1 Kings Chapter 2  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 2
David's Instructions to Solomon

1Now the days drew near for David to die, and he commanded Solomon his son, saying,
  2“I am going the way of all the earth. So be strong and be a man,
  3and keep the injunction of Yahweh your God, to walk in his ways, to keep his statutes, his commandments, his ordinances and his testimonies according to that which is written in the law of Moses, so that you will prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn,
  4so that Yahweh will establish his word that he spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your sons guard their way, to walk before me in truth with all their heart and with all their soul,’ he said, ‘there will not be cut off from you a man on the throne of Israel.’

5“Now also you know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me; what he did to the two commanders of the armies of Israel, to Abner the son of Ner and to Amasa the son of Jether whom he killed, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war on his belt that was around his waist and on his sandals that were on his feet.
  6So act according to your wisdom and do not let his gray head go down to Sheol in peace.

7“But show loyalty to the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite and let them be among those who eat at your table, for with such loyalty they came to me when I fled from Absalom your brother.

8“And behold, you have with you Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjamite of Bahurim, who cursed me with a malicious curse in the day when I went to Mahanaim; but he came down to meet me at the Jordan and I swore to him by Yahweh, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’
  9So now do not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man and you will know what you ought to do to him, and you will bring his gray head down to Sheol with blood.”

The Death of David

10And David laid down with his fathers and was buried in the City of David.
  11The days that David reigned over Israel were forty years; he reigned seven years in Hebron and he reigned 33 years in Jerusalem.
  12And Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established.

Solomon's Reign Established

13Now Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, “Do you come peaceably?” He said, “Peaceably.”
  14He said, “I have something to say to you.” She said, “Speak.”

15He said, “You know that the kingship was mine and that all Israel set their faces on me to reign. However, the kingship has turned around and has become my brother’s, for it was his from Yahweh.
  16Now one request I request of you. Do not turn me down.” She said to him, “Speak.”

17He said, “Please speak to Solomon the king (for he will not turn you down) that he give me Abishag the Shunammite as a wife.”

18And Bathsheba said, “Very well. I will speak about you to the king.”

19So Bathsheba went to King Solomon to speak to him about Adonijah. The king rose up to meet her and bowed down before her, and sat down on his throne and had a throne placed for the king’s mother; she sat on his right hand.
  20Then she said, “One small request I request of you; do not turn me down.” The king said to her, “Make your request, my mother, for I will not turn you down.”

21And she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as a wife.”

22Then King Solomon answered his mother, “Why are you requesting Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask the kingship for him also, for he is my elder brother; ask for him, and for Abiathar the priest and for Joab the son of Zeruiah.”
  23Then king Solomon swore by Yahweh, saying, “God do so to me, and more also, if Adonijah has not spoken this word against his own life.
  24So now, as Yahweh lives who has established me and set me on the throne of David my father and who has made me a house as he promised, surely Adonijah will be put to death this day!”
  25And King Solomon sent by the hand of Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he struck him and he died.

26Then to Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to Anathoth, to your own fields, for you are deserving of death. But I will not put you to death at this time because you carried the ark of the Lord Yahweh before David my father and because you were afflicted in everything in which my father was afflicted.”
  27So Solomon expelled Abiathar from being priest to Yahweh, fulfilling the word of Yahweh that he spoke concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh.

28The report came to Joab (for Joab had inclined after Adonijah though he had not inclined after Absalom) and Joab fled to the Tent of Yahweh and took hold on the horns of the altar.

29And King Solomon was told, “Joab has fled to the Tent of Yahweh, and behold, he is beside the altar.” Then Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “Go strike him.”

30So Benaiah came to the Tent of Yahweh and said to him, “This is what the king says: ‘Come out!’” He said, “No, but I will die here.” Benaiah brought back word to the king, saying, “Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.”

31The king said to him, “Do as he has said and strike him and bury him so that you take away from me and from my father’s house the innocent blood that Joab shed.
  32Yahweh will return his blood on his own head because he struck two men more righteous and better than he, and killed them with the sword, and my father David did not know it: Abner the son of Ner, commander of the army of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, commander of the army of Judah.
  33So their blood will return on the head of Joab and on the head of his seed forever. But to David and to his seed and to his house and to his throne there will be peace forever from Yahweh.”

34Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up and struck him and killed him, and he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.
  35And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada over the army in Joab’s place, and the king put Zadok the priest in the place of Abiathar.

36Then the king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and dwell there, and do not go out from there to anywhere else.
  37For on the day you go out and cross over the brook Kidron, know, yes, know that you will die, yes die; your blood will be on your own head.”

38And Shimei said to the king, “Your word is good. As my lord the king has said, so your servant will do.” And Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days.

39But at the end of three years, two of the slaves of Shimei ran away to Achish son of Maacah, king of Gath. And they told Shimei, saying, “Behold, your slaves are in Gath.”
  40So Shimei arose and saddled his donkey and went to Gath to Achish, to seek his servants; and Shimei went and brought his slaves from Gath.

41And Solomon was told that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had returned.
  42Then the king sent and called for Shimei and said to him, “Did I not have you swear by Yahweh, and warn you, saying, ‘Know, yes, know that on the day you leave and walk anywhere, you will die, yes, die?’ And you said to me, ‘The word I have heard is good.’
  43Why then have you not kept the oath of Yahweh and the commandment that I have commanded you?”
  44And the king said to Shimei, “You knew all the wickedness that your heart knew that you did to David my father. So Yahweh will return your wickedness on your own head.
  45But king Solomon is blessed and the throne of David will be established before Yahweh forever.”

46So the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he went out and struck him so that he died. And the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon.

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