1 Samuel Chapter 8  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 8
Israel Demands a King

1And it came to pass when Samuel was old that he made his sons judges over Israel.
  2Now the name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second Abijah. They were judges in Beer-sheba.
  3Yet his sons did not walk in his ways but turned aside after dishonest gain and took bribes and perverted justice.

4Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together and came to Samuel at Ramah,
  5and they said to him, “Behold, you have grown old and your sons have not walked in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.”

6But the thing was evil in the eyes of Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” So Samuel prayed to Yahweh.
  7And Yahweh said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people in all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from reigning over them.
  8Just like all the works that they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day—they have forsaken me and served other gods—so they are doing to you also.
  9So now listen to their voice, but you must warn, yes, warn them and tell them the way of the king who will reign over them.”

Samuel's Warning Against Kings

10So Samuel told all the words of Yahweh to the people who asked him for a king.
  11And he said, “This will be the way of the king who will reign over you: He will take your sons and appoint them for himself for his chariots and to be his horsemen, and they will run before his chariots.
  12And he will appoint for himself commanders of thousands and commanders of fifties, and some to plow his ground and to harvest his harvest and to make his implements of war and implements for his chariotry.
  13He will take your daughters to be perfumers and to be cooks and to be bakers.
  14He will take your fields and your vineyards and your olive groves, even the best of them, and give them to his servants.
  15And he will take the tenth of your seed and of your grape harvest and give it to his officers and to his servants.
  16And he will take your male servants and your female servants and your best young men and your donkeys, and make them do his work.
  17He will take a tenth of your flocks and you yourselves will be his slaves.
  18And you will cry out in that day because of your king whom you have chosen for yourselves, but Yahweh will not answer you in that day.”

19But the people refused to listen to the voice of Samuel, and they said, “No! But a king must be over us,
  20so that we too may be like all the nations and so that our king may govern us and go out before us and fight our battles.”

21And Samuel heard all the words of the people, and he spoke them into the ears of Yahweh.
  22Then Yahweh said to Samuel, “Listen to their voice and make them a king.” And Samuel said to the men of Israel, “Go, everyone, to his own city.”

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