1 Samuel Chapter 28  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 28
 

1It came to pass in those days that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare to fight with Israel. Achish said to David, “Know, yes, know that you are to go out with me in the army, you and your men.”
 

2David said to Achish, “Very well, you will come to know what your servant can do.”

Achish said to David, “Very well, I will make you my bodyguard from now on.”
 

Saul and the Medium at Endor

3Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. Saul had put away out of the land those who had familiar spirits or consulted spirits of the dead.
  4The Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and encamped at Shunem, and Saul gathered all Israel together and they encamped at Mount Gilboa.
  5When Saul saw the army of the Philistines, he was afraid and his heart trembled greatly.
  6And when Saul inquired of Yahweh, Yahweh did not answer him; not by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
  7Then Saul said to his servants, “Seek out for me a woman who has a familiar spirit, that I may go to her and inquire of her.”

His servants said to him, “Behold, there is a woman who has a familiar spirit at Endor.”
 

8So Saul disguised himself and put on other clothing and went, he and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night. And he said, “Please divine for me by the familiar spirit and bring me up whomever I will name to you.”
 

9And the woman said to him, “Behold, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off those who have familiar spirits and those who consult spirits of the dead out of the land. Why then do you lay a snare for my life to cause me to die?”
 

10Saul swore to her by Yahweh, saying, “As Yahweh lives, no punishment will happen to you for this thing.”
 

11Then the woman said, “Whom shall I bring up for you?”

He said, “Bring Samuel up for me.”
 

12And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried out with a loud voice; and the woman spoke to Saul, saying, “Why have you deceived me? You are Saul!”
 

13But the king said to her, “Do not be afraid. What do you see?”

The woman said to Saul, “I see a god coming up out of the earth.”
 

14He said to her, “What does he look like?”

She said, “An old man comes up. He is covered with a robe.” And Saul knew that it was Samuel, and he bowed with his face to the ground and showed respect.
 

15Samuel said to Saul, “Why have you disturbed me by bringing me up?”

Saul answered, “I am very distressed, for the Philistines are making war against me, and God has departed from me and answers me no more; not by prophets nor by dreams. So I have called you to make known to me what I should do.”
 

16Samuel said, “Why then do you ask of me, since Yahweh has departed from you and has become your adversary?
  17Yahweh has done to you as he spoke by me. Yahweh has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor, even to David.
  18Because you did not obey the voice of Yahweh and did not execute his fierce wrath on Amalek, therefore Yahweh has done this thing to you this day.
  19Moreover Yahweh will deliver Israel also with you into the hand of the Philistines; and tomorrow you and your sons will be with me. Yahweh will deliver the army of Israel also into the hand of the Philistines.”
 

20Then immediately Saul fell full length on the ground and was terrified because of the words of Samuel, and there was no strength in him because he had eaten no bread all that day nor all that night.
  21And the woman came to Saul and saw that he was terrified and said to him, “Behold, your servant has listened to your voice, and I have put my life in my hand and have listened to your words that you spoke to me.
  22Now therefore, please listen also to the voice of your servant and let me set a morsel of bread before you; and eat, so that you will have strength when you go on your way.”
 

23But he refused and said, “I will not eat.” But his servants, together with the woman, constrained him, and he listened to their voice. So he arose from the earth and sat on the bed.
 

24The woman had a fattened calf in the house. She hurried and killed it, and she took flour and kneaded it and baked unleavened bread of it.
  25She brought it before Saul and before his servants, and they ate. Then they rose up and went away that night.
 


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