1 Samuel Chapter 13  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 13
 
Saul Fights the Philistines

1Saul reigned a year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel,
  2Saul chose for himself 3,000 men of Israel of which 2,000 were with Saul in Michmash and in the Mount of Bethel, and 1,000 were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin, and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent.
 

3Jonathan struck the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Saul blew the shofar throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!”
  4All Israel heard that Saul had struck the garrison of the Philistines and also that Israel had become a stench to the Philistines. The people were gathered together after Saul to Gilgal.
 

5The Philistines assembled themselves together to fight with Israel, 30,000 chariots and 6,000 horsemen and people as the sand that is on the seashore in multitude; and they came up, and encamped in Michmash eastward of Beth Aven.
 

6When the men of Israel saw that they were in a tight spot (for the people were hard pressed), then the people hid themselves in caves and in thickets and in rocks and in underground chambers and in pits.
  7Now some of the Hebrews had gone over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead;

Saul's Unlawful Sacrifice

but as for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling.
  8He stayed seven days, according to the time set by Samuel, but Samuel did not come to Gilgal and the people were scattering from him.
  9Then Saul said, “Bring here to me the burnt offering and the peace offerings.” And he offered the burnt offering.
 

10It came to pass that as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, behold, Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him.
  11Then Samuel said, “What have you done?”

And Saul said, “Because I saw that the people were scattering from me and that you did not come during the appointed days and that the Philistines were assembling themselves together at Michmash,
  12therefore I said, ‘Now the Philistines will come down on me to Gilgal and I have not asked the favor of Yahweh.’ So I forced myself and offered the burnt offering.”
 

13But Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God that he commanded you. If you had, Yahweh would have established your kingdom over Israel forever.
  14But now your kingdom will not continue. Yahweh has sought for himself a man after his own heart and Yahweh has appointed him to be ruler over his people because you have not kept what Yahweh commanded you.”
  15Then Samuel arose and went from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. And Saul counted the people who were present with him, about 600 men.
 

Israel Without Weapons

16Saul and Jonathan his son and the people who were present with them stayed in Geba of Benjamin, but the Philistines encamped in Michmash.
  17The raiding parties came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies: one company turned to the way that leads to Ophrah, to the land of Shual,
  18and another company turned toward the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned toward the road of the border that looks down on the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness.
 

19Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make themselves swords or spears,”
  20so all the Israelites went down to the Philistines, each man to sharpen his plow blade, mattock, axe and sickle,
  21and the charge was two-thirds of a shekel for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the goads.
  22So it came to pass in the day of battle that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan, but they were found with Saul and with Jonathan his son.
 

23And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash.
 


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