1 Kings Chapter 4  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 4
Solomon’s Officials and Governors

1King Solomon was king over all Israel.
  2These were the officials whom he had:

 Azariah the son of Zadok the priest;

 3 Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, scribes;

 Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder;

 4 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army;

 and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

 5 and Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers;

 and Zabud the son of Nathan was chief minister, the king’s friend;

 6 and Ahishar was over the household;

 and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.


7Solomon had 12 officers over all Israel who provided food for the king and his household; each man had to make provision for one month out of the year.
  8These are their names:

 Ben Hur in the hill country of Ephraim;

 9 Ben Deker in Makaz and in Shaalbim and Beth Shemesh and Elon Beth Hanan;

 10 Ben Hesed in Arubboth (to him belonged Socoh and all the land of Hepher);

 11 Ben Abinadab in all the height of Dor (he had Taphath the daughter of Solomon as wife);

 12 Baana the son of Ahilud in Taanach and Megiddo and all Beth Shean which is beside Zarethan, beneath Jezreel, from Beth Shean to Abel Meholah as far as beyond Jokmeam;

 13 Ben Geber in Ramoth Gilead (to him belonged the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him belonged the region of Argob which is in Bashan, 60 great cities with walls and bronze bars);

 14 Ahinadab the son of Iddo in Mahanaim;

 15 Ahimaaz in Naphtali (he also took Basemath the daughter of Solomon as wife);

 16 Baana the son of Hushai in Asher and Bealoth;

 17 Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah in Issachar;

 18 Shimei the son of Ela in Benjamin;

 19 Geber the son of Uri in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only officer who was in the land.

  Solomon’s Daily Provisions

20Judah and Israel were many as the sand that is by the sea in multitude. They ate and drank and were happy.
  21Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the River to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt; they brought tribute, and served Solomon all the days of his life.

22Solomon’s provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour and sixty measures of flour,
  23ten head of fat cattle and twenty head of cattle out of the pastures and 100 sheep, besides harts and gazelles and roebucks and fattened fowl.
  24For he had dominion over everything on this side the River, from Tiphsah even to Gaza, over all the kings on this side the River, and he had peace on all sides around him.
  25Judah and Israel lived safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, all the days of Solomon.
  26Solomon had 40,000 stalls of horses for his chariots and 12,000 horsemen.
  27Those officers provided food for king Solomon and for all who came to king Solomon’s table, every man in his month; they let nothing be lacking.
  28They also brought barley and straw for the horses to the place where it was required, each man according to his duty.

Solomon’s Wisdom

29God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and very great understanding, even as the sand that is on the seashore.
  30Solomon’s wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt.
  31For he was wiser than all men, than Ethan the Ezrahite and Heman and Calcol and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all the nations all around.

32He spoke 3,000 proverbs and his songs were 1,005.
  33He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even to the hyssop that springs out of the wall; he spoke also of animals and of birds and of creeping things and of fish.
  34People came from all nations to hear the wisdom of Solomon; from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom.

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