s Work Force

13King Solomon drafted forced laborers out of all Israel, and the draft was 30,000 men.
  14He sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month by courses; a month they were in Lebanon and two months at home, and Adoniram was over the men subject to forced labor.
  15Solomon had 70,000 who bore burdens and 80,000 who were stone cutters in the mountains;
  16besides Solomon’s chief officers who were over the work, 3300, who ruled over the people who labored in the work.
  17The king commanded, and they cut out great stones, costly stones, to lay the foundation of the house with cut stone.
  18Solomon’s builders and Hiram’s builders and the Gebalites cut them and prepared the timber and the stones to build the house.
 


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Solomon Builds the Temple

1It came to pass in the 480th year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Ziv which is the second month, that he began to build the house of Yahweh.
  2The house that king Solomon built for Yahweh, its length was sixty cubits and its breadth twenty and its height thirty cubits.
  3The porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was its length, according to the breadth of the house. Ten cubits was its breadth before the house.
  4For the house he made windows of fixed lattice work.
 

5Against the wall of the house he built stories all around, against the walls of the house all around, both of the nave and of the inner sanctuary, and he made side rooms all around.
  6The lowest story was five cubits wide and the middle was six cubits wide and the third was seven cubits wide, for on the outside he made offsets in the wall of the house all around, so that the beams would not have to be inserted into the walls of the house.
  7The house, when it was being built, was built of stone prepared at the quarry, and there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house while it was being built.
 

8The door for the middle side rooms was in the right side of the house, and they went up by winding stairs into the middle story and out of the middle into the third.
  9So he built the house and finished it, and he covered the house with beams and planks of cedar.
  10He built the stories against all the house, each five cubits high, and they rested on the house with timber of cedar.
 

11The word of Yahweh came to Solomon, saying,
  12“Concerning this house that you are building, if you will walk in my statutes and execute my ordinances and keep all my commandments to walk in them, then will I establish my word with you that I spoke to David your father.
  13I will dwell among the children of Israel and will not forsake my people Israel.”
 

14So Solomon built the house and finished it.
  15He built the walls of the house inside with boards of cedar; from the floor of the house to the walls of the ceiling he covered them on the inside with wood, and he covered the floor of the house with boards of fir.
  16He built twenty cubits on the back part of the house with boards of cedar from the floor to the ceiling; he built them for it within, for the inner sanctuary; for the most holy place.
  17In front of the temple sanctuary was forty cubits.
  18There was cedar on the house inside, carved with buds and open flowers; all was cedar; there was no stone seen.
 

19He prepared an inner sanctuary in the middle of the house inside, to set there the ark of the covenant of Yahweh.
  20Inside the inner sanctuary was twenty cubits in length and twenty cubits in breadth and twenty cubits in its height, and he overlaid it with pure gold and he overlaid the altar of cedar.
  21So Solomon overlaid the house inside with pure gold and he drew chains of gold across before the inner sanctuary, and he overlaid it with gold.
  22The whole house he overlaid with gold until all the house was finished; also the whole altar that belonged to the inner sanctuary he overlaid with gold.
 

23In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim of olive wood, each ten cubits high.
  24Five cubits was the one wing of the cherub and five cubits the other wing of the cherub; from the uttermost part of the one wing to the uttermost part of the other was ten cubits.
  25The other cherub was ten cubits; both the cherubim were of one measure and one form.
  26The height of the one cherub was ten cubits and so it was of the other cherub.
  27He set the cherubim inside the inner house, and the wings of the cherubim were stretched out so that the wing of the one touched the one wall and the wing of the other cherub touched the other wall, and their wings touched one another in the middle of the house.
  28He overlaid the cherubim with gold.
 

29He carved all the walls of the house around with carved figures of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers, inside and outside.
  30The floor of the house he overlaid with gold, inside and outside.
 

31For the entrance of the inner sanctuary he made doors of olive wood; the lintel and door posts were a fifth part of the wall.
  32So he made two doors of olive wood and he carved on them carvings of cherubim and palm trees and open flowers and overlaid them with gold, and he spread the gold on the cherubim and on the palm trees.
  33So also he made for the entrance of the nave door posts of olive wood out of a fourth part of the wall,
  34and two doors of fir wood; the two leaves of the one door were folding and the two leaves of the other door were folding.
  35He carved cherubim and palm trees and open flowers and he overlaid them with gold fitted on the engraved work.
  36He built the inner court with three courses of cut stone and a course of cedar beams.
 

37In the fourth year of Solomon’s reign the foundation of the house of Yahweh was laid in the month Ziv.
  38In the 11th year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, the house was finished throughout all its parts and according to all its specifications. So was he seven years in building it.
 


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Solomon Builds His Palace

1Solomon was building his own house 13 years, and he finished all his house.
  2For he built the house of the forest of Lebanon; its length was 100 cubits and its breadth fifty cubits and its height thirty cubits on four rows of cedar pillars with cedar beams on the pillars.
  3It was covered with cedar above over the 45 beams that were on the pillars, 15 in a row.
  4There were beams in three rows, and window was over against window in three ranks.
  5All the doors and posts were made square with beams, and window was over against window in three ranks.
  6And he made the Hall of Pillars; its length was fifty cubits and its breadth thirty cubits; and a porch before them, and pillars and a threshold before them.
  7He made the Hall of the Throne where he was to judge, even the Hall of Judgment, and it was covered with cedar from floor to floor.
  8His house where he was to live, the other court inside the porch, was of the like work. He also made a house for Pharaoh’s daughter (whom Solomon had taken as wife) like this porch.
 

9All these were of costly stones, even of cut stone according to measure, sawed with saws inside and outside, even from the foundation to the coping, and so on the outside to the great court.
  10The foundation was of costly stones, even great stones, stones of ten cubits and stones of eight cubits.
  11Above were costly stones, even cut stone according to measure, and cedar wood.
  12The great court had three courses of cut stone around it, and a course of cedar beams like the inner court of the house of Yahweh and the porch of the house.
 

The Temple Furnishings

13King Solomon sent and fetched Hiram out of Tyre.
  14He was the son of a widow of the tribe of Naphtali and his father was a man of Tyre, a worker in bronze, and he was filled with wisdom and understanding and skill to work all works in bronze. He came to king Solomon and performed all his work.
 

15For he fashioned the two pillars of bronze, 18 cubits high apiece, and a line of 12 cubits encircled each of them around.
  16He made two capitals of cast bronze to set on the tops of the pillars; the height of the one capital was five cubits and the height of the other capital was five cubits.
  17There were nets of checker work and wreaths of chain work for the capitals that were on the top of the pillars, seven for the one capital and seven for the other capital.
 

18So he made the pillars, and there were two rows around on the one network to cover the capitals that were on the top of the pillars, and he did the same for the other capital.
  19The capitals that were on the top of the pillars in the porch were of lily design, four cubits.
  20There were capitals above also on the two pillars, close by the rounded projection that was beside the network, and the pomegranates were 200 in rows around on the other capital.
  21He set up the pillars at the porch of the temple, and he set up the right pillar and called its name Jachin, and he set up the left pillar and called its name Boaz.
  22On the top of the pillars was lily work; so was the work of the pillars finished.
 

23He made the cast metal sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, circular in form, and its height was five cubits; and a line of thirty cubits encircled it.
  24Under its brim around there were gourds that encircled it, ten to a cubit, encircling the sea; the gourds were in two rows, cast when it was cast.
  25It stood on 12 oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east; and the sea was set on top of them, and all their hindquarters were inward.
  26It was a handbreadth thick and its brim was worked like the brim of a cup, like the flower of a lily, and it held 2,000 baths.
 

27He made the ten bases of bronze; four cubits was the length of one base, and four cubits its breadth and three cubits its height.
  28The work of the bases was like this: they had panels, and there were panels set in frames,
  29and on the panels that were set in frames were lions, oxen, and cherubim, and on the frames, both above and beneath the lions and oxen, there were wreaths of beveled work.
  30Every stand had four bronze wheels with axles of bronze, and the four corners of it had supports for the basin; beneath the basin were the cast supports with wreaths at the side of each.
  31The mouth of it inside the capital and above was a cubit and its mouth was round according to the work of a pedestal, a cubit and a half; and also on its mouth were engravings, and their panels were foursquare, not round.
  32The four wheels were underneath the panels, and the axles of the wheels were in the base; and the height of a wheel was a cubit and half a cubit.
  33The work of the wheels was like the work of a chariot wheel; their axles and their rims and their spokes and their naves were all cast metal.
  34There were four supports at the four corners of each base; its supports were of the base itself.
  35In the top of the base was there a round compass half a cubit high; and on the top of the base its stays and its panels were of the same.
  36On the plates of its stays and on its panels he engraved cherubim, lions and palm trees, according to the space of each, with wreaths all around.
  37In this way he made the ten bases: all of them had one casting, one measure and one form.
 

38He made ten basins of bronze: one basin contained forty baths and every basin was four cubits, and on every one of the ten bases one basin.
  39He set the bases, five on the right side of the house and five on the left side of the house, and he set the sea on the right side of the house eastward toward the south.
  40Hiram made the basins and the shovels, and the basins.

So Hiram made an end of doing all the work that he worked for king Solomon in the house of Yahweh:
  41the two pillars and the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars, and the two networks to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the top of the pillars;
  42and the 400 pomegranates for the two networks, two rows of pomegranates for each network to cover the two bowls of the capitals that were on the pillars,
  43and the ten bases, and the ten basins on the bases;
  44and the one sea, and the 12 oxen under the sea,
  45and the pots and the shovels and the basins: even all these vessels that Hiram made for king Solomon in the house of Yahweh were of burnished bronze.
  46The king cast them in the plain of the Jordan, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zarethan.
  47Solomon left all the vessels unweighed because they were exceeding many; the weight of the bronze could not be found out.
 

48Solomon made all the vessels that were in the house of Yahweh: the golden altar and the table on which was the Bread of the Presence were of gold,
  49and the lampstands, five on the right side and five on the left before the inner sanctuary, of pure gold; and the flowers and the lamps and the tongs, of gold;
  50and the cups and the snuffers and the basins and the spoons and the fire pans of pure gold; and the hinges, both for the doors of the inner house, the most holy place, and for the doors of the house, that is the nave, of gold.
 

51Thus all the work that king Solomon worked in the house of Yahweh was finished. Solomon brought in the things that David his father had dedicated, the silver and the gold and the vessels, and put them in the treasuries of the house of Yahweh.
 


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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 8
 
The Dedication of the Temple

1Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel and all the heads of the tribes, the chiefs of the fathers’ households of the children of Israel, to king Solomon in Jerusalem to bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh out of the city of David, which is Zion.
  2All the men of Israel assembled themselves to king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.
 

3All the elders of Israel came, and the priests took up the ark.
  4They brought up the ark of Yahweh and the Tent of Meeting and all the holy vessels that were in the Tent, even these the priests and the Levites brought up.
  5King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel who were assembled to him were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and cattle that could not be counted nor numbered for multitude.
  6The priests brought in the ark of the covenant of Yahweh to its place, into the inner sanctuary of the house, to the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubim.
  7For the cherubim spread out their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubim made a covering over the ark and its poles from above.
  8But the poles were so long that the ends of the poles could be seen from the holy place before the inner sanctuary, but they could not be seen from outside the Temple; and there they are to this day.
  9There was nothing in the ark except the two tablets of stone that Moses put there at Horeb when Yahweh cut a covenant with the children of Israel when they came out of the land of Egypt.
 

10It came to pass when the priests had come out of the holy place that the cloud filled the house of Yahweh
  11so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of Yahweh filled the house of Yahweh.
 

Solomon Blesses the Lord

12Then Solomon said,

 “Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.

 13 I have surely built you an exalted house,

 a place for you to dwell in forever.”

 

14The king turned his face around and blessed all the assembly of Israel, and all the assembly of Israel stood.
  15He said,

 “Blessed is Yahweh, the God of Israel,

 who with his hand has fulfilled what he spoke with his mouth to your father David

 saying,

 

 16 ‘Since the day that I brought my people Israel out of Egypt,

 I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build a house,

 that my name might be there;

 but I chose David to be over my people Israel.’

 

 17 Now it was in the heart of David my father

 to build a house for the name of Yahweh the God of Israel.

 

 18 But Yahweh said to David my father,

 ‘Whereas it was in your heart to build a house for my name,

 you did well that it was in your heart.

 

 19 Nevertheless, you will not build the house,

 but your son who will come forth out of your body,

 he will build the house for my name.’

 

 20 Yahweh has established his word that he spoke,

 for I have risen up in the place of David my father

 and I sit on the throne of Israel as Yahweh promised,

 and have built the house for the name of Yahweh, the God of Israel.

 

 21 There I have set a place for the ark

 where the covenant of Yahweh is,

 which he made with our fathers

 when he brought them out of the land of Egypt.”

  Solomon's Prayer of Dedication

22Solomon stood before the altar of Yahweh in the presence of all the assembly of Israel and spread out his hands toward heaven,
  23and he said,

 “Yahweh the God of Israel,

 there is no God like you,

 in heaven above or on earth beneath;

 who keep covenant and loving kindness with your servants,

 who walk before you with all their heart,

 

 24 who have kept with your servant David my father

 what you promised him.

 Yes, you spoke with your mouth

 and have fulfilled it with your hand,

 as it is this day.

 

 25 So now may Yahweh the God of Israel

 keep with your servant David my father

 what you have promised him, saying,

 ‘You will not fail to have a man sit in my sight on the throne of Israel,

 if only your children pay close attention to their way to walk before me

 as you have walked before me.’

 

 26 Now therefore, God of Israel,

 please let your word be verified,

 which you spoke to your servant David my father.

 

 
27 
“But will God in very deed dwell on the earth?

 Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain you;

 how much less this house that I have built!

 

 28 Yet have respect for the prayer of your servant and for his supplication,

 Yahweh my God,

 to listen to the cry and to the prayer

 that your servant prays before you this day,

 

 29 that your eyes may be open toward this house night and day,

 even toward the place of which you have said,

 ‘My name will be there,’

 to listen to the prayer

 that your servant will pray toward this place.

 

 30 Listen to the supplication of your servant

 and of your people Israel

 when they will pray toward this place.

 Yes, hear in heaven, your dwelling place;

 and when you hear, forgive.

 

 
31 
“If a man sins against his neighbor

 and is made to take an oath so that he comes under the oath,

 and he comes and takes an oath

 before your altar in this house,

 

 32 then hear in heaven, and act,

 and judge your servants,

 condemning the wicked person by bringing his way

 on his own head

 and declaring the righteous person to be righteous

 by rewarding him according to his righteousness.

 

 
33 
“When your people Israel are struck down before the enemy

 because they have sinned against you,

 if they turn again to you and confess your name

 and pray and make supplication to you

 in this house,

 

 34 then hear in heaven

 and forgive the sin of your people Israel

 and bring them again to the land

 that you gave to their fathers.

 

 
35 
“When heaven is shut up and there is no rain

 because they have sinned against you,

 if they pray toward this place

 and confess your name

 and turn from their sin

 when you afflict them,

 

 36 then hear in heaven

 and forgive the sin of your servants

 and of your people Israel,

 when you teach them the good way

 in which they should walk;

 and send rain on your land

 that you have given to your people for an inheritance.

 

 
37 
“If there is famine in the land,

 if there is pestilence,

 if there is blight, mildew, locust or caterpillar,

 if their enemy besieges them

 in the land of their cities,

 whatever plague, whatever sickness there is,

 

 38 whatever prayer and supplication is made

 by any man or by all your people Israel

 who might each know the plague of his own heart

 and spread out his hands toward this house,

 

 39 then hear in heaven your dwelling place,

 and forgive, and do, and render to every man

 according to all his ways whose heart you know

 (for you, even you only, know the hearts of all the children of men),

 

 40 that they may fear you

 all the days that they live in the land

 that you gave to our fathers.

 

 
41 
“Moreover concerning the foreigner who is not of your people Israel,

 when he will come out of a country that is far away

 for your name’s sake

 

 42 (for they will hear of your great name,

 and of your mighty hand, and of your outstretched arm),

 when he will come and pray toward this house,

 

 43 hear in heaven your dwelling place

 and do according to all that the foreigner calls to you for,

 that all the peoples of the earth may know your name,

 to fear you as do your people Israel,

 and that they may know that this house that I have built

 is called by your name.

 

 
44 
“If your people go out to battle against their enemy

 by whatever way you will send them,

 and they pray to Yahweh

 toward the city that you have chosen

 and toward the house that I have built for your name,

 

 45 then hear in heaven their prayer and their supplication

 and maintain their cause.

 

 
46 
“If they sin against you

 (for there is no man who does not sin)

 and you are angry with them

 and deliver them to the enemy

 so that they carry them away captive to the land of the enemy,

 whether it is far away or near;

 

 47 yet if they will repent

 in the land where they are carried captive

 and turn again and make supplication to you

 in the land of those who carried them captive, saying,

 ‘We have sinned, and have done perversely;

 we have dealt wickedly,’

 

 48 if they return to you with all their heart and with all their soul

 in the land of their enemies who carried them captive,

 and pray to you toward their land

 that you gave to their fathers,

 the city that you have chosen

 and the house that I have built for your name,

 

 49 then hear their prayer and their supplication in heaven

 your dwelling place and maintain their cause,

 

 50 and forgive your people

 who have sinned against you

 and all their transgressions

 in which they have transgressed against you;

 and give them compassion

 before those who carried them captive,

 that they may have compassion on them

 

 51 (for they are your people and your inheritance

 that you brought out of Egypt,

 from the middle of the furnace of iron)

 

 52 that your eyes may be open to the supplication of your servant

 and to the supplication of your people Israel,

 to listen to them whenever they cry out to you.

 

 53 For you separated them

 from among all the peoples of the earth

 to be your inheritance,

 as you spoke by Moses your servant

 when you brought our fathers out of Egypt, Lord Yahweh.”

  Solomon’s Blessing

54It was so that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication to Yahweh, he arose from before the altar of Yahweh, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread out toward heaven.
  55He stood and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying,
  56“Blessed be Yahweh who has given rest to his people Israel according to all that he promised. There has not failed one word of all his good promise that he promised by Moses his servant.
  57May Yahweh our God be with us as he was with our fathers. Let him not leave us nor forsake us
  58that he may incline our hearts to him, to walk in all his ways and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his ordinances that he commanded our fathers.
  59Let these my words with which I have made supplication before Yahweh be near to Yahweh our God day and night, that he may maintain the cause of his servant and the cause of his people Israel as every day will require,
  60that all the peoples of the earth may know that Yahweh, he is God. There is none else.
  61Let your heart therefore be perfect with Yahweh our God, to walk in his statutes and to keep his commandments even today.”
 

62The king and all Israel with him offered sacrifice before Yahweh.
  63Solomon offered for the sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered to Yahweh, 220,000 head of cattle and 120,000 sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of Yahweh.
 

64The same day the king made the middle of the court holy that was before the house of Yahweh, for there he offered the burnt offering and the grain offering and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze altar that was before Yahweh was too little to receive the burnt offering and the grain offering and the fat of the peace offerings.
 

65So Solomon held the feast at that time and all Israel with him, a great assembly from Lebo-hamath to the Brook of Egypt before Yahweh our God, seven days and seven days, even 14 days.
  66On the eighth day he sent the people away, and they blessed the king and went to their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that Yahweh had shown to David his servant and to Israel his people.
 


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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 9
 
Yahweh Appears to Solomon

1It came to pass when Solomon had finished the building of the house of Yahweh and the king’s house and all Solomon’s desire that he was pleased to do,
  2that Yahweh appeared to Solomon the second time as he had appeared to him at Gibeon.
  3Yahweh said to him,

“I have heard your prayer and your supplication that you have made before me. I have made this house holy that you have built, to put my name there forever; and my eyes and my heart will be there perpetually.
 

4“As for you, if you will walk before me as David your father walked, in integrity of heart and in uprightness to do according to all that I have commanded you, and will keep my statutes and my ordinances,
  5then I will establish the throne of your kingdom over Israel forever, according as I promised to David your father, saying, ‘There will not fail you a man on the throne of Israel.’
 

6“But if you turn away from following me, you or your children, and not keep my commandments and my statutes that I have set before you, but will go and serve other gods and worship them,
  7then will I cut off Israel out of the land that I have given them; and this house that I have made holy for my name will I cast out of my sight; and Israel will be a proverb and a byword among all peoples.
  8Though this house is so high, yet will everyone who passes by it is astonished, and will hiss; and they will say, ‘Why has Yahweh done thus to this land and to this house?’
  9and they will answer, ‘Because they forsook Yahweh their God who brought their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold of other gods and worshiped them and served them. Therefore Yahweh has brought all this evil on them.’”

King Hiram’s 20 Towns

10It came to pass at the end of twenty years in which Solomon had built the two houses, the house of Yahweh and the king’s house
  11(now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees and with gold according to all his desire), that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.
  12Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities that Solomon had given him, and they didn’t please him.
  13He said, “What cities are these that you have given me, my brother?” He called them the land of Cabul to this day.
  14Hiram sent to the king 120 talents of gold.
 

Solomon’s Forced Labor

15Now this is the account of the forced labor which King Solomon drafted to build the house of Yahweh and his own house, and the Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor and Megiddo and Gezer.
  16Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up and taken Gezer and burned it with fire, and slain the Canaanites who lived in the city and given it for a portion to his daughter, Solomon’s wife.
  17Solomon built Gezer and Beth Horon the lower
  18and Baalath and Tamar in the wilderness, in the land,
  19and all the storage cities that Solomon had, and the cities for his chariots and the cities for his horsemen and whatever Solomon desired to build for his pleasure in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.
 

20As for all the people who were left of the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites who were not of the children of Israel,
  21their children who were left after them in the land whom the children of Israel were not able to devote to destruction, from them Solomon drafted people to be forced laborers, and so they are to this day.
  22But of the children of Israel Solomon made no bondservants but they were the men of war, and his servants and his officials, and his captains, and rulers of his chariots and of his horsemen.
  23These were the chief officers who were over Solomon’s work, 550 who ruled over the people who labored in the work.
 

Solomon’s Other Activities

24But Pharaoh’s daughter came up out of the city of David to her house that Solomon had built for her; then he built Millo.
 

25Solomon offered burnt offerings and peace offerings on the altar that he built to Yahweh three times a year, and turned incense into smoke-perfume along with them on the altar that was before Yahweh. So he finished the house.
 

26King Solomon made a navy of ships in Ezion Geber that is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red Sea in the land of Edom.
  27Hiram sent in the navy his servants, sailors who had knowledge of the sea with the servants of Solomon.
  28They came to Ophir and fetched from there gold, 420 talents, and brought it to king Solomon.
 


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The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon

1When the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of Yahweh, she came to test him with difficult questions.
  2She came to Jerusalem with a very large entourage; with camels bearing spices, and very much gold and precious stones. And when she came to Solomon, she spoke with him about everything that was on her heart.
  3Solomon told her all her questions; there was not anything hidden from the king that he didn’t tell her.
  4When the queen of Sheba had seen all the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built
  5and the food of his table and the sitting of his servants and the attendance of his ministers, and their clothing and his cup bearers and his ascent by which he went up to the house of Yahweh, there was no more spirit in her.
 

6She said to the king, “It was a true report that I heard in my own land of your acts and of your wisdom.
  7However I didn’t believe the words until I came and my eyes had seen it. Behold, the half was not told me! Your wisdom and prosperity exceed the fame that I heard.
  8Happy are your men, happy are these your servants who stand continually before you, who hear your wisdom.
  9Blessed is Yahweh your God who delighted in you, to set you on the throne of Israel. Because Yahweh loved Israel forever, therefore made he you king to do justice and righteousness.”
 

10She gave the king 120 talents of gold and of spices very great store, and precious stones. There came no more such abundance of spices as these that the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.
 

11The navy also of Hiram that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees and precious stones.
  12The king made of the almug trees pillars for the house of Yahweh and for the king’s house, harps also and stringed instruments for the singers; there came no such almug trees, nor were seen, to this day.
 

13King Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatever she asked, besides what Solomon gave her of his royal bounty. So she turned and went to her own land, she and her servants.
 

Solomon's Great Wealth

14Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was 666 talents of gold,
  15in addition to what came from the traders, and from the merchandise of the traveling merchants, and what came from all the Arabian kings, and from the governors of the country.
 

16King Solomon made 200 bucklers of beaten gold; 600 shekels of gold went to one buckler.
  17He made 300 shields of beaten gold; three minas of gold went to one shield, and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.
 

18Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory and overlaid it with the finest gold.
  19The throne had six steps, and there was a rounded top at the back of the throne, and there were armrests on either side of the seat and two lions standing beside the armrests.
  2012 lions stood there on the one side and on the other on the six steps: there was nothing like it made in any kingdom.
 

21All king Solomon’s drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; none were of silver. It was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon.
  22For the king had at sea a navy of Tarshish with the navy of Hiram; once every three years came the navy of Tarshish, bringing gold and silver, ivory and apes and peacocks.
 

23So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom.
  24All the earth sought the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom that God had put in his heart.
  25They brought every man his tribute, vessels of silver and vessels of gold, and clothing and armor and spices, horses and mules, a rate year by year.
 

26Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen, and he had 1,400 chariots and 12,000 horsemen that he bestowed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem.
  27The king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycamore trees that are in the lowland, for abundance.
  28The horses that Solomon had were brought out of Egypt, and the king’s merchants received them in droves, each drove at a price.
  29A chariot came up and went out of Egypt for 600 shekels of silver, and a horse for 150; and so for all the kings of the Hittites and for the kings of Syria they brought them out by their means.
 


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Solomon Turns from Yahweh

1King Solomon also loved many foreign women besides the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, Hittites—
  2women from the nations concerning which Yahweh said to the children of Israel, “You are not to go among them, neither must they come among you, for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods.” Solomon joined to these in love.
  3He had 700 wives, princesses, and 300 concubines, and his wives turned away his heart.
 

4For it came to pass when Solomon was old that his wives turned away his heart after other gods, and his heart was not perfect with Yahweh his God as was the heart of David his father.
  5For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.
  6Solomon did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh and did not fully follow after Yahweh as did David his father.
 

7Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh the abomination of Moab on the mountain that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech the abomination of the children of Ammon.
  8So he did for all his foreign wives who turned incense into smoke-perfume and sacrificed to their gods.
 

9Yahweh was angry with Solomon because his heart was turned away from Yahweh the God of Israel who had appeared to him twice,
  10and had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods; but he didn’t keep what Yahweh commanded.
 

11Therefore Yahweh said to Solomon, “Because this is done by you and you have not kept my covenant and my statutes that I have commanded you, I will surely tear the kingdom from you and will give it to your servant.
  12Notwithstanding I will not do it in your days for David your father’s sake, but I will tear it out of the hand of your son.
  13However I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son for David my servant’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake that I have chosen.”
 

Solomon’s Adversaries

14Yahweh raised up an adversary to Solomon, Hadad the Edomite; he was of the king’s seed in Edom.
  15For it came to pass when David was in Edom and Joab the captain of the army was gone up to bury the slain, and had struck every male in Edom
  16(for Joab and all Israel remained there six months, until he had cut off every male in Edom),
  17that Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father’s servants with him, to go into Egypt, Hadad being yet a little child.
  18They arose out of Midian and came to Paran, and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, to Pharaoh king of Egypt, who gave him a house and appointed him food and gave him land.
  19Hadad found great favor in the eyes of Pharaoh, so he gave him as a wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen.
  20The sister of Tahpenes bore him Genubath his son whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh’s house; and Genubath was in Pharaoh’s house among the sons of Pharaoh.
 

21When Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers and that Joab the captain of the army was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, “Let me depart, that I may go to my own country.”
 

22Then Pharaoh said to him, “But what have you lacked with me, that behold, you seek to go to your own country?”

He answered, “Nothing, however only let me depart.”
 

23God raised up an adversary to him, Rezon the son of Eliada who had fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah.
  24He gathered men to him and became captain over a troop when David killed them of Zobah, and they went to Damascus and lived in it and reigned in Damascus.
  25He was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, besides the mischief of Hadad; and he abhorred Israel and reigned over Syria.
 

26Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephraimite of Zeredah, a servant of Solomon whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow, he also lifted up his hand against the king.
  27This was the reason why he lifted up his hand against the king: Solomon built Millo and repaired the breach of the city of David his father.
  28The man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valor, and Solomon saw the young man that he was industrious, and he put him in charge of all the labor of the house of Joseph.
 

29It came to pass at that time, when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; now Ahijah had clad himself with a new garment, and they two were alone in the field.
  30Ahijah laid hold of the new garment that was on him and tore it in 12 pieces.
  31He said to Jeroboam, “Take ten pieces, for this is what Yahweh the God of Israel says, ‘Behold, I will tear the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon and will give ten tribes to you
  32(but he will have one tribe, for my servant David’s sake and for Jerusalem’s sake, the city that I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel),
  33because that they have forsaken me and have worshiped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians, Chemosh the god of Moab and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon. They have not walked in my ways to do what is right in my eyes and to keep my statutes and my ordinances, as David his father did.
 

34“‘However I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand, but I will make him leader all the days of his life for David my servant’s sake whom I chose, who kept my commandments and my statutes;
  35but I will take the kingship out of his son’s hand and will give it to you, even ten tribes.
  36To his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a lamp always before me in Jerusalem, the city that I have chosen me to put my name there.
  37I will take you, and you will reign according to all that your soul desires, and will be king over Israel.
 

38“‘It will be, if you will listen to all that I command you and will walk in my ways and do what is right in my eyes, to keep my statutes and my commandments as David my servant did, that I will be with you and will build you a sure house as I built for David, and will give Israel to you.
  39I will for this afflict the seed of David, but not forever.’”
 

40Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam; but Jeroboam arose and fled into Egypt, to Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.
 

The Death of Solomon

41Now the rest of the acts of Solomon and all that he did, and his wisdom, aren’t they written in the book of the acts of Solomon?
  42The time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years.
  43Solomon slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David his father, and Rehoboam his son reigned in his place.
 


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Rehoboam Chooses Poorly

1Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had come to Shechem to make him king.
  2It came to pass when Jeroboam the son of Nebat heard of it (for he was yet in Egypt where he had fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam lived in Egypt,
  3and they sent and called him), that Jeroboam and all the assembly of Israel came and spoke to Rehoboam, saying,
  4“Your father made our yoke grievous; now therefore make you the grievous service of your father and his heavy yoke that he put on us lighter, and we will serve you.”
 

5He said to them, “Depart for three days, then come back to me.” The people departed.
  6King Rehoboam took counsel with the old men who had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, “What counsel do you give me to return answer to this people?”
 

7They spoke to him, saying, “If you will be a servant to this people this day and will serve them, and answer them and speak good words to them, then they will be your servants forever.”
 

8But he forsook the counsel of the old men that they had given him, and took counsel with the young men who had grown up with him who stood before him.
  9He said to them, “What counsel do you give, that we may return answer to this people who have spoken to me, saying, ‘Make the yoke that your father put on us lighter?’”
 

10The young men who had grown up with him spoke to him, saying, “Thus you should tell this people who spoke to you, saying, ‘Your father made our yoke heavy, but make it lighter to us,’ you should say to them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s waist.
  11Now whereas my father burdened you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke; my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.’”
 

12So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day as the king asked, saying, “Come to me again the third day.”
  13The king answered the people roughly and forsook the counsel of the old men that they had given him,
  14and spoke to them according to the counsel of the young men, saying, “My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add to your yoke. My father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.”
 

The Kingdom Divided

15So the king didn’t listen to the people; for it was a thing brought about of Yahweh, that he might establish his word that Yahweh spoke by Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
  16When all Israel saw that the king didn’t listen to them, the people answered the king, saying,

 “What portion have we in David?

 Neither do we have an inheritance in the son of Jesse.

 To your tents, Israel!

 Now see to your own house, David.”

So Israel departed to their tents.

17But as for the children of Israel who lived in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.
 

18Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the men subject to forced labor; and all Israel stoned him to death with stones. King Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
  19So Israel rebelled against the house of David to this day.
 

20It came to pass when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was returned that they sent and called him to the congregation and made him king over all Israel; there was none who followed the house of David but the tribe of Judah only.
  21When Rehoboam had come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin, 180,000 chosen men who were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingship again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.
  22But the word of God came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying,
  23“Speak to Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all the house of Judah and Benjamin and to the rest of the people, saying,
  24‘This is what Yahweh says: “You are not to go up, nor fight against your brothers the children of Israel. Everyone return to his house; for this thing is of me.”’”

So they listened to the word of Yahweh and returned and went their way according to the word of Yahweh.
 

Jeroboam’s Idolatry

25Then Jeroboam built up Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim and lived in it; and he went out from there, and built up Penuel.
  26Jeroboam said in his heart, “Now the kingdom will return to the house of David.
  27If this people goes up to offer sacrifices in the house of Yahweh at Jerusalem, then the heart of this people will turn again to their lord, even to Rehoboam king of Judah, and they will kill me and return to Rehoboam king of Judah.”
 

28So the king took counsel and made two calves of gold, and he said to them, “It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem. Look and see your gods, Israel, that brought you up out of the land of Egypt!”
  29He set the one in Bethel and the other put he in Dan.
  30This thing became a sin, for the people went to worship before the one, even to Dan.
 

31He made houses of high places and made priests from among all the people who were not of the sons of Levi.
  32Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the 15th day of the month, like the feast that is in Judah, and he went up to the altar; he did so in Bethel, sacrificing to the calves that he had made, and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places that he had made.
  33He went up to the altar that he had made in Bethel on the 15th day in the eighth month, even in the month that he had devised of his own heart, and he ordained a feast for the children of Israel and went up to the altar to burn incense.
 


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A Man of God Confronts Jeroboam

1Behold, a man of God came out of Judah to Bethel by the word of Yahweh, and Jeroboam was standing by the altar to turn incense into smoke-perfume.
  2And he cried out against the altar by the word of Yahweh and said, “Altar, altar, this is what Yahweh says: ‘Behold, a son will be born to the house of David, Josiah by name. On you he will sacrifice the priests of the high places who turn incense into smoke-perfume on you, and they will burn men’s bones on you.’”
  3And he gave a sign the same day, saying, “This is the sign that Yahweh has spoken: Behold, the altar will be split apart and the ashes that are on it will be poured out.”
 

4And it came to pass when the king heard the saying that the man of God had cried out against the altar in Bethel, that Jeroboam put out his hand from the altar, saying, “Seize him!” But his hand, which he put out against him, dried up so that he could not draw it back to himself.
  5Also, the altar was split apart and the ashes poured out from the altar according to the sign that the man of God had given by the word of Yahweh.
 

6Then the king answered and said to the man of God, “Entreat now the favor of Yahweh your God and pray for me that my hand may be restored to me again.”

So the man of God entreated Yahweh, and the king’s hand was restored to him again and became as it was before.
 

7Then the king said to the man of God, “Come home with me and refresh yourself, and I will give you a reward.”
 

8But the man of God said to the king, “Even if you gave me half of your house I would not go in with you, nor would I eat bread or drink water in this place,
  9for so I was commanded this by the word of Yahweh, saying, ‘You must eat no bread, nor drink water, nor return by the road that you came.’”
  10So he went on another road and did not return by the road on which he came to Bethel.
 

The Old Prophet and the Man of God

11Now an old prophet lived in Bethel, and one of his sons came and told him all the works that the man of God had done that day in Bethel. They also told their father the words that he had spoken to the king.
  12Their father said to them, “Which way did he go?” Now his sons had seen which way the man of God who came from Judah had gone.
  13Then he said to his sons, “Saddle the donkey for me.” So they saddled the donkey for him and he rode on it.
  14He went after the man of God, and found him sitting under an oak. He said to him, “Are you the man of God who came from Judah?”

He said, “I am.”
 

15Then he said to him, “Come home with me and eat bread.”
 

16He said, “I am not to return with you, nor go in with you, nor will I eat bread or drink water with you in this place.
  17For it was said to me by the word of Yahweh, ‘You must eat no bread nor drink water there, nor return by the road on which you came.’”
 

18But he said to him, “I also am a prophet, like you are, and an angel spoke to me by the word of Yahweh, saying, ‘Bring him back with you into your house, So that he can eat bread and drink water’” (but he lied to him).
  19So he went back with him, and ate bread in his house and drank water.
 

20It came to pass, as they sat at the table that the word of Yahweh came to the prophet who brought him back;
  21and he cried out to the man of God who came from Judah, saying, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘Because you have been disobedient to the mouth of Yahweh and have not kept the commandment that Yahweh your God commanded you,
  22but came back and have eaten bread and drank water in the place of which he said to you, “Eat no bread, and drink no water,” your body will not come to the tomb of your fathers.’”
 

23It came to pass after he had eaten bread and after he had drunk, that he saddled the donkey for the prophet whom he had brought back.
  24When he had gone, a lion met him on the road and killed him. His body was thrown on the road and the donkey stood by it. The lion also stood by the body.
 

25And behold, men passed by and saw the body thrown on the road, and the lion standing by the body, and they came and reported it in the city where the old prophet lived.
  26When the prophet who had brought him back from the road heard of it, he said, “It is the man of God who was disobedient to the mouth of Yahweh. Therefore Yahweh has given him to the lion that has mauled him and slain him according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke to him.”
 

27He spoke to his sons, saying, “Saddle the donkey for me.” They saddled it.
  28He went and found his body thrown on the road, and the donkey and the lion standing by the body. The lion had not eaten the body, nor mauled the donkey.
  29The prophet took up the body of the man of God and laid it on the donkey, and brought it back. He came to the city of the old prophet to mourn and to bury him.
  30He laid his body in his own grave and they mourned over him, saying, “Alas, my brother!”
 

31It came to pass after he had buried him that he spoke to his sons, saying, “When I am dead, then bury me in the tomb where the man of God is buried. Lay my bones beside his bones,
  32because the saying that he cried out by the word of Yahweh against the altar in Bethel and against all the houses of the high places that are in the cities of Samaria will surely happen.”
 

33After this thing Jeroboam did not turn from his evil way, but again made priests of the high places from among all the people. Whoever wanted to, he consecrated him, so that there would be priests of the high places.
  34And this thing became the sin of the house of Jeroboam, to cut it off and to destroy it from off the face of the earth.
 


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Ahijah’s Prophecy Against Jeroboam

1At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.
  2Jeroboam said to his wife, “Arise now, and disguise yourself, that you won’t be recognized as the wife of Jeroboam. Go to Shiloh. Behold, Ahijah the prophet is there, the one who spoke about me and said that I would be king over this people.
  3Take with you ten loaves, and cakes and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what will happen to the child.”
 

4Jeroboam’s wife did so, and arose and went to Shiloh and came to the house of Ahijah. Now Ahijah could not see, for his eyesight was gone because of his age.
  5Now Yahweh had said to Ahijah, “Behold, the wife of Jeroboam is coming to inquire of you about her son, for he is sick. Thus and thus you are to tell her, for it will be when she comes in that she will pretend to be another woman.”
 

6It was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet as she came in at the door, that he said, “Come in, you wife of Jeroboam! Why do you pretend to be another? For I am sent to you with heavy news.
  7Go, tell Jeroboam, ‘This is what Yahweh, the God of Israel, says: “Because I exalted you from among the people and made you ruler over my people Israel,
  8and tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it you, and yet you have not been as my servant David, who kept my commandments and who followed me with all his heart to do that only which was right in my eyes,
  9but have done more evil than all who were before you and have gone and made yourself other gods and cast metal images, making me angry, and have cast me behind your back;
  10therefore, behold, I will bring evil on the house of Jeroboam.

 “I will cut off from Jeroboam everyone who pisses against a wall,

 he who is a slave and he who is free in Israel,

 and will utterly sweep away the house of Jeroboam

 as a man sweeps away dung until it is all gone.

 

 11 He who dies of Jeroboam in the city

 the dogs will eat,

 and he who dies in the field

 the birds of the heavens will eat;

 for Yahweh has spoken it.”’

 

12“As for you, get up and go to your house. When your feet enter into the city, the child will die.
  13All Israel will mourn for him and bury him, for he only of Jeroboam will come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward Yahweh, the God of Israel, in the house of Jeroboam.
  14Moreover, Yahweh will raise up for himself a king over Israel who will cut off the house of Jeroboam. This is the day! What? Even now.
  15For Yahweh will strike Israel as a reed is shaken in the water, and he will root up Israel out of this good land that he gave to their fathers and will scatter them beyond the Euphrates River, because they have made their Asherah poles, making Yahweh angry.
  16He will give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, which he has sinned and with which he has made Israel to sin.”
 

17Jeroboam’s wife arose and departed and came to Tirzah. As she came to the threshold of the house, the child died.
  18All Israel buried him and mourned for him, according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke by his servant Ahijah the prophet.
 

The Death of Jeroboam

19The rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel.
  20The days that Jeroboam reigned were 22 years; and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his place.
 

Rehoboam King of Judah

21Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was 41 years old when he began to reign, and he reigned 17 years in Jerusalem, the city that Yahweh had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel to put his name there; and his mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess.
 

22Judah did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh, and they made him jealous by the sins that they committed; more than all their fathers had done.
  23For they also built for themselves high places and standing-stones and Asherah poles on every high hill and under every green tree;
  24and there were also sodomites in the land. They did according to all the abominations of the nations that Yahweh drove out before the children of Israel.
 

25It came to pass in the fifth year of king Rehoboam that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem,
  26and he took away the treasures of the house of Yahweh and the treasures of the king’s house; he took away everything, and he took away all the shields of gold that Solomon had made.
  27King Rehoboam made in their place shields of bronze and committed them to the hands of the captains of the guard who guarded the entrance of the king’s house.
  28It was so that as often as the king went into the house of Yahweh, the guard carried them and brought them back into the guard room.
 

29Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah?
  30There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually.
  31Rehoboam slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David, and his mother’s name was Naamah the Ammonitess. Abijam his son reigned in his place.
 


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Abijam Reigns in Judah

1Now in the 18th year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat, Abijam became king over Judah.
  2He reigned three years in Jerusalem, and his mother’s name was Maacah the daughter of Absalom.
 

3He walked in all the sins that his father before him had committed, and his heart was not perfect with Yahweh his God as the heart of David his father had been.
  4Nevertheless for David’s sake Yahweh his God gave him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him and to establish Jerusalem,
  5because David did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh and didn’t turn aside from anything that he commanded him all the days of his life, except only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.
 

6Now there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life.
  7The rest of the acts of Abijam and all that he did, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah? There was war between Abijam and Jeroboam.
  8Abijam slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the city of David; and Asa his son reigned in his place.
 

Asa Reigns In Judah

9In the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel, Asa became king over Judah.
  10He reigned 41 years in Jerusalem, and his grandmother’s name was Maacah the daughter of Abishalom.
 

11Asa did what was right in the eyes of Yahweh as did David his father.
  12He put away the sodomites out of the land and removed all the idols that his fathers had made.
  13Also Maacah his grandmother he removed from being queen-mother because she had made an abominable image for an Asherah; and Asa cut down her image and burned it at the brook Kidron.
  14But the high places were not taken away; nevertheless the heart of Asa was perfect with Yahweh all his days.
  15He brought into the house of Yahweh the things that his father had dedicated and the things that himself had dedicated, silver and gold and vessels.
 

16There was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
  17Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah and fortified Ramah in order to prevent anyone from going out or coming in to Asa king of Judah.
  18Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of Yahweh and the treasures of the king’s house and gave them into the hand of his servants; and king Asa sent them to Ben Hadad the son of Tabrimmon the son of Hezion, king of Syria, who lived at Damascus, saying,
  19“There is a treaty between me and you, between my father and your father. Behold, I have sent to you a present of silver and gold. Go, break your treaty with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me.”
 

20Ben Hadad listened to king Asa and sent the captains of his armies against the cities of Israel, and struck Ijon and Dan and Abel Beth Maacah, and all Chinneroth with all the land of Naphtali.
  21It came to pass when Baasha heard of it that he left off building Ramah and lived in Tirzah.
  22Then king Asa made a proclamation to all Judah; none was exempted, and they carried away the stones of Ramah and its timber with which Baasha had built; and king Asa built with it Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
 

23Now the rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might and all that he did and the cities that he built, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah? But in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet.
  24Asa slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father, and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his place.
 

Nadab Reigns in Israel

25Nadab the son of Jeroboam became king over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and he reigned over Israel two years.
  26He did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh and walked in the way of his father and in his sin with which he made Israel to sin.
 

27Baasha the son of Ahijah of the house of Issachar conspired against him; and Baasha struck him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines, for Nadab and all Israel were laying siege to Gibbethon.
  28Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah, Baasha killed him and reigned in his place.
 

29It came to pass that as soon as he was king, he struck all the house of Jeroboam. He did not leave to Jeroboam any who breathed, until he had destroyed him, according to the saying of Yahweh that he spoke by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite
  30because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned and with which he made Israel to sin; because of his provocation with which he made Yahweh the God of Israel angry.
 

31Now the rest of the acts of Nadab and all that he did, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel?
  32There was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
 

Baasha Reigns in Israel

33In the third year of Asa king of Judah, Baasha the son of Ahijah became king over all Israel and reigned in Tirzah for 24 years.
  34He did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh and walked in the way of Jeroboam and in his sin with which he made Israel to sin.
 


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1The word of Yahweh came to Jehu the son of Hanani against Baasha, saying,
  2“Because I exalted you out of the dust and made you ruler over my people Israel, but you have walked in the way of Jeroboam and have made my people Israel to sin, making me angry by their sins,
  3behold, I will utterly sweep away Baasha and his house and I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
 

 4 The dogs will eat anyone belonging to Baasha who dies in the city,

 and the birds of heaven will eat anyone of his who dies in the field.”

 

5Now the rest of the acts of Baasha and what he did, and his might, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel?
  6Baasha slept with his fathers and was buried in Tirzah, and Elah his son became king in his place.
  7Moreover by the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani the word of Yahweh came against Baasha and against his house, both because of all the evil that he did in the eyes of Yahweh, making him angry by the work of his hands in being like the house of Jeroboam, and because he struck it down.
 

Elah Reigns in Israel

8In the 26th year of Asa king of Judah, Elah the son of Baasha became king over Israel in Tirzah, and he reigned for two years.
 

9His servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him. Now Elah was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza who was over the house in Tirzah,
  10and Zimri went in and struck him and killed him in the 27th year of Asa king of Judah, and became king in his place.
 

11And it came to pass when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he struck all the house of Baasha; he didn’t leave him a single one who pisses against a wall, neither of his relatives nor of his friends.
  12Thus Zimri destroyed all the house of Baasha according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke against Baasha by Jehu the prophet,
  13for all the sins of Baasha and the sins of Elah his son that they sinned and with which they made Israel to sin, making Yahweh the God of Israel angry by their worthless idols.
 

14Now the rest of the acts of Elah and all that he did, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel?
 

Zimri Reigns in Israel

15In the 27th year of Asa king of Judah, Zimri became king and reigned seven days in Tirzah. Now the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
  16The people who were encamped heard it said, “Zimri has conspired and has also struck the king.” Therefore all Israel made Omri, the captain of the army, king over Israel that day in the camp.
  17Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah.
  18It came to pass when Zimri saw that the city was taken that he went into the castle of the king’s house and burned the king’s house over him with fire and died,
  19for his sins that he sinned in doing what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh by walking in the way of Jeroboam and in his sin that he did, to make Israel to sin.
 

20Now the rest of the acts of Zimri and his treason that he committed, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel?
  21Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath to make him king, and half followed Omri.
  22But the people who followed Omri prevailed against the people who followed Tibni the son of Ginath, so Tibni died and Omri reigned.
 

Omri Reigns in Israel

23In the 31st year of Asa king of Judah, Omri became king over Israel for 12 years. He reigned six years in Tirzah.
  24He bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and he built on the hill, and called the name of the city that he built after the name of Shemer, the owner of the hill, Samaria.
 

25Omri did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh and did more evil than all who were before him.
  26For he walked in all the ways of Jeroboam the son of Nebat and in his sins with which he made Israel to sin, making Yahweh the God of Israel angry by their worthless idols.
  27Now the rest of the acts of Omri that he did, and his might that he showed, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel?
  28So Omri slept with his fathers and was buried in Samaria; and Ahab his son became king in his place.
 

Ahab Reigns in Israel

29In the 38th year of Asa king of Judah, Ahab the son of Omri became king over Israel, and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria 22 years.
  30Ahab the son of Omri did more evil in the eyes of Yahweh than all who were before him.
  31It came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Sidonians as a wife, and went and served Baal and worshiped him.
  32He erected an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal that he had built in Samaria.
  33And Ahab also made the Asherah. Thus, Ahab did more to make Yahweh the God of Israel angry than all the kings of Israel who were before him.
 

34In his days Hiel the Bethelite rebuilt Jericho. With Abiram his firstborn he laid its foundation and with his youngest son Segub he set up its gates, according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke by Joshua the son of Nun.
 


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Elijah Announces a Drought

1Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the settlers of Gilead, said to Ahab, “As Yahweh the God of Israel lives before whom I stand, there will not be dew or rain these years except by my word.”
 

2The word of Yahweh came to him, saying,
  3“Go away from here, turn eastward and hide yourself by the brook Cherith that is before the Jordan.
  4It is to be that you will drink of the brook. I have commanded the ravens to feed you there.”
 

5So he went and did according to the word of Yahweh, for he went and lived by the brook Cherith that is before the Jordan.
  6The ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning and bread and flesh in the evening, and he drank from the brook.
  7It came to pass after a while that the brook dried up, because there was no rain in the land.
 

Elijah and the Widow

8The word of Yahweh came to him, saying,
  9“Arise, go to Zarephath that belongs to Sidon, and stay there. Behold, I have commanded a widow there to provide for you.”
  10So he arose and went to Zarephath; and when he came to the gate of the city, behold, a widow was there gathering sticks, and he called to her, and said, “Please get me a little water in a vessel, that I may drink.”
  11As she was going to get it, he called to her and said, “Please bring me a morsel of bread in your hand.”
 

12She said, “As Yahweh your God lives, I do not have a cake, but a handful of flour in the jar and a little oil in the jug. Behold, I am gathering two sticks, that I may go in and bake it for me and my son, that we may eat it and die.”
 

13Elijah said to her, “Do not be afraid. Go and do as you have said, but make me a little loaf from it first, and bring it out to me, and afterward make some for you and for your son.
  14For this is what Yahweh the God of Israel says: ‘The jar of flour will not become empty, nor will the jar of oil fail, until the day that Yahweh sends rain on the earth.’”
 

15She went and did according to the word of Elijah, and she and he and her house ate many days.
  16The jar of flour didn’t become empty, nor did the jar of oil fail, according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke by Elijah.
 

Elijah Raises the Widow's Son

17It came to pass after these things that the son of the woman, the owner of the house, became sick; and his sickness was so severe that there was no breath left in him.
  18And she said to Elijah, “What have I to do with you, you man of God? Have you come to me to bring my sin to memory and to kill my son!”
 

19He said to her, “Give me your son.” He took him out of her bosom and carried him up into the upper room where he was staying and laid him on his own bed.
  20And he cried out to Yahweh and said, “Yahweh my God, have you also brought evil on the widow with whom I stay by killing her son?”
  21He stretched himself on the child three times and cried out to Yahweh and said, “Yahweh my God, please let this child’s soul come into him again.”
 

22And Yahweh listened to the voice of Elijah, and the soul of the child came into him again and he revived.
  23And Elijah took the child and brought him down out of the upper room into the house and gave him to his mother, and Elijah said, “Behold, your son lives.”
 

24The woman said to Elijah, “Now I know that you are a man of God and that the word of Yahweh in your mouth is truth.”
 


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Elijah Confronts Ahab

1It came to pass after many days, in the third year, that the word of Yahweh came to Elijah, saying, “Go, show yourself to Ahab, and I will send rain on the earth.”
  2So Elijah went to show himself to Ahab.

Now the famine was severe in Samaria.
  3And Ahab had called for Obadiah, who was over the household. (Now Obadiah feared Yahweh greatly;
  4for it was so, when Jezebel cut off the prophets of Yahweh, that Obadiah took 100 prophets and hid them by fifty in a cave, and fed them with bread and water).
  5And Ahab said to Obadiah, “Go throughout the land to all the springs of water and to all the brooks. Perhaps we may find grass and save the horses and mules alive, so that we do not lose all the animals.”
  6So they divided the land between them to pass throughout it: Ahab went one way by himself and Obadiah went another way by himself.
 

7As Obadiah was walking along on the road, behold, Elijah met him. And Obadiah recognized him and fell on his face and said, “Is it you, my lord Elijah?”
 

8He answered him, “It is I. Go, tell your lord, ‘Behold, Elijah is here!’”
 

9He said, “How have I sinned, that you would give your servant over into the hand of Ahab to kill me?
  10As Yahweh your God lives, there is no nation or kingdom where my lord has not sent to search for you. And when they said, ‘He is not here,’ he took an oath from the kingdom or nation that they could not find you.
 

11“But now you are saying, ‘Go, tell your lord, “Behold, Elijah is here.”’
  12And it will happen that as soon as I am gone from you the Spirit of Yahweh will carry you I do not know where; and so when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find you, he will kill me. But I, your servant, have feared Yahweh from my youth.
  13Wasn’t my lord told what I did when Jezebel killed the prophets of Yahweh, how I hid 100 men of Yahweh’s prophets with fifty to a cave, and fed them with bread and water?
  14But now you are saying, ‘Go, tell your lord, “Behold, Elijah is here;”’ and he will kill me.”
 

15Then Elijah said, “As Yahweh of Armies lives, before whom I stand, I will surely show myself to him today.”
 

16So Obadiah went to meet Ahab and told him; and Ahab went to meet Elijah.
  17It came to pass when Ahab saw Elijah that Ahab said to him, “Is that you, you troubler of Israel?”
 

18He answered, “I have not troubled Israel, but you and your father’s house, in that you have forsaken the commandments of Yahweh and you have followed the Baals.
  19Now therefore send and gather to me all Israel to Mount Carmel, and 450 of the prophets of Baal, and 400 of the prophets of the Asherah who eat at Jezebel’s table.”
 

The Prophets of Baal Defeated

20So Ahab sent to all the children of Israel and gathered the prophets together to Mount Carmel.
  21And Elijah came near to all the people and said, “How long will you waver between two opinions? If Yahweh is God, follow him; but if Baal, then follow him.” But the people answered him not a word.
 

22Then Elijah said to the people, “I, even I only, am left of the prophets of Yahweh; but Baal’s prophets are 450 men.
  23Now let them get two bulls for us; and let them choose one bull for themselves and cut it in pieces and lay it on the wood, but put no fire under it, and I will prepare the other bull and lay it on the wood and put no fire under it.
  24Then you call on the name of your god, and I will call on the name of Yahweh. The God who answers by fire—he is God!”

And all the people answered, “What you say is good.”
 

25Elijah said to the prophets of Baal, “Choose one bull for yourselves and prepare it first, for you are many; and call on the name of your god, but put no fire under it.”
 

26They took the bull that was given them, and they dressed it and called on the name of Baal from morning even until noon, saying, “Baal, hear us.” But there was no voice, nor any who answered. They leaped around the altar that was made.
 

27It came to pass at noon that Elijah mocked them, and said, “Shout loudly, for he is a god. Either he is deep in thought, or he has gone aside, or he is on a journey, or perhaps he is sleeping and must be awakened.”
  28They cried out loudly and cut themselves in their way with knives and spears until the blood gushed out on them.
  29It was so when midday was past that they prophesied until the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice, but there was neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any who regarded.
 

30Then Elijah said to all the people, “Come near to me,” and all the people came near to him. And he repaired the altar of Yahweh that was torn down.
  31Elijah took 12 stones according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob to whom the word of Yahweh came, saying, “Israel will be your name.”
  32And with the stones he built an altar in the name of Yahweh. He made a trench around the altar large enough to contain two measures of seed.
  33And he put the wood in order and cut the bull in pieces and laid it on the wood. And he said, “Fill four jars with water and pour it on the burnt offering and on the wood.”
  34And he said, “Do it a second time,” and they did it the second time. And he said, “Do it a third time,” and they did it the third time.
  35And the water ran around the altar; and he also filled the trench with water.
 

36It came to pass at the time of the offering of the evening sacrifice that Elijah the prophet came near and said, “Yahweh, the God of Abraham, of Isaac and of Israel, let it be known this day that you are God in Israel and that I am your servant, and that I have done all these things at your word.
  37Hear me, Yahweh, hear me, so that this people will know that you, Yahweh, are God, and that you have turned their heart back again.”
 

38Then the fire of Yahweh fell and consumed the burnt offering, and the wood and the stones and the dust, and licked up the water that was in the trench.
  39When all the people saw it, they fell on their faces, and they said, “Yahweh, he is God! Yahweh, he is God!”
 

40And Elijah said to them, “Seize the prophets of Baal! Do not let one of them escape!”

They seized them. And Elijah brought them down to the brook Kishon and killed them there.
  41And Elijah said to Ahab, “Get up, eat and drink; for there is the sound of abundance of rain.”
 

Yahweh Sends Rain

42So Ahab went up to eat and to drink, but Elijah went up to the top of Carmel; and he bowed himself down on the earth and put his face between his knees.
  43Then he said to his servant, “Go up now, look toward the sea.”

He went up and looked and said, “There is nothing.”

And he said, “Go again,” seven times.
 

44It came to pass on the seventh time that he said, “Behold, a small cloud, like a man’s hand, is rising out of the sea.”

Then he said, “Go up, tell Ahab, ‘Get ready and go down so that the rain doesn’t stop you.’”
 

45It came to pass in a little while that the sky grew black with clouds and wind, and there was a great rain. Ahab rode and went to Jezreel.
  46The hand of Yahweh was on Elijah, and he tucked his cloak into his belt and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel.
 


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Elijah Flees Jezebel to Horeb

1Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done and how he had killed all the prophets with the sword.
  2Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, “So may the gods do to me, and more also, if I do not make your life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time!”
 

3When he saw that, he arose and went for his life, and came to Beer-sheba that belongs to Judah, and left his servant there.
  4But he himself went a day’s journey into the wilderness and came and sat down under a juniper tree; and he requested for himself that he might die, and said, “It is enough. Now, O Yahweh, take away my life, for I am not better than my fathers.”
  5He lay down and slept under a juniper tree;

And behold, an angel touched him and said to him, “Arise and eat!”
  6He looked, and behold, there was at his head a loaf of bread baked on the coals, and a jar of water. He ate and drank and lay down again.
  7The angel of Yahweh came again the second time and touched him and said, “Arise and eat, because the journey is too great for you.”
  8He arose and ate and drank and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights to Horeb the Mount of God.
  9He came there to a cave and lodged there;

Yahweh Speaks to Elijah

And behold, the word of Yahweh came to him, and he said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
 

10He said, “I have been very jealous for Yahweh, the God of Armies; for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and killed your prophets with the sword. I, even I alone am left, and they seek my life to take it away.”
 

11He said, “Go out, and stand on the mountain before Yahweh.”

Behold, Yahweh passed by, and a great and strong wind tore the mountains and broke in pieces the rocks before Yahweh; but Yahweh was not in the wind. After the wind an earthquake; but Yahweh was not in the earthquake.
  12After the earthquake a fire passed, but Yahweh was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice.
  13And when Elijah heard it, he wrapped his face in his mantle and went out and stood in the entrance of the cave.

Behold, a voice came to him, and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
 

14He said, “I have been very zealous for Yahweh, the God of Armies, for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars and slain your prophets with the sword. I, even I alone am left, and they seek my life to take it away.”
 

15Yahweh said to him, “Go, return by the way you came, and go to the wilderness of Damascus. When you arrive, you are to anoint Hazael to be king over Syria.
  16You are to anoint Jehu the son of Nimshi to be king over Israel, and you are to anoint Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel Meholah to be prophet in your place.
  17It will happen that he who escapes from the sword of Hazael, Jehu will kill; and he who escapes from the sword of Jehu, Elisha will kill.
  18Yet will I leave 7,000 in Israel, all the knees that have not bowed to Baal and every mouth that has not kissed him.”
 

The Call of Elisha

19So he departed there and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with 12 yoke of oxen before him, and he with the 12th; and Elijah passed over to him, and cast his mantle on him.
  20He left the oxen, and ran after Elijah and said, “Let me please kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow you.”

He said to him, “Go back again, for what have I done to you?”
 

21He returned from following him, and took the yoke of oxen and killed them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen and gave to the people, and they ate. Then he arose and went after Elijah, and served him.
 


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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 20
 
Ben Hadad Attacks Samaria

1Ben Hadad the king of Syria gathered all his army together, and there were 32 kings with him, and horses and chariots; and he went up and besieged Samaria and fought against it.
  2He sent messengers into the city to Ahab king of Israel, and said to him, “This is what Ben Hadad says:
  3‘Your silver and your gold is mine. Your wives also and your children, even the best, are mine.’”
 

4The king of Israel answered, “Just as you say, my lord, O king. I am yours and all that I have.”
 

5The messengers came again and said, “Ben Hadad says, ‘I sent to you, saying, “You are to deliver me your silver and your gold and your wives and your children;
  6but I will send my servants to you tomorrow about this time, and they will search your house and the houses of your servants; and it will be that whatever is pleasant in your eyes, they will put it in their hand and take it away.”
 

7Then the king of Israel called all the elders of the land and said, “Notice now, and see that this man is only looking for trouble, for he sent to me for my wives and for my children and for my silver and for my gold, and I didn’t deny him.”
 

8All the elders and all the people said to him, “Do not listen to him, or consent to his demands.”
 

9Therefore he said to the messengers of Ben Hadad, “Tell my lord the king, all that you demanded of your servant the first time I will do; but this thing I cannot do.” The messengers departed and brought him back the message.
 

10Ben Hadad sent to him and said, “The gods do so to me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria will suffice for handfuls for all the people who follow me.”
 

11The king of Israel answered, “Tell him, ‘Do not let him who puts on his armor brag like he who takes it off.’”
 

12It came to pass when Ben Hadad heard this message as he was drinking, he and the kings, in the pavilions, that he said to his servants, “Prepare to attack!” They prepared to attack the city.
 

Ahab Defeats Ben Hadad

13Behold, a prophet came near to Ahab king of Israel and said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘Have you seen all this great multitude? Behold, I will deliver it into your hand this day, and you may know that I am Yahweh.’”
 

14Ahab said, “By whom?”

He said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘By the young men of the officials of the provinces.’”

Then he said, “Who is to begin the battle?”

He answered, “You.”
 

15Then he mustered the young men of the officials of the provinces, and they were 232. After them he mustered all the people, even all the children of Israel, being 7,000.
  16They went out at noon. But Ben Hadad was drinking himself drunk in the pavilions, he and the kings, the 32 kings who helped him.
  17The young men of the officials of the provinces went out first, and Ben Hadad sent out, and they told him, saying, “Men are coming out from Samaria.”
 

18He said, “If they have come out for peace, take them alive; or if they have come out for war, take them alive.”
 

19So these went out of the city, the young men of the officials of the provinces and the army that followed them.
  20They each killed his man. The Syrians fled and Israel pursued them. Ben Hadad the king of Syria escaped on a horse with horsemen.
  21The king of Israel went out and struck the horses and chariots and killed the Syrians with a great slaughter.
 

22The prophet came near to the king of Israel and said to him, “Go, strengthen yourself, and mark and see what you do; for at the return of the year the king of Syria will come up against you.”
 

23The servants of the king of Syria said to him, “Their god is a god of the hills; therefore they were stronger than we. But let us fight against them in the plain and surely we will be stronger than they.
  24Do this thing: take the kings away, every man out of his place, and put captains in their place.
  25Muster an army like the army that you have lost, horse for horse and chariot for chariot. We will fight against them in the plain and surely we will be stronger than them.” He listened to their voice and did so.
 

26It came to pass at the return of the year that Ben Hadad mustered the Syrians and went up to Aphek to fight against Israel.
  27The children of Israel were mustered and were provisioned and went against them. The children of Israel encamped before them like two little flocks of young goats, but the Syrians filled the country.
 

28A man of God came near and spoke to the king of Israel and said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘Because the Syrians have said, “Yahweh is a god of the hills, but he is not a god of the valleys,” therefore I will deliver all this great multitude into your hand, and you will know that I am Yahweh.’”
 

29They encamped one over against the other seven days. So it was that in the seventh day the battle was joined; and the children of Israel killed 100,000 footmen of the Syrians in one day.
  30But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city, and the wall fell on 27,000 men who were left.

Ben Hadad fled and came into the city, into an inner room.
  31His servants said to him, “See now, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel are merciful kings. Please let us put sackcloth on our bodies and ropes on our heads and go out to the king of Israel. Maybe he will save your life.”
 

32So they put sackcloth on their bodies and ropes on their heads and came to the king of Israel and said, “Your servant Ben Hadad says, ‘Please let me live.’”

He said, “Is he still alive? He is my brother.”
 

33Now the men observed diligently and hurried to take this phrase, and they said, “Your brother Ben Hadad.”

Then he said, “Go, bring him.”

Then Ben Hadad came out to him, and he caused him to come up into the chariot.
  34Ben Hadad said to him, “The cities that my father took from your father I will restore. You may make streets for yourself in Damascus as my father made in Samaria.”

“I,” said Ahab, “will let you go with this covenant.” So he cut a covenant with him and let him go.
 

A Prophet Condemns Ahab

35A certain man of the sons of the prophets said to his fellow by the word of Yahweh, “Please strike me!” The man refused to strike him.
 

36Then he said to him, “Because you have not obeyed the voice of Yahweh, behold, as soon as you are departed from me, a lion will kill you.” As soon as he was departed from him, a lion found him and killed him.
 

37Then he found another man, and said, “Please strike me.” The man struck him, smiting and wounding him.
  38So the prophet departed and waited for the king by the way and disguised himself with his headband over his eyes.
  39As the king passed by, he cried out to the king, and he said, “Your servant went out into the midst of the battle; and behold, a man turned aside and brought a man to me and said, ‘Guard this man! If by any means he be missing, then your life will be for his life, or else you will pay a talent of silver.’
  40As your servant was busy here and there, he was gone.”

The king of Israel said to him, “So your judgment will be; you yourself have decided it.”
 

41He hurried and took the headband away from his eyes, and the king of Israel recognized that he was of the prophets.
  42He said to him, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘Because you have let go out of your hand the man whom I had devoted to destruction, therefore your life will go for his life and your people for his people.’”
  43The king of Israel went to his house sullen and angry and came to Samaria.
 


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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 21
 
Naboth’s Vineyard

1It came to pass after these things that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard that was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.
  2Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, “Give me your vineyard that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near to my house, and I will give you for it a better vineyard than it. Or, if it seems good to you, I will give you its worth in money.”
 

3Naboth said to Ahab, “May Yahweh forbid me that I should give the inheritance of my fathers to you!”
 

4Ahab came into his house sullen and angry because of the word that Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him, for he had said, “I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers.” He laid himself down on his bed and turned away his face and would eat no bread.
 

5But Jezebel his wife came to him and said to him, “Why is your spirit so sad, that you eat no bread?”
 

6He said to her, “Because I spoke to Naboth the Jezreelite and said to him, ‘Give me your vineyard for money; or else, if it pleases you, I will give you another vineyard for it.’ He answered, ‘I will not give you my vineyard.’”
 

7Jezebel his wife said to him, “Now you exercise your royal power over Israel! Arise and eat bread and let your heart be merry. I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.”
  8So she wrote letters in Ahab’s name and sealed them with his seal and sent the letters to the elders and to the nobles who were in his city who lived with Naboth.
  9She wrote in the letters, saying,

“Proclaim a fast and set Naboth on high among the people.
  10Set two men, sons of Belial, before him, and let them testify against him, saying, ‘You cursed God and the king!’ Then carry him out and stone him to death.”

11The men of his city, even the elders and the nobles who lived in his city, did as Jezebel had sent to them according as it was written in the letters that she had sent to them.
  12They proclaimed a fast and set Naboth on high among the people.
  13The two men, the sons of Belial, came in and sat before him. The sons of Belial testified against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, “Naboth cursed God and the king!” Then they carried him out of the city and stoned him to death with stones.
  14Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, “Naboth has been stoned and is dead.”
 

15It came to pass when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned and was dead that Jezebel said to Ahab, “Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite that he refused to give you for money; for Naboth is not alive, but dead.”
 

16It came to pass when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.
 

Yahweh’s Judgment on Ahab

17The word of Yahweh came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
  18“Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel who dwells in Samaria. Behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, where he has gone down to take possession of it.
  19You are to speak to him, saying, ‘This is what Yahweh says: “Have you killed and also taken possession?”’ You are to speak to him, saying, ‘This is what Yahweh says: “In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth, dogs will lick your blood, even yours.”’”
 

20Ahab said to Elijah, “Have you found me, my enemy?”

He answered, “I have found you because you have sold yourself to do what is evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
  21Behold, I will bring evil on you and will utterly sweep you away, and I will cut off from Ahab everyone who pisses against a wall and him who is shut up and him who is left at large in Israel.
  22I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah for the provocation with which you have made me angry and have made Israel to sin.”
  23Yahweh also spoke of Jezebel, saying, “The dogs will eat Jezebel by the rampart of Jezreel.
 

 24 The dogs will eat he who dies of Ahab in the city

 and the birds of the heavens will eat he who dies in the field.”

  Ahab's Repentance

25But there was none who sold himself to do what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh like Ahab did, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up.
  26He did very abominably in following idols according to all that the Amorites did, whom Yahweh cast out before the children of Israel.
 

27It came to pass when Ahab heard those words that he tore his clothes, and put sackcloth on his flesh, and fasted and lay in sackcloth and went softly.
  28The word of Yahweh came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
  29“See how Ahab humbles himself before me? Because he humbles himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days; but in his son’s days will I bring the evil on his house.”
 


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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 22
 
Jehoshaphat’s Alliance with Ahab

1They continued three years without war between Syria and Israel.
  2It came to pass in the third year that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.
  3The king of Israel said to his servants, “You know that Ramoth Gilead is ours, and we are still, and do not take it out of the hand of the king of Syria?”
  4He said to Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to battle to Ramoth Gilead?”

Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”
  5Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please inquire first for the word of Yahweh.”
 

6Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about 400 men, and said to them, “Should I go against Ramoth Gilead to battle, or should I refrain?”

They said, “Go up, for the Lord will deliver it into the hand of the king.”
 

7But Jehoshaphat said, “Isn’t there here a prophet of Yahweh, that we may inquire of him?”
 

8The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, Micaiah the son of Imlah; but I hate him, for he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil.”

Jehoshaphat said, “Do not let the king say so.”
 

9Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Quickly get Micaiah the son of Imlah.”
 

10Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in their robes, in an open place at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying before them.
  11Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron and said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘With these you will push the Syrians until they are consumed.’”
  12All the prophets prophesied so, saying, “Go up to Ramoth Gilead and prosper, for Yahweh will deliver it into the hand of the king.”
 

Micaiah Prophesies Against Ahab

13The messenger who went to call Micaiah spoke to him, saying, “See now, the prophets declare good to the king with one mouth. Please let your word be like the word of one of them, and speak good.”
 

14Micaiah said, “As Yahweh lives, what Yahweh says to me, that I will speak.”
 

15When he had come to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth Gilead to battle, or should we refrain?”

He answered him, “Go up and prosper, and Yahweh will deliver it into the hand of the king.”
 

16The king said to him, “How many times do I have to adjure you that you speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of Yahweh?”
 

17He said,

 “I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains

 as sheep that have no shepherd.

 Yahweh said,

 ‘These have no master.

 Let them each return to his house in peace.’”

 

18The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?”
 

19Micaiah said, “Therefore hear the word of Yahweh. I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne and all the army of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.
  20Yahweh said, ‘Who will entice Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth Gilead?’ One said one thing and another said another.
 

21“A spirit came out and stood before Yahweh, and said, ‘I will entice him.’
 

22“Yahweh said to him, ‘How?’

“He said, ‘I will go out and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’

“He said, ‘You will entice him and will also prevail. Go out and do so.’
 

23“Now therefore, behold, Yahweh has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these your prophets, and Yahweh has spoken evil concerning you.”
 

24Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “Which way did the spirit of Yahweh go from me to speak to you?”
 

25Micaiah said, “Behold, you will see on that day, when you go into an inner room to hide yourself.”
 

26The king of Israel said, “Take Micaiah and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the king’s son.
  27Say, ‘This is what the king says, “Put this fellow in the prison and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction until I come in peace.”’”
 

28Micaiah said, “If you return at all in peace, Yahweh has not spoken by me.” He said, “Listen, all you people!”
 

The Death of Ahab

29So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth Gilead.
  30The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you put on your robes.” The king of Israel disguised himself and went into the battle.
 

31Now the king of Syria had commanded the 32 captains of his chariots, saying, “Fight neither with small nor great, except only with the king of Israel.”
 

32It came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, “Surely that is the king of Israel!” and they turned aside to fight against him. Jehoshaphat cried out.
  33It came to pass when the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel that they turned back from pursuing him.
 

34A certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel between the joints of the armor. Therefore he said to the driver of his chariot, “Turn your hand and carry me out of the battle, for I am severely wounded.”
  35The battle increased that day. The king was propped up in his chariot facing the Syrians and died at evening. The blood ran out of the wound into the bottom of the chariot.
  36A cry went throughout the army about the going down of the sun, saying,

 “Every man to his city

 and every man to his country!”

 

37So the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried the king in Samaria.
  38They washed the chariot by the pool of Samaria and the dogs licked up his blood where the prostitutes washed themselves, according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke.
 

39Now the rest of the acts of Ahab and all that he did, and the ivory house that he built and all the cities that he built, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel?
  40So Ahab slept with his fathers, and Ahaziah his son reigned in his place.
 

Jehoshaphat Reigns in Judah

41Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.
  42Jehoshaphat was 35 years old when he began to reign; and he reigned 25 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.
  43He walked in all the ways of Asa his father; he didn’t turn aside from it, doing what was right in the eyes of Yahweh: however the high places were not taken away; the people still sacrificed and turned incense into smoke-perfume in the high places.
  44Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel.
 

45Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat and his might that he showed, and how he warred, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah?
  46The remnant of the sodomites that remained in the days of his father Asa he put away out of the land.
  47There was no king in Edom; a deputy was king.
  48Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they didn’t go, for the ships were broken at Ezion Geber.
  49Then Ahaziah the son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my servants go with your servants in the ships.” But Jehoshaphat would not.
  50Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father; Jehoram his son reigned in his place.
 

Ahaziah Reigns in Israel

51Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria in the 17th year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned two years over Israel.
  52He did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh and walked in the way of his father and in the way of his mother and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, in which he made Israel to sin.
  53He served Baal and worshiped him, and made Yahweh, the God of Israel, angry in every way that his father had done.
 


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