1 Samuel Chapter 16  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 16
Samuel Anoints David

1Yahweh said to Samuel, “How long are you going to mourn for Saul since I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and go! I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have seen among his sons a king for me.”

2But Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.” Yahweh said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to Yahweh.’
  3Then call Jesse to the sacrifice and I will show you what you are to do. You are to anoint for me the one whom I tell you.”

4So Samuel did what Yahweh said, and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet him trembling and said, “Do you come in peace?”

5And he said, “In peace. I have come to sacrifice to Yahweh. Make yourselves holy and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he sanctified Jesse and his sons and called them to the sacrifice.
  6And when they had come, he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely Yahweh’s anointed is before him.”

7But Yahweh said to Samuel, “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For God does not see as man sees, for man sees the outward appearance, but Yahweh sees the heart.”

8Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Yahweh has not chosen this one either.”
  9Then Jesse made Shammah pass by. And he said, “Yahweh has not chosen this one either.”
  10And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, “Yahweh has not chosen these!”
  11Then Samuel said to Jesse, “Are these all the boys you have?” And he said, “There is still the youngest, but behold, he is shepherding the flock.” And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and get him, for we will not sit down to eat until he comes here.”
  12So he sent and brought him. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful eyes and of good appearance. Yahweh said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is he!”
  13Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers, and the spirit of Yahweh rushed upon David from that day forward. Then Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

David in Saul's Service

14Now the spirit of Yahweh had departed from Saul and an evil spirit from Yahweh terrorized him.
  15Then Saul’s servants said to him, “See now, an evil spirit from God is terrorizing you.
  16Let our lord now command your servants who are before you to seek out a man who is a skillful player on the harp. And when an evil spirit from God is on you then he can play it with his hand, and it will be good for you.”

17So Saul said to his servants, “Look for a man for me who can play well, and bring him to me.”

18Then one of the young men answered and said, “Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite who knows how to play music, a mighty man of valor, a man of war, prudent in speech and a handsome man, and Yahweh is with him!”

19So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me David your son who is with the flock.”
  20So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a skin-bottle of wine and a young goat, and sent them by David his son to Saul.
  21So David came to Saul and stood before him, and he loved him greatly and he became his armor–bearer.
  22And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, “Let David stand before me, for he has found favor in my eyes.”
  23And whenever the spirit from God was on Saul, David took the harp and played it with his hand, so Saul would find relief and it would be good for him, and the evil spirit would depart from him.

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