1 Samuel Chapter 18  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 18
The Friendship of David and Jonathan

1It came to pass when he had made an end of speaking to Saul that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
  2Saul took him that day and did not let him return to his father’s house.

3Then Jonathan and David cut a covenant because he loved him as his own soul.
  4Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was on him and gave it to David, and his fighting attire, even to his sword and to his bow and to his belt.

5David went out wherever Saul sent him and was successful, and Saul set him over the men of war, and it was good in the eyes of all the people and also in the eyes of Saul’s servants.

Saul Jealous of David’s Success

6It came to pass as they came, when David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all the cities of Israel singing and dancing to meet king Saul, with tambourines, with joy and with musical instruments.
  7The women sang one to another as they celebrated and said,

 “Saul has slain his thousands,

 David his tens of thousands.”


8Saul was very angry and this saying displeased him and he said, “They have ascribed to David tens of thousands, but to me they have ascribed only thousands. What more can he have but the kingship?”
  9Saul eyed David from that day and forward.

Saul Attempts to Kill David

10It came to pass on the next day that an evil spirit from God rushed upon Saul, and he prophesied in the middle of the house. David was playing the lyre with his hand as he did day by day. Saul had his spear in his hand
  11and Saul threw the spear, for he said, “I will pin David even to the wall!” David escaped from his presence twice.

12Saul was afraid of David because Yahweh was with him and was departed from Saul.
  13Therefore Saul removed him from his presence and made him his captain over a 1,000; and he went out and came in before the people.
  14David continued to be successful in all his activities, and Yahweh was with him.
  15When Saul saw that he was very successful, he was afraid of him.
  16But all Israel and Judah loved David, for he went out and came in before them.
  17Saul said to David, “Behold, my oldest daughter Merab, I will give her to you as wife. Only be valiant for me and fight Yahweh’s battles.” For Saul said, “Do not let my hand be on him, but let the hand of the Philistines be on him.”

18David said to Saul, “Who am I, and who are my relatives, my father’s clan in Israel, that I should be son–in–law to the king?”
  19But it came to pass at the time when Merab, Saul’s daughter, should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as wife.

David Marries Michal

20Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved David; and they told Saul and it pleased him.
  21And Saul said, “I will give her to him, so that she will be a snare to him and that the hand of the Philistines will be against him.” Therefore Saul said to David, “You can this day be my son–in–law a second time.”

22Saul commanded his servants, “Talk with David secretly and say, ‘Behold, the king has delight in you, and all his servants love you; now therefore be the king’s son–in–law.’”

23Saul’s servants spoke those words in the ears of David. David said, “Does it seems to you a light thing to be the king’s son–in–law, since I am a poor man and lightly esteemed?”

24The servants of Saul told him, saying, “David spoke like this.”

25Saul said, “You are to tell David, ‘The king desires no dowry except 100 foreskins of the Philistines to be avenged of the king’s enemies.’” Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.

26When his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king’s son–in–law. The days were not expired,
  27and David arose and went, he and his men, and killed of the Philistines 200 men; and David brought their foreskins and they gave them in full number to the king, that he might be the king’s son–in–law. Saul gave him Michal his daughter as wife.
  28Saul saw and knew that Yahweh was with David; and Michal, Saul’s daughter, loved him.
  29Saul was yet the more afraid of David, and Saul was David’s enemy continually.

30Then the officials of the Philistines went forth, and it came to pass, as often as they went forth that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul, so that his name was highly esteemed.

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