1 Kings Chapter 2  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 2
David's Instructions to Solomon

1Now the days of David drew near that he should die, and he commanded Solomon his son, saying,
  2“I am going the way of all the earth. You be strong therefore, and show yourself a man
  3and keep the instruction of Yahweh your God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, his commandments, his ordinances and his testimonies according to that which is written in the law of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn yourself,
  4so that Yahweh may establish his word that he spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your children take heed to their way to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul, there will not fail you,’ he said, ‘a man on the throne of Israel.’

5“Moreover you know also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, even what he did to the two captains of the armies of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner and to Amasa the son of Jether whom he killed, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war on his sash that was about his waist and in his sandals that were on his feet.
  6Do therefore according to your wisdom and do not let his gray head go down to Sheol in peace.

7“But show kindness to the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite and let them be of those who eat at your table, for so they came to me when I fled from Absalom your brother.

8“Behold, there is with you Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite of Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at the Jordan and I swore to him by Yahweh, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’
  9Now therefore do not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man and you will know what you ought to do to him, and you will bring his gray head down to Sheol with blood.”

The Death of David

10David slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David.
  11The days that David reigned over Israel were forty years; he reigned seven years in Hebron and he reigned 33 years in Jerusalem.
  12Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established.

Solomon's Reign Established

13Then Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. She said, “Do you come peaceably?”

He said, “Peaceably.”
  14He said moreover, “I have something to tell you.”

She said, “Say on.”

15He said, “You know that the kingship was mine and that all Israel set their faces on me that I should reign. However the kingship has turned around, and has become my brother‘s, for it was his from Yahweh.
  16Now I ask one petition of you. Do not deny me.”

She said to him, “Say on.”

17He said, “Please speak to Solomon the king (for he will not tell you ‘no’) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite as wife.”

18Bathsheba said, “All right. I will speak for you to the king.”

19Bathsheba therefore went to king Solomon to speak to him for Adonijah. The king rose up to meet her and bowed himself to her, and sat down on his throne and caused a throne to be set for the king’s mother; and she sat on his right hand.
  20Then she said, “I ask one small petition of you; do not deny me.”

The king said to her, “Ask on, my mother, for I will not deny you.”

21She said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as wife.”

22King Solomon answered his mother, “Why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him the kingship also, for he is my elder brother; even for him, and for Abiathar the priest and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.”
  23Then king Solomon swore by Yahweh, saying, “God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.
  24Now therefore as Yahweh lives who has established me and set me on the throne of David my father, and who has made me a house as he promised, surely Adonijah will be put to death this day.”
  25King Solomon sent by Benaiah the son of Jehoiada; and he fell on him, so that he died.

26To Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to Anathoth, to your own fields, for you are worthy of death. But I will not at this time put you to death, because you carried the ark of the Lord Yahweh before David my father and because you were afflicted in all in which my father was afflicted.”
  27So Solomon thrust out Abiathar from being priest to Yahweh, that he might fulfill the word of Yahweh that he spoke concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.

28The news came to Joab, for Joab had turned after Adonijah though he didn’t turn after Absalom. Joab fled to the Tent of Yahweh and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

29It was told king Solomon, “Joab has fled to the Tent of Yahweh, and behold, he is by the altar.” Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “Go, fall on him.”

30Benaiah came to the Tent of Yahweh and said to him, “This is what the king says: ’Come forth!‘”

He said, “No, but I will die here.”

Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, “Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.”

31The king said to him, “Do as he has said, and fall on him and bury him, that you may take away the blood that Joab shed without cause from me and from my father’s house.
  32Yahweh will return his blood on his own head because he fell on two men more righteous and better than he, and killed them with the sword, and my father David didn’t know it: Abner the son of Ner, captain of the army of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the army of Judah.
  33So will their blood return on the head of Joab and on the head of his seed forever. But to David and to his seed and to his house and to his throne, there will be peace forever from Yahweh.”

34Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up and fell on him and killed him, and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.
  35The king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his place over the army, and the king put Zadok the priest in the place of Abiathar.

36The king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and dwell there, and do not go out from there anywhere.
  37For on the day you go out and pass over the brook Kidron, know for certain that you will surely die; your blood will be on your own head.”

38Shimei said to the king, “The saying is good. As my lord the king has said, so will your servant do.” Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days.

39It came to pass at the end of three years that two of the servants of Shimei ran away to Achish son of Maacah, king of Gath. They told Shimei, saying, “Behold, your servants are in Gath.”
  40Shimei arose and saddled his donkey and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his servants; and Shimei went and brought his servants from Gath.

41It was told Solomon that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had come again.
  42The king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Didn’t I adjure you by Yahweh and warn you, saying, ‘Know for certain that on the day you go out and walk abroad anywhere, you will surely die?’ You said to me, ‘The saying that I have heard is good.’
  43Why then have you not kept the oath of Yahweh and the commandment that I have instructed you with?”
  44The king said moreover to Shimei, “You know all the wickedness that your heart is privy to that you did to David my father. Therefore Yahweh will return your wickedness on your own head.
  45But king Solomon will be blessed and the throne of David will be established before Yahweh forever.”

46So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he went out, and fell on him so that he died. The kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.

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