1 Kings Chapter 5  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 5
Preparations for Building the Temple

1Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon, for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the place of his father, for Hiram always loved David.

2Solomon sent to Hiram, saying,
  3“You know that David my father could not build a house for the name of Yahweh his God because of the wars that were around him on every side until Yahweh put them under the soles of his feet.
  4But now Yahweh my God has given me rest on every side. There is neither adversary nor misfortune.
  5Behold, I purpose to build a house for the name of Yahweh my God, as Yahweh spoke to David my father, saying, ‘Your son whom I will set on your throne in your place, he will build the house for my name.’

6“Now therefore command that they cut me cedar trees out of Lebanon. My servants will be with your servants, and I will give you wages for your servants according to all that you say. For you know that there is not among us any who knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians.”

7It came to pass when Hiram heard the words of Solomon that he rejoiced greatly and said, “Blessed is Yahweh this day, who has given to David a wise son over this great people.”
  8Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, “I have heard the message that you have sent to me. I will do all your desire concerning timber of cedar and concerning timber of fir.
  9My servants will bring them down from Lebanon to the sea. I will make them into rafts to go by sea to the place that you will direct me, and I will cause them to be broken up there, and you can receive them. You can accomplish my desire in giving food for my household.”

10So Hiram gave Solomon timber of cedar and timber of fir according to all his desire.
  11Solomon gave Hiram 20,000 measures of wheat to his household for food, and twenty measures of pure oil. Solomon gave this to Hiram year after year.

12Yahweh gave Solomon wisdom as he promised him, and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty together.

Solomon’s Work Force

13King Solomon drafted forced laborers out of all Israel, and the draft was 30,000 men.
  14He sent them to Lebanon, 10,000 a month by courses; a month they were in Lebanon and two months at home, and Adoniram was over the men subject to forced labor.
  15Solomon had 70,000 who bore burdens and 80,000 who were stone cutters in the mountains;
  16besides Solomon’s chief officers who were over the work, 3300, who ruled over the people who labored in the work.
  17The king commanded, and they cut out great stones, costly stones, to lay the foundation of the house with cut stone.
  18Solomon’s builders and Hiram’s builders and the Gebalites cut them and prepared the timber and the stones to build the house.

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