1 Kings Chapter 22  PDF  MSWord

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Go to Commentary on 1 Kng 22
Jehoshaphat’s Alliance with Ahab

1They continued three years without war between Syria and Israel.
  2It came to pass in the third year that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.
  3The king of Israel said to his servants, “You know that Ramoth-gilead is ours, and we are still, and do not take it out of the hand of the king of Syria?”
  4He said to Jehoshaphat, “Will you go with me to battle to Ramoth-gilead?” Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “I am as you are, my people as your people, my horses as your horses.”
  5Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel, “Please inquire first for the word of Yahweh.”

6Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about 400 men, and said to them, “Should I go against Ramoth-gilead to battle, or should I refrain?” They said, “Go up, for the Lord will deliver it into the hand of the king.”

7But Jehoshaphat said, “Isn’t there here a prophet of Yahweh, that we may inquire of him?”

8The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “There is yet one man by whom we may inquire of Yahweh, Micaiah the son of Imlah; but I hate him, for he does not prophesy good concerning me, but evil.” Jehoshaphat said, “Do not let the king say so.”

9Then the king of Israel called an officer and said, “Quickly get Micaiah the son of Imlah.”

10Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah were sitting each on his throne, arrayed in their robes, in an open place at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying before them.
  11Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron and said, “This is what Yahweh says: ‘With these you will push the Syrians until they are consumed.’”
  12All the prophets prophesied so, saying, “Go up to Ramoth-gilead and prosper, for Yahweh will deliver it into the hand of the king.”

Micaiah Prophesies Against Ahab

13The messenger who went to call Micaiah spoke to him, saying, “See now, the prophets declare good to the king with one mouth. Please let your word be like the word of one of them, and speak good.”

14Micaiah said, “As Yahweh lives, what Yahweh says to me, that I will speak.”

15When he had come to the king, the king said to him, “Micaiah, should we go to Ramoth-gilead to battle, or should we refrain?” He answered him, “Go up and prosper, and Yahweh will deliver it into the hand of the king.”

16The king said to him, “How many times do I have to adjure you that you speak to me nothing but the truth in the name of Yahweh?”

17He said, “I saw all Israel scattered on the mountains as sheep that have no shepherd. Yahweh said, ‘These have no master. Let them each return to his house in peace.’”

18The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “Didn’t I tell you that he would not prophesy good concerning me, but evil?”

19Micaiah said, “Therefore hear the word of Yahweh. I saw Yahweh sitting on his throne and all the army of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.
  20Yahweh said, ‘Who will entice Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramoth-gilead?’ One said one thing and another said another.

21“A spirit came out and stood before Yahweh, and said, ‘I will entice him.’

22“Yahweh said to him, ‘How?’ “He said, ‘I will go out and will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.’ “He said, ‘You will entice him and will also prevail. Go out and do so.’

23“Now therefore, behold, Yahweh has put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these your prophets, and Yahweh has spoken evil concerning you.”

24Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, “Which way did the spirit of Yahweh go from me to speak to you?”

25Micaiah said, “Behold, you will see on that day, when you go into an inner room to hide yourself.”

26The king of Israel said, “Take Micaiah and carry him back to Amon the governor of the city and to Joash the king’s son.
  27Say, ‘This is what the king says, “Put this fellow in the prison and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction until I come in peace.”’”

28Micaiah said, “If you return at all in peace, Yahweh has not spoken by me.” He said, “Listen, all you people!”

The Death of Ahab

29So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-gilead.
  30The king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, “I will disguise myself and go into the battle, but you put on your robes.” The king of Israel disguised himself and went into the battle.

31Now the king of Syria had commanded the 32 captains of his chariots, saying, “Fight neither with small nor great, except only with the king of Israel.”

32It came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, “Surely that is the king of Israel!” and they turned aside to fight against him. Jehoshaphat cried out.
  33It came to pass when the captains of the chariots saw that it was not the king of Israel that they turned back from pursuing him.

34A certain man drew his bow at random and struck the king of Israel between the joints of the armor. Therefore he said to the driver of his chariot, “Turn your hand and carry me out of the battle, for I am severely wounded.”
  35The battle increased that day. The king was propped up in his chariot facing the Syrians and died at evening. The blood ran out of the wound into the bottom of the chariot.
  36A cry went throughout the army about the going down of the sun, saying, “Every man to his city and every man to his country!”

37So the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried the king in Samaria.
  38They washed the chariot by the pool of Samaria and the dogs licked up his blood where the prostitutes washed themselves, according to the word of Yahweh that he spoke.

39Now the rest of the acts of Ahab and all that he did, and the ivory house that he built and all the cities that he built, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Israel?
  40So Ahab slept with his fathers, and Ahaziah his son reigned in his place.

Jehoshaphat Reigns in Judah

41Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel.
  42Jehoshaphat was 35 years old when he began to reign; and he reigned 25 years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.
  43He walked in all the ways of Asa his father; he didn’t turn aside from it, doing what was right in the eyes of Yahweh: however the high places were not taken away; the people still sacrificed and turned incense into smoke-perfume in the high places.
  44Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel.

45Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat and his might that he showed, and how he warred, aren’t they written in the Book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah?
  46The remnant of the sodomites that remained in the days of his father Asa he put away out of the land.
  47There was no king in Edom; a deputy was king.
  48Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold, but they didn’t go, for the ships were broken at Ezion Geber.
  49Then Ahaziah the son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, “Let my servants go with your servants in the ships.” But Jehoshaphat would not.
  50Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father; Jehoram his son reigned in his place.

Ahaziah Reigns in Israel

51Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria in the 17th year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and he reigned two years over Israel.
  52He did what was evil in the eyes of Yahweh and walked in the way of his father and in the way of his mother and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, in which he made Israel to sin.
  53He served Baal and worshiped him, and made Yahweh, the God of Israel, angry in every way that his father had done.

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