1 Kings Chapter 19  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 19
 
Elijah Flees Jezebel to Horeb

1Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done and how he had killed all the prophets with the sword.
  2Then Jezebel sent a messenger to Elijah, saying, “So may the gods do to me, and more also, if I do not make your life as the life of one of them by tomorrow about this time!”
 

3When he saw that, he arose and went for his life, and came to Beer-sheba that belongs to Judah, and left his servant there.
  4But he himself went a day’s journey into the wilderness and came and sat down under a juniper tree; and he requested for himself that he might die, and said, “It is enough. Now, O Yahweh, take away my life, for I am not better than my fathers.”
  5He lay down and slept under a juniper tree;

And behold, an angel touched him and said to him, “Arise and eat!”
  6He looked, and behold, there was at his head a loaf of bread baked on the coals, and a jar of water. He ate and drank and lay down again.
  7The angel of Yahweh came again the second time and touched him and said, “Arise and eat, because the journey is too great for you.”
  8He arose and ate and drank and went in the strength of that food forty days and forty nights to Horeb the Mount of God.
  9He came there to a cave and lodged there;

Yahweh Speaks to Elijah

And behold, the word of Yahweh came to him, and he said to him, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
 

10He said, “I have been very jealous for Yahweh, the God of Armies; for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars, and killed your prophets with the sword. I, even I alone am left, and they seek my life to take it away.”
 

11He said, “Go out, and stand on the mountain before Yahweh.”

Behold, Yahweh passed by, and a great and strong wind tore the mountains and broke in pieces the rocks before Yahweh; but Yahweh was not in the wind. After the wind an earthquake; but Yahweh was not in the earthquake.
  12After the earthquake a fire passed, but Yahweh was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice.
  13And when Elijah heard it, he wrapped his face in his mantle and went out and stood in the entrance of the cave.

Behold, a voice came to him, and said, “What are you doing here, Elijah?”
 

14He said, “I have been very zealous for Yahweh, the God of Armies, for the children of Israel have forsaken your covenant, thrown down your altars and slain your prophets with the sword. I, even I alone am left, and they seek my life to take it away.”
 

15Yahweh said to him, “Go, return by the way you came, and go to the wilderness of Damascus. When you arrive, you are to anoint Hazael to be king over Syria.
  16You are to anoint Jehu the son of Nimshi to be king over Israel, and you are to anoint Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abel Meholah to be prophet in your place.
  17It will happen that he who escapes from the sword of Hazael, Jehu will kill; and he who escapes from the sword of Jehu, Elisha will kill.
  18Yet will I leave 7,000 in Israel, all the knees that have not bowed to Baal and every mouth that has not kissed him.”
 

The Call of Elisha

19So he departed there and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with 12 yoke of oxen before him, and he with the 12th; and Elijah passed over to him, and cast his mantle on him.
  20He left the oxen, and ran after Elijah and said, “Let me please kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow you.”

He said to him, “Go back again, for what have I done to you?”
 

21He returned from following him, and took the yoke of oxen and killed them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen and gave to the people, and they ate. Then he arose and went after Elijah, and served him.
 


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