And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. Bible other translations

“And the garrison of the Philistines went out.” It is likely that when the Philistines got news that Saul had gathered men together that they sent a group to guard the pass between Geba and Michmash and keep the roads open. It would not have occurred to them that the Israelites would attack them, but this is the garrison that Jonathan and his armorbearer attacked and defeated, leading to the rout of the Philistines described in 1 Samuel 14.

“the pass of Michmash.” A known pass that goes between Michmash and Geba (cp. Isa. 10:28-29).

Commentary for: 1 Samuel 13:23