The Book of 1 Kings  PDF  MSWord

1 Kings Chapter 1  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 1
David’s Last Days

1Now king David was old and advanced in years, and they covered him with clothes, but he could not keep warm.
  2So his servants said to him, “Let them search for a young virgin for my lord the king. Let her stand before the king and be in his service, and let her lie in your bosom so that my lord the king may keep warm.”
  3So they searched for a beautiful young woman throughout all the territory of Israel, and found Abishag the Shunammite and brought her to the king.
  4The young woman was very beautiful, and she served the king and attended to him, but the king did not know her sexually.

Adonijah Sets Himself Up as King

5Now Adonijah, the son of Haggith, exalted himself, saying, “I will be king.” Then he prepared chariots and horsemen for himself, and 50 men to run before him.
  6His father had never grieved him at any time by saying, “Why have you done thus and so?” And he was also a very handsome man, and he was born after Absalom.
  7He conferred with Joab the son of Zeruiah and with Abiathar the priest, and they followed Adonijah and helped him.
  8But Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and Nathan the prophet, and Shimei and Rei and the mighty men who belonged to David were not with Adonijah.

9Adonijah killed sheep and cattle and fatlings by the stone of Zoheleth which is beside En Rogel, and he called all his brothers, the king’s sons, and all the men of Judah, the king’s servants;
  10but Nathan the prophet, and Benaiah and the mighty men and Solomon his brother he did not call.

Nathan and Bathsheba Before David

11Then Nathan spoke to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon, saying, “Haven’t you heard that Adonijah the son of Haggith reigns, and David our lord doesn’t know it?
  12Now therefore come, please let me give you counsel, that you may save your own life and the life of your son Solomon.
  13Go in to king David and tell him, ‘Did you not, my lord king, swear to your servant girl, saying, “Assuredly Solomon your son is to reign after me, and he is to sit on my throne? Why then does Adonijah reign?”’
  14Behold, while you are still there speaking with the king, I also will come in after you and confirm your words.”

15Bathsheba went in to the king into the room. The king was very old, and Abishag the Shunammite was serving the king.
  16Bathsheba bowed and showed respect to the king. The king said, “What would you like?”

17She said to him, “My lord, you swore by Yahweh your God to your servant, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son is to reign after me, and he is to sit on my throne.’
  18Now, behold, Adonijah reigns, and you, my lord the king, do not know it.
  19He has slain cattle and fatlings and sheep in abundance and has called all the sons of the king and Abiathar the priest and Joab the captain of the army, but he hasn’t called Solomon your servant.
  20You, my lord the king, the eyes of all Israel are on you, that you should tell them who will sit on the throne of my lord the king after him.
  21Otherwise it will happen, when my lord the king will sleep with his fathers, that I and my son Solomon will be counted offenders.”

22Behold, while she yet talked with the king, Nathan the prophet came in.
  23They told the king, saying, “Behold, Nathan the prophet!” When he had come in before the king, he bowed himself before the king with his face to the ground.

24Nathan said, “My lord king, have you said, ‘Adonijah is to reign after me and he is to sit on my throne?’
  25For he is gone down this day and has slain cattle and fatlings and sheep in abundance, and has called all the king’s sons and the captains of the army, and Abiathar the priest. Behold, they are eating and drinking before him and say, ‘Long live king Adonijah!’
  26But he has not called me, even me your servant, and Zadok the priest and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and your servant Solomon.
  27Is this thing done by my lord the king, and you haven’t shown to your servants who should sit on the throne of my lord the king after him?”

Solomon Anointed King

28Then king David answered, “Call to me Bathsheba.” She came into the king’s presence and stood before the king.
  29The king swore and said, “As Yahweh lives who has redeemed my soul out of all adversity,
  30just as I swore to you by Yahweh, the God of Israel, saying, ‘Assuredly Solomon your son is to reign after me, and he is to sit on my throne in my place,’ even so I will do this day.”

31Then Bathsheba bowed with her face to the earth and showed respect to the king and said, “Let my lord king David live forever!”

32King David said, “Call to me Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada.” They came before the king.
  33The king said to them, “Take with you the servants of your lord and cause Solomon my son to ride on my own mule, and bring him down to Gihon.
  34Let Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet anoint him there king over Israel. Blow the shofar and say, ‘Long live king Solomon!’
  35Then you are to come up after him and he is to come and sit on my throne, for he is to be king in my place. I have appointed him to be ruler over Israel and over Judah.”

36Benaiah the son of Jehoiada answered the king and said, “Amen. May Yahweh, the God of my lord the king, say so.
  37As Yahweh has been with my lord the king, even so may he be with Solomon and make his throne greater than the throne of my lord king David.”

38So Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, went down and caused Solomon to ride on king David’s mule and brought him to Gihon.
  39Zadok the priest took the horn of oil out of the Tent, and anointed Solomon. They blew the shofar and all the people said, “Long live king Solomon!”
  40All the people came up after him, and the people piped with pipes and rejoiced with great joy so that the earth shook with their sound.

Adonijah Hears of Solomon’s Coronation

41Adonijah and all the guests who were with him heard it as they had made an end of eating. When Joab heard the sound of the shofar, he said, “Why is the city making such an uproar?”
  42While he yet spoke, behold, Jonathan the son of Abiathar the priest came, and Adonijah said, “Come in, for you are a worthy man and bring good news.”

43Jonathan answered Adonijah, “Most certainly our lord king David has made Solomon king.
  44The king has sent with him Zadok the priest, Nathan the prophet, Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and the Cherethites and the Pelethites, and they have caused him to ride on the king’s mule.
  45Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet have anointed him king in Gihon. They have come up from there rejoicing so that the city rang again. This is the noise that you have heard.
  46Also, Solomon sits on the throne of the kingdom.

47“Moreover the king’s servants came to bless our lord king David, saying, ‘May your God make the name of Solomon better than your name and make his throne greater than your throne,’ and the king bowed himself on the bed.
  48Also thus said the king, ‘Blessed be Yahweh, the God of Israel, who has given one to sit on my throne this day, my eyes even seeing it.’”

49All the guests of Adonijah were afraid and rose up, and each man went his way.
  50Adonijah was afraid because of Solomon, and he arose and went and caught hold on the horns of the altar.

51It was told Solomon, saying, “Behold, Adonijah is afraid of king Solomon; for behold, he has laid hold on the horns of the altar, saying, ‘Let king Solomon swear to me first that he will not kill his servant with the sword.’”

52Solomon said, “If he shows himself a worthy man, not a hair of him will fall to the earth; but if wickedness be found in him, he will die.”
  53So king Solomon sent and they brought him down from the altar. He came and bowed down to king Solomon, and Solomon said to him, “Go to your house.”

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