1 Samuel Chapter 25  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 25
 
The Death of Samuel

1Samuel died, and all Israel gathered themselves together and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. David arose and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
 

David, Nabal, and Abigail

2There was a man in Maon whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had 3,000 sheep and 1,000 goats, and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
  3Now the name of the man was Nabal, and the name of his wife Abigail. And the woman was intelligent and had a beautiful figure, but the man was harsh and evil in his dealings. And he was of the house of Caleb.
 

4David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep.
  5David sent ten young men, and David said to the young men, “Go up to Carmel and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name.
  6You are to tell him, ‘Long life to you! Peace be to you, and peace be to your house, and peace be to all that you have.
  7Now I have heard that you have shearers. Your shepherds have now been with us, and we didn’t hurt them, neither was there anything missing from them all the while they were in Carmel.
  8Ask your young men and they will tell you. Therefore let the young men find favor in your eyes, for we come in a good day. Please give whatever comes to your hand to your servants, and to your son David.’”
 

9When David’s young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David and ceased.
  10Nabal answered David’s servants, and said, “Who is David? Who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants who break away from their masters these days.
  11Should I then take my bread and my water and my meat that I have killed for my shearers, and give it to men who I do not know where they come from?”
 

12So David’s young men turned on their way and went back and came and told him according to all these words.
  13David said to his men, “Every man put on his sword!” Every man put on his sword. David also put on his sword. About 400 men followed David, and 200 stayed by the baggage.
 

14But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, “Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to greet our master, and he railed at them.
  15But the men were very good to us and we were not hurt, neither missed we anything as long as we went with them when we were in the fields.
  16They were a wall to us both by night and by day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep.
  17Now therefore know and consider what you will do; for evil is determined against our master and against all his house, for he is such a son of Belial that one cannot speak to him.”
 

18Then Abigail hurried and took 200 loaves of bread, two bottles of wine, five sheep ready dressed, five measures of parched grain, 100 clusters of raisins and 200 cakes of figs and laid them on donkeys.
  19She said to her young men, “Go on before me. Behold, I come after you.” But she didn’t tell her husband Nabal.
 

20It was so, as she rode on her donkey and came down by the covert of the mountain, that behold, David and his men came down toward her and she met them.
  21Now David had said, “Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow has in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained to him. He has returned me evil for good.
  22God do so to the enemies of David, and more also, if I leave of all that belongs to him by the morning light so much as one who pisses against a wall.”
 

23When Abigail saw David, she hurried and alighted from her donkey and fell before David on her face and bowed herself to the ground.
  24She fell at his feet and said, “On me, my lord, on me be the iniquity, and please let your servant speak in your ears. Hear the words of your servant.
  25Please do not let my lord regard this son of Belial, Nabal, for as his name is, so is he. Nabal is his name and folly is with him. But I your servant didn’t see the young men of my lord whom you sent.
  26Now therefore, my lord, as Yahweh lives, and as your soul lives, since Yahweh has withheld you from blood guiltiness, and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now therefore let your enemies and those who seek evil to my lord be as Nabal.
  27Now this present that your servant has brought to my lord, let it be given to the young men who follow my lord.
  28Please forgive the trespass of your servant girl. For Yahweh will certainly make my lord a sure house because my lord fights the battles of Yahweh. Throughout your days may evil not be found in you.
 

29“Though men may rise up to pursue you and to seek your soul, yet the soul of my lord will be bound in the bundle of life with Yahweh your God. He will sling out the souls of your enemies as from the pouch of a sling.
  30It will come to pass when Yahweh has done to my lord according to all the good that he has spoken concerning you and will have appointed you ruler over Israel
  31that this will be no grief to you, nor offense of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood without cause or that my lord has avenged himself. When Yahweh has dealt well with my lord, then remember your servant girl.”
 

32David said to Abigail, “Blessed is Yahweh the God of Israel who sent you this day to meet me!
  33Blessed is your discretion and blessed are you, that have kept me this day from blood guiltiness and from avenging myself with my own hand.
  34For indeed, as Yahweh, the God of Israel lives who has withheld me from hurting you, unless you had hurried and come to meet me, surely there would not have been left to Nabal by the morning light so much as one who pisses against a wall.”
  35So David received of her hand what she had brought him and he said to her, “Go up in peace to your house. Behold, I have listened to your voice and have granted your request.”
 

36Abigail came to Nabal, and behold, he held a banquet in his house like the banquet of a king. Nabal’s heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken. Therefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light.
 

37It came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, that his wife told him these things and his heart died inside him and he became like a stone.
  38It came to pass about ten days after that Yahweh struck Nabal so that he died.
 

39When David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, “Blessed is Yahweh who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal and has kept back his servant from evil. Yahweh has returned the evildoing of Nabal on his own head.”

David sent and spoke concerning Abigail to take her to him as wife.
  40When the servants of David had come to Abigail to Carmel, they spoke to her, saying, “David has sent us to you to take you to him as wife.”
 

41She arose and bowed herself with her face to the earth and said, “Behold, your servant girl is a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord.”
  42Abigail hurried and arose and rode on a donkey with five ladies of hers who followed her, and she went after the messengers of David and became his wife.
 

43David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel, and they both became his wives.
  44Now Saul had given Michal his daughter, David’s wife, to Palti the son of Laish who was of Gallim.
 


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