1 Kings Chapter 21  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 21
 
Naboth’s Vineyard

1It came to pass after these things that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard that was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.
  2Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, “Give me your vineyard that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near to my house, and I will give you for it a better vineyard than it. Or, if it seems good to you, I will give you its worth in money.”
 

3Naboth said to Ahab, “May Yahweh forbid me that I should give the inheritance of my fathers to you!”
 

4Ahab came into his house sullen and angry because of the word that Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him, for he had said, “I will not give you the inheritance of my fathers.” He laid himself down on his bed and turned away his face and would eat no bread.
 

5But Jezebel his wife came to him and said to him, “Why is your spirit so sad, that you eat no bread?”
 

6He said to her, “Because I spoke to Naboth the Jezreelite and said to him, ‘Give me your vineyard for money; or else, if it pleases you, I will give you another vineyard for it.’ He answered, ‘I will not give you my vineyard.’”
 

7Jezebel his wife said to him, “Now you exercise your royal power over Israel! Arise and eat bread and let your heart be merry. I will give you the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite.”
  8So she wrote letters in Ahab’s name and sealed them with his seal and sent the letters to the elders and to the nobles who were in his city who lived with Naboth.
  9She wrote in the letters, saying,

“Proclaim a fast and set Naboth on high among the people.
  10Set two men, sons of Belial, before him, and let them testify against him, saying, ‘You cursed God and the king!’ Then carry him out and stone him to death.”

11The men of his city, even the elders and the nobles who lived in his city, did as Jezebel had sent to them according as it was written in the letters that she had sent to them.
  12They proclaimed a fast and set Naboth on high among the people.
  13The two men, the sons of Belial, came in and sat before him. The sons of Belial testified against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, “Naboth cursed God and the king!” Then they carried him out of the city and stoned him to death with stones.
  14Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, “Naboth has been stoned and is dead.”
 

15It came to pass when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned and was dead that Jezebel said to Ahab, “Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite that he refused to give you for money; for Naboth is not alive, but dead.”
 

16It came to pass when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.
 

Yahweh’s Judgment on Ahab

17The word of Yahweh came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
  18“Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel who dwells in Samaria. Behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, where he has gone down to take possession of it.
  19You are to speak to him, saying, ‘This is what Yahweh says: “Have you killed and also taken possession?”’ You are to speak to him, saying, ‘This is what Yahweh says: “In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth, dogs will lick your blood, even yours.”’”
 

20Ahab said to Elijah, “Have you found me, my enemy?”

He answered, “I have found you because you have sold yourself to do what is evil in the eyes of Yahweh.
  21Behold, I will bring evil on you and will utterly sweep you away, and I will cut off from Ahab everyone who pisses against a wall and him who is shut up and him who is left at large in Israel.
  22I will make your house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah for the provocation with which you have made me angry and have made Israel to sin.”
  23Yahweh also spoke of Jezebel, saying, “The dogs will eat Jezebel by the rampart of Jezreel.
 

 24 The dogs will eat he who dies of Ahab in the city

 and the birds of the heavens will eat he who dies in the field.”

  Ahab's Repentance

25But there was none who sold himself to do what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh like Ahab did, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up.
  26He did very abominably in following idols according to all that the Amorites did, whom Yahweh cast out before the children of Israel.
 

27It came to pass when Ahab heard those words that he tore his clothes, and put sackcloth on his flesh, and fasted and lay in sackcloth and went softly.
  28The word of Yahweh came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying,
  29“See how Ahab humbles himself before me? Because he humbles himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days; but in his son’s days will I bring the evil on his house.”
 


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