1 Samuel Chapter 16  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Sam 16
Samuel Anoints David

1Yahweh said to Samuel, “How long are you going to mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from being king over Israel? Fill your horn with oil and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite, for I have provided a king for myself among his sons.”

2Samuel said, “How can I go? If Saul hears it, he will kill me.”

Yahweh said, “Take a heifer with you and say, ‘I have come to sacrifice to Yahweh.’
  3Call Jesse to the sacrifice and I will show you what you are to do. You are to anoint to me him whom I name to you.”

4Samuel did what Yahweh said, and came to Bethlehem. The elders of the city came to meet him trembling and said, “Do you come peaceably?”

5And he said, “In peace. I have come to sacrifice to Yahweh. Make yourselves holy and come with me to the sacrifice.” Then he sanctified Jesse and his sons and called them to the sacrifice.
  6And it came to pass when they had arrived, that he looked at Eliab and said, “Surely Yahweh’s anointed is here before him.”

7But Yahweh said to Samuel, “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him. For God does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but Yahweh looks at the heart.”

8Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, “Neither has Yahweh chosen this one.”
  9Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, “Neither has Yahweh chosen this one.”
  10And Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. Samuel said to Jesse, “Yahweh has not chosen these!”
  11Samuel said to Jesse, “Are these all the boys you have?”

And he said, “The youngest still remains, but behold, he is tending the sheep.”

And Samuel said to Jesse, “Send and get him, for we will not sit down until he comes here.”
  12And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with beautiful eyes and of good appearance.

Yahweh said, “Arise, anoint him; for this is he!”
  13Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers, and the spirit of Yahweh rushed upon David from that day forward. Then Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

David in Saul's Service

14And the spirit of Yahweh had departed from Saul and an evil spirit from Yahweh terrified him.
  15Saul’s servants said to him, “See now, an evil spirit from God troubles you.
  16Let our lord now command your servants who are before you to seek out a man who is a skillful player on the harp. It will come to pass that when the evil spirit from God is on you that he can play with his hand, and you will be well.”

17Saul said to his servants, “Provide me now a man who can play well, and bring him to me.”

18Then one of the young men answered and said, “Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite who is skillful in playing, a mighty man of valor, a man of war, prudent in speech and a comely person, and Yahweh is with him.”

19Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me David your son who is with the sheep.”
  20Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a skin-bottle of wine and a young goat and sent them by David his son to Saul.
  21David came to Saul and stood before him. He loved him greatly and he became his armor–bearer.
  22Saul sent to Jesse, saying, “Please let David stand before me, for he has found favor in my eyes.”
  23It came to pass when the spirit from God was on Saul, that David took the harp and played with his hand, so Saul was refreshed and was well, and the evil spirit departed from him.

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