Then watch! If it goes up to Beth-shemesh on the road of his territory, then he has done us this great evil. But if not, then we will know that it is not his hand that struck us; it happened to us by chance.” Bible other translations

“If it goes up to Beth-shemesh.” The Philistines are making very sure that what has happened to them was indeed the hand of Yahweh by even picking the city that the cows had to walk towards.

“the road of his territory.” That is, the road that is in Yahweh’s territory, as we see as the sentence develops.

Commentary for: 1 Samuel 6:9