1 Samuel Chapter 30  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 30
 
David's Wives Are Captured

1It came to pass when David and his men had come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had made a raid on the Negev and on Ziklag, and had struck Ziklag and burned it with fire
  2and had taken captive the women and all who were in it, both small and great. They did not kill any, but carried them off and went their way.
 

3When David and his men came to the city, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives and their sons and their daughters were taken captive.
  4Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voice and wept until they had no more power to weep.
  5David’s two wives were taken captive, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
  6David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David strengthened himself in Yahweh his God.
 

7David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, “Please bring the ephod here to me.” Abiathar brought the ephod to David.
  8David inquired of Yahweh, saying, “If I pursue after this troop, will I overtake them?”

He answered him, “Pursue, for you will surely overtake them and will without fail recover all.”
 

9So David went, he and the 600 men who were with him, and came to the brook Besor where those who were left behind stayed.
  10But David pursued, he and 400 men; for 200 stayed behind who were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.
 

11They found an Egyptian in the field and brought him to David and gave him bread, and he ate; and they gave him water to drink.
  12They gave him a piece of a cake of figs and two clusters of raisins. When he had eaten, his spirit came again to him, for he had eaten no bread nor drunk any water three days and three nights.
 

13David asked him, “To whom do you belong? Where are you from?”

He said, “I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite, and my master left me because three days ago I fell sick.
  14We made a raid on the Negev of the Cherethites and on what belongs to Judah, and on the Negev of Caleb, and we burned Ziklag with fire.”
 

15David said to him, “Will you bring me down to this troop?”

He said, “Swear to me by God that you will neither kill me nor deliver me up into the hands of my master, and I will bring you down to this troop.”
 

David Defeats the Amalekites

16When he had brought him down, behold, they were spread around over all the ground, eating, drinking and dancing because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines and out of the land of Judah.
  17David struck them from the twilight even to the evening of the next day. Not a man of them escaped from there except 400 young men who rode on camels and fled.
 

18David recovered all that the Amalekites had taken, and David rescued his two wives.
  19There was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil nor anything that they had taken to them. David brought back all.
  20David took all the flocks and the herds that they drove before those other livestock and said, “This is David’s spoil.”
 

21David came to the 200 men who were so faint that they could not follow David whom also they had made to stay at the brook Besor, and they went forth to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. When David came near to the people, he greeted them.
  22Then all the wicked men, even sons of Belial of those who went with David, answered and said, “Because they did not go with us we will not give them anything of the spoil that we have recovered except to every man his wife and his children so that he may lead them away and depart.”
 

23Then David said, “You must not do this, my brothers, with what Yahweh has given to us. He has preserved us and gave the troop that came against us into our hand.
  24Who will listen to you in this matter? For as his share is who goes down to the battle, so is to be his share who remains by the supplies; they will share alike.”
  25It was so from that day forward that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day.
 

26When David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil to the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, “Behold, a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of Yahweh.”
  27He sent it to those who were in Bethel and to those who were in Ramoth of the Negev and to those who were in Jattir,
  28and to those who were in Aroer and to those who were in Siphmoth and to those who were in Eshtemoa
  29and to those who were in Racal, and to those who were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to those who were in the cities of the Kenites,
  30and to those who were in Hormah and to those who were in Borashan and to those who were in Athach
  31and to those who were in Hebron and to all the places where David himself and his men used to stay.
 


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