1 Samuel Chapter 22  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 22
David at Adullam and Mizpah

1David therefore departed there and escaped to the cave of Adullam. When his brothers and all his father’s house heard it, they went down there to him.
  2Everyone who was in distress and everyone who was in debt and everyone who was discontented gathered themselves to him, and he became captain over them; and there were with him about 400 men.

3David went there to Mizpeh of Moab, and he said to the king of Moab, “Please let my father and my mother come out with you until I know what God will do for me.”
  4He brought them before the king of Moab, and they lived with him all the while that David was in the stronghold.

5The prophet Gad said to David, “Do not stay in the stronghold. Depart and go into the land of Judah.” Then David departed and came into the forest of Hereth.

Saul Kills the Priests at Nob

6Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men who were with him. Now Saul was sitting in Gibeah under the tamarisk tree in Ramah with his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about him.
  7Saul said to his servants who stood about him, “Hear now, you Benjamites! Will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, will he make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds,
  8that all of you have conspired against me and there is none who discloses to me when my son makes a treaty with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you who is sorry for me or discloses to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me to lie in wait, as he is even today?”

9Then Doeg the Edomite who stood by the servants of Saul answered and said, “I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub.
  10He inquired of Yahweh for him, gave him food and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”

11Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests who were in Nob; and they came all of them to the king.
  12Saul said, “Hear now, you son of Ahitub.”

He answered, “Here I am, my lord.”

13Saul said to him, “Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword and have inquired of God for him, that he should rise against me to lie in wait, as he is even today?”

14Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, “Who among all your servants is so faithful as David, who is the king’s son–in–law and is taken into your council and is honorable in your house?
  15Have I today begun to inquire of God for him? Be it far from me! Do not let the king impute anything to his servant, nor to all the house of my father; for your servant knows nothing of all this, less or more.”

16The king said, “You will surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father’s house.”

17The king said to the guard who stood about him, “Turn and kill the priests of Yahweh, because their hand also is with David, and because they knew that he fled and didn’t disclose it to me.” But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall on the priests of Yahweh.

18The king said to Doeg, “Turn and attack the priests!” Doeg the Edomite turned, and he attacked the priests, and he killed on that day 85 people who wore a linen ephod.
  19He struck Nob, the city of the priests, with the mouth of the sword, both men and women, children and nursing babies and cattle and donkeys and sheep with the mouth of the sword.

20One of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub named Abiathar escaped, and fled after David.
  21Abiathar told David that Saul had slain Yahweh’s priests.
  22David said to Abiathar, “I knew on that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I am responsible for the death of all the persons of your father’s house.
  23Stay with me, do not be afraid; for he who seeks my life seeks your life. For with me you will be in safeguard.”

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